Golden Alberta

Apple

Denomination: 'Golden Alberta'
Botanical Name: Malus
Applicant/Holder: Bilozir, Will
P.O. Box 22
Site II, RR #1
Dewinton, Alberta
T0L 0X0
Canada
Tel: 403-938-6097

King, Ross
P.O. Box 22
Site II, RR #1
Dewinton, Alberta
T0L 0X0
Canada
Breeder: Will Bilozir, Dewinton, Alberta
Ross King, Dewinton, Alberta
Application Date: 1996-05-28
Application Number: 96-855
Protective direction granted: 1996-05-28
Grant of Rights Date: 2009-03-27
Certificate Number: 3477
Exemption from compulsory licensing: Yes
Expiry date for exemption from compulsory licensing: 2011-03-27
Date rights surrendered: 2014-03-27

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Gibson Golden Delicious', 'Mutsu' and '8S6923'

Summary: 'Golden Alberta' has an upright growth habit while the reference varieties have a spreading growth habit. 'Golden Alberta' has a shorter leaf length than 'Gibson Golden Delicious' and 'Mutsu' and a narrower leaf width than the reference varieties. 'Golden Alberta' has a longer petiole length than 'Mutsu' and '8S6923'. 'Golden Alberta' has a larger flower diameter than 'Gibson Golden Delicious'. 'Golden Alberta' has a smaller fruit height than the reference varieties and a smaller fruit diameter than 'Gibson Golden Delicious' and 'Mutsu'. 'Golden Alberta' has weaker fruit ribbing than 'Gibson Golden Delicious' and 'Mutsu'. Crowning at the calyx end is absent or very weak for 'Golden Alberta' while it is strong for 'Gibson Golden Delicious' and moderate for 'Mutsu' and '8S6923'. 'Golden Alberta' has more russet around the stalk attachment than '8S6923'. The depth of the eye basin is shallower for 'Golden Alberta' than for 'Gibson Golden Delicious' and 'Mutsu'. 'Golden Alberta' has weaker browning of the flesh than the reference varieties.

Description:

TREE: medium vigour, ramified type, upright habit
ONE-YEAR OLD SHOOT: medium thickness, medium length, greenish-brown on sunny side, strong pubescence, many to very many lenticels

LEAF: upwards attitude, large length to width ratio, medium green, serrate margin, medium pubescence on lower side
PETIOLE: small amount of anthocyanin extending from base

FLOWER: flowers mid-season, light pink and white, petals overlapping

FRUIT: absent or very small extent of anthocyanin overcolour on young fruit, medium size, conic shape, absent or very weak ribbing, absent or very weak crowning at calyx end, medium sized eye, short sepals
SKIN: absent or weak glaucosity, absent or weak greasiness, yellow green ground colour
OVERCOLOUR: very large area, green yellow hue, light intensity, solid flush pattern
RUSSET: medium sized area around stalk, absent or small area on cheeks and around eye basin
LENTICELS: medium number, medium size
STALK: medium to long, thick, stalk cavity shallow to medium in depth and medium in width
EYE BASIN: shallow, medium width
FLESH: firm to very firm, cream colour, fully open aperture of locules

QUALITY: medium to late harvest, weak browning of flesh, medium percentage of malic acid in juice, high percentage of total sugars in juice.

Origin & Breeding History: 'Golden Alberta' originated from a chance seedling of unknown parentage. The variety was discovered in 1986 in Alberta and propagated since that time by grafting.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Golden Alberta' were conducted at the Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Summerland, British Columbia from 2004 to 2006. The trials consisted of 10 trees per variety grown on M9 rootstocks. Measured characteristics were based on a minimum of 10 measurements.


Comparison tables for 'Golden Alberta' with reference varieties 'Gibson Golden Delicious', 'Mutsu' and '8S6923'

Leaf length (mm)

  'Golden Alberta' 'Gibson Golden Delicious' 'Mutsu' '8S6923'
mean 82.42 99.60 109.00 87.34
std. deviation 7.08 12.38 8.18 4.89

Leaf width (mm)

  'Golden Alberta' 'Gibson Golden Delicious' 'Mutsu' '8S6923'
mean 49.71 62.63 78.44 65.56
std. deviation 6.69 7.15 7.12 3.80

Petiole length (mm)

  'Golden Alberta' 'Gibson Golden Delicious' 'Mutsu' '8S6923'
mean 26.87 23.94 21.35 22.97
std. deviation 3.93 2.13 2.26 1.87

Flower diameter (mm)

  'Golden Alberta' 'Gibson Golden Delicious' 'Mutsu' '8S6923'
mean 39.46 34.10 38.03 38.42
std. deviation 4.21 3.98 5.01 4.43

Fruit height (mm)

  'Golden Alberta' 'Gibson Golden Delicious' 'Mutsu' '8S6923'
mean 68.98 89.60 88.89 73.33
std. deviation 1.93 3.10 1.75 2.65

Fruit diameter (mm)

  'Golden Alberta' 'Gibson Golden Delicious' 'Mutsu' '8S6923'
mean 80.76 90.09 90.57 80.11
std. deviation 2.54 1.96 2.10 1.60

Click on image for larger view
Golden Alberta
Apple: 'Golden Alberta' (top left) with reference varieties 'Gibson Golden Delicious' (top right), 'Mutsu' (bottom left) and '8S6923' (bottom right)

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