Import Conditions for Horses from the European Union Member States for Permanent Stay in Canada: Breeding Horses, Racing Horses, Horses for Riding and Pleasure, Horses for Non-Competitive Entertainment, and Andalusian Horses

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TAHD-DSAT-IE-2011-5-3
April 23, 2015

Amendments

  • A note has been added that Canada does not consider Germany to be free from Glanders anymore.
  • In the section for Glanders, specific certification requirements have been added for Germany.

Note: Canada does not recognize Germany to be free from Glanders anymore. Please refer to the specific section for this disease, below.

The import conditions outlined in this documentFootnote 1, Footnote 2 also apply to the following domestic equids:

  • asses
  • mules; and
  • hinnies

Documentation Instructions

  • Import permit
  • Export certificate:
    • Export certificates of origin must be issued by an official of the exporting country.
    • Export documents must contain all statements and information that are required by the Import permit.

Conditions of Import

Residency

The residency of the horse(s) being presented for importation must be certified as follows:

  • The horse(s) must have been continually resident in the EU, either for a minimum of 60 days immediately preceding export to Canada (any required pre-export quarantine period is in addition to the 60 days of residency) or since birth if the horse is less than 60 days of age.

Disease-Free Status

The disease-free status of any country or zone (as previously approved by the CFIA) must be confirmed:

  • The country or zone, as previously approved by the CFIA, remains free of the following diseases: (list all diseases for which country or zone freedom has been designated, as indicated in the import requirements).
  • The horse(s) must be certified as originating from a country or zone designated free from African horse sickness (AHS) and Japanese encephalitis. These diseases are notifiable in that country or zone, and no restrictive measures are in place on these diseases by the EU or Member State.
  • The horse(s) must be certified as originating from a country or zone designated free from Dourine and Glanders during the six months immediately preceding exportation to Canada. These diseases are notifiable in that country or zone, and no restrictive measures are in place on these diseases by the EU or Member State.

African Horse Sickness

The horse(s) must be certified against AHS as follows:

  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, the horse(s) were not commingled with any horses (including imported horses) that have been in an area where restrictive measures are in place on AHS or in a country or zone where AHS has been diagnosed in the past two months.
  • They have not been vaccinated against AHS within the two months prior to export to Canada.

and

  • The Member State is in full compliance with the relevant EU legislation for this disease.

Dourine

The horse(s) must be certified against Dourine as follows:

  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, the horse(s) have not had contact with any horses (including imported horses) that have been in an area where restrictive measures are, or have been, in place on Dourine during the preceding six months.

and

  • The Member State is in full compliance with the relevant EU legislation for this disease.

Glanders

The horse(s) must be certified against Glanders as follows:

For all Member States (except Germany):

  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, the horse(s) have not had contact with any horses (including imported horses) that have been in an area where restrictive measures are, or have been, in place on Glanders during the preceding six months.

and

  • The Member State is in full compliance with the relevant EU legislation for this disease.

For Germany, the following must be certified:

  • All premises on which the animal(s) have resided in the past 6 months must have been free from clinical and epidemiological evidence of Glanders infection during the 24 months immediately prior to movement of the animal(s) off the premises.
  • The horses must have been tested with a complement fixation test or, where applicable, an alternate test acceptable to CFIA for Glanders, with negative results, on samples taken within the 30 days prior to export to Canada.

During post entry quarantine in Canada, the horses must be retested for Glanders using a complement fixation test negative at 1/5 or, where applicable, an alternate test acceptable to CFIA.

Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis

The horse(s) must be certified against Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) as follows:

  • The horse(s) have not been, during the past six months, in any country or zone in which VEE has occurred in the last two years.
  • They have not been vaccinated against VEE within the two months prior to export to Canada.

and

  • The Member State is in full compliance with the relevant EU legislation for this disease.

Equine Piroplasmosis

The horse(s) must be certified for Equine piroplasmosis (EP) as follows:

  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, the horse(s) have not been on a premises where EP has occurred.

    They must have tested negative for EP using an indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) test or, where applicable, an alternate test for EP that is acceptable to the CFIA, on blood samples taken within the 30 days prior to export to Canada.

  • During post-entry quarantine in Canada, the horse(s) must be retested using an IFA test or, where applicable, an alternate test for EP that is acceptable to the CFIA, with negative results.

and

  • They were maintained free from ticks by preventive treatment, when necessary, during the 30 days prior to shipment.

Equine Infectious Anemia

The horse(s) must be certified against Equine infectious anemia (EIA) as follows:

  • The horse(s) must be certified as originating from a country or zone in the EU where the disease is notifiable.
  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, they have not been on a premises where EIA has occurred, nor has this disease occurred on any adjoining premises during the same period.

and

  • They must have tested negative for EIA using an ELISA test or, where applicable, an alternate test for EIA acceptable to the CFIA on blood samples taken within the 30 days prior to export to Canada.

    During post-entry quarantine in Canada, the horse(s) must be retested for EIA using an ELISA test or, where applicable, an alternate test for EIA that is acceptable to the CFIA, with negative results.

Contagious Equine Metritis

Refer to the appendix.

Identification Requirement

The horse(s) must be identified by:

  • A microchip, of which the number must be recorded on the accompanying export health certificate and on the accompanying official passport.
  • When possible, the microchip number should also appear on other identification documents.

The importer is responsible for providing the CFIA with a reader capable of reading the microchip, unless the microchip is an ISO chip.

and

  • Another recognised (e.g. breed registry, FEI or Equine Canada passport, etc.) means of identification which clearly and uniquely identifies the animal, and includes verifiable visual characteristics (e.g. graphic representation, photo, tattoo, etc.).
  • If there is a unique number associated with the second means of identification (e.g. passport number), it should be recorded on the export health certificate.

Pre-Export Isolation

Pre-export isolation is required as follows:

  • The horse(s) must be certified to have been isolated for the entire time needed to complete all testing requirements, immediately prior to export to Canada, on a premises approved by a veterinary inspector of the central veterinary service of the Member State of origin or a veterinarian officially recognised by the competent authority of that Member State.
  • The horse(s) have remained free from any evidence of infectious and contagious disease during the isolation period.

The required pre-export isolation is not a quarantine. Minimum requirements for pre-export isolation are as follows:

  • Horses in pre-export isolation need to be housed individually (unless they share a stall with a horse going to Canada and meeting Canada’s import requirements).
  • Horses need to have dedicated equipment.
  • No nose-to-nose contact with other equids is allowed during the isolation period.
  • As long as the above conditions are met, exercising and handling of the horse outside the stall, but on the approved premises, is permitted.
  • The isolation can take place where the horse is currently residing as long as the premises have been approved.

Additional Certification

  • The horse(s) being presented for importation must not come into contact with any animals, products, or equipment of a lesser zoosanitary health status during the entire required periods of residency, isolation, transportation to the port of exportation, and loading onto the international transport carrier. The carrier must be instructed to maintain this status throughout transport to the port of entry into Canada.
  • They must be certified as inspected by a veterinarian.
  • They must be certified as inspected and found free from ectoparasites.
  • They must be certified as inspected by an inspector designated for such purposes by the central veterinary service of the country of origin during the 72 hour period immediately preceding export to Canada. They must be found healthy and free from any clinical evidence of infectious disease and, as far as can be determined, exposure thereto. The date of the examination must be stated on the certificate.

Post-Entry Import Conditions

  • The conveyance used to transport the imported horses must be sealed at the port of entry by a CFIA inspector, if the animals are not uniquely identified or if there is any reason for concern about the destination or the route to be taken to that destination.

    CFIA inspectors who seal conveyances must advise receiving District Offices before sealed shipments are anticipated to arrive at the destination. The seals must be removed at destination by, or under the authority of, a CFIA inspector.

  • The horse(s) being presented for importation must be quarantined for the period of time necessary to complete the tests that are required to meet the import conditions.
  • They must be imported into Canada through a minimum-level quarantine facility approved by the CFIA for that purpose. The import quarantine facility must have been previously approved for use as a minimum security quarantine facility by a veterinary inspector who is designated under the Health of Animals Act.

    The facility evaluation shall include the following:

    • location
    • fencing
    • physical structure
    • lighting
    • water supply
    • waste disposal
    • vector and pest control
    • movement of people
    • security; and
    • cleaning and disinfection protocols

    A report that the facility has been approved must have been issued by the CFIA. No animal may be moved from its respective quarantine premises until duly discharged by an inspector who is designated under the Health of Animals Act. On completion of quarantine with negative results on all tests, the animals will be released to the importer and/or owner.

Appendix - Contagious Equine Metritis Conditions

Stallions over Two Years of Age

The horse(s) must be certified as free from contagious equine metritis (CEM) as follows:

  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, they have not been on a premises where CEM has occurred.

and

  • In the country of origin, within the 30 days preceding export, one set of three specimens (swabs) must have been collected from the:

    1. prepuce (sheath);
    2. fossa glandis (same as urethral fossa), including the diverticulum (same as urethral sinus); and
    3. terminal (distal) end of the urethra within 30 days of the date of export to Canada.

    The specimens must have been refrigerated (not frozen) during transport, and cultured for CEM within 48 hours of collection in a laboratory approved by the National Veterinary Service of the country of origin. The specimens must be cultured for at least seven days (starting when the samples are cultured to laboratory media and not when the samples are taken), after which, negative culture results must have been obtained.

    An official copy of the lab report must be attached to the certificate.

Note: The stallions must not have been bred by natural breeding nor collected for the purpose of artificial insemination during the 30 days preceding export, and no manipulation and/or treatment of the reproductive tract (except swab collection) was performed during that time.

Note: If the animal is undergoing any form of antibiotic treatment, swabbing for culture must not commence until a minimum of seven days post treatment.

Note: For a stallion that had a positive result in a previous test for CEM:

  • The stallion must be treated for CEM in a manner approved by the official veterinary services of the exporting country. After the treatment is completed, at least 21 days must pass before the stallion will be eligible to be tested again in accordance with the above-mentioned CEM testing conditions. Negative results must be obtained on swabbing.

and

  • After the test results on swabbing, the stallion must be mated to two test mares. A minimum of three days after mating, each test mare must be tested by culture in accordance with CFIA requirements for swabbing and culture of mares in the country of origin. (Refer to the CEM related import requirements for mares - section Mares over two years of age below - except for the requirements for pregnant mares). After a minimum of 21 days and a maximum of 30 days post mating, each test mare must be tested by a complement fixation (CF) test. There must have been negative test results for culture and CF on the test mares before the stallion can be exported to Canada.

and

  • All treatments and dates of the treatments must be recorded on the health certificate.

During Post-Entry Quarantine in Canada

  • One set of three swabs must be collected from the:

    1. prepuce (sheath);
    2. fossa glandis (same as urethral fossa), including the diverticulum (same as urethral sinus); and
    3. terminal (distal) end of the urethra.

    The specimens must be refrigerated (not frozen) during transport and cultured for CEM within 48 hours of collection. The specimens must be cultured for at least ten days, and negative culture results must be obtained.

Upon receipt of negative results on the swabs collected above, each stallion must be mated by natural service to two test mares that have been previously tested by culture and CF test as follows:

  • Culture: Three sets of three specimens (swabs) must be collected from the mucosal surfaces of the:

    1. clitoral fossa;
    2. clitoral lateral and medial sinuses; and
    3. cervix or endometrium (endometrial swab is only required if the mare is in estrus).

    The three sets of swabs must be performed on three separate days, with a minimum of three days and a maximum of eight days between the three sets of swabs.

    The specimens must be cultured for at least ten days, and negative results must be obtained.

  • Serology: During the period in which swabs are being collected, blood samples must be taken, and a CF test for CEM performed with negative results.

It is important to note that the 2 test mares must be placed into the CFIA pre-approved quarantine facility and tested for CEM, with negative results, Before the importation of the stallion(s). The importer/owner must make the necessary arrangements ahead of time.

The two test mares must be placed in quarantine with each imported stallion and mated.

Starting a minimum of three days after mating, the two test mares must be tested by culture and CF test as follows:

  • Culture: Three sets of three specimens (swabs) must be collected from the mucosal surfaces of the:

    1. clitoral fossa;
    2. clitoral lateral and medial sinuses; and
    3. cervix or endometrium (endometrial swab is only required if the mare is in estrus).

    The three sets of swabs must be performed on three separate days with a minimum of three days and a maximum of eight days between the three sets of swabs for each of the test mares. The specimens must be cultured for at least ten days, and negative results must be obtained.

  • Serology: Blood samples must be taken from the test mares a minimum of 21 days and a maximum of 30 days post mating, and a CF test for CEM performed with negative results.

Any mares for use as teaser mares must undergo the same testing as the test mares with negative results. They must be placed in the quarantine unit when they are established as negative for CEM.

Following the mating with the test mares, the stallion must be treated for five consecutive days as follows:

  • While the stallion is in full erection, the prepuce, penis, including the fossa glandis and urethral sinus, are thoroughly cleaned and washed (with warm water and a mild detergent) to eliminate smegma and all extraneous debris. The stallion's prepuce, penis, including the fossa glandis and urethral sinus, are then packed with an ointment that is effective against the CEM organism (0.2% nitrofurazone).

Mares over Two Years of Age

The horse(s) must be certified as free from CEM as follows:

  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, they have not been on a premises where CEM has occurred.

and

  • In the country of origin, within the 30 days preceding export, one set of three specimens (swabs) must have been collected from the mucosal surfaces of the:

    1. clitoral fossa;
    2. clitoral lateral and medial sinuses; and
    3. cervix or endometrium (endometrial swab is only required if the mare is in estrus).

    For pregnant mares only a) and b) apply.

    The specimens must have been refrigerated (not frozen) during transport and cultured for CEM within 48 hours of collection in a laboratory approved by the National Veterinary Service of the country of origin. The specimens must be cultured for at least seven days (starting when the samples are cultured to laboratory media and not when the samples are taken), after which, negative culture results must have been obtained.

    An official copy of the lab report must be attached to the certificate.

Note: The mares must not have been bred by natural breeding nor artificial insemination during the the 30 days preceding export and no manipulation and/or treatment of the reproductive tract (except swab collection) was performed during that time.

Note: If the animal is undergoing any form of antibiotic treatment, swabbing for culture must not commence until a minimum of seven days post treatment.

and

either

  • The mares have not been artificially inseminated within the 21 days preceding the the 30 days pre-export period during which no breeding or artificial insemination is allowed.

or

  • The mares have been artificially inseminated within 21 days preceding the the 30 days pre-export period during which no breeding or artificial insemination is allowed, and must have obtained negative results by CF testing on blood samples, taken a minimum of 21 days after artificial insemination and not later than 30 days after the artificial insemination.

Note: The above-mentioned serology must be performed in addition to the swabbing.

Note: For a mare that had a positive result in a previous test for CEM:

  • The mare must be treated for CEM in a manner approved by the official veterinary services of the exporting country. After the treatment is completed, at least 21 days must pass before the mare will be eligible to be tested again in accordance with the above-mentioned CEM testing conditions. Negative results must be obtained for the swabbing and the serology.

and

  • All treatments and dates of the treatments must be recorded on the health certificate.

During Post-Entry Quarantine in Canada

Three sets of specimens (swabs) must be collected as follows:

1st set – Swabbing the mucosal surfaces taking a different swab for each:

  1. clitoral fossa;
  2. clitoral lateral sinus;
  3. clitoral medial sinus

2nd set – Swabbing the mucosal surfaces taking a different swab for each:

  1. clitoral fossa;
  2. clitoral lateral sinus;
  3. clitoral medial sinus

3nd set – Swabbing the mucosal surfaces taking a different swab for each:

  1. clitoral fossa;
  2. clitoral lateral sinus;
  3. clitoral medial sinus; and
  4. a 4th swab of the cervix or endometrium.

For pregnant mares, only a), b) and c) apply.

Site d) or the 3rd set: An endometrial swab is only required if the mare is in estrus In such case, an endometrial swab is ideal, however, swabbing of the distal end of the cervix only is acceptable if the swabbing of the endometrium presents difficulties.

The three sets of swabs must be performed on three separate days with a minimum of three days and a maximum of eight days between the three sets of swabs. Only mild soap and warm water must be used, as necessary, to remove excess organic debris of the external genitalia, during the preparation of swab collection for CEM testing in post-import quarantine. The specimens must be refrigerated (not frozen) during transport and cultured for CEM within 48 hours of collection. Negative culture results must be obtained on all specimens. The specimens must be cultured for at least ten days, and negative results must be obtained.

Following collection of all specimens, any organic debris must be manually removed from the clitoral sinuses of each mare. The sinuses must then be flushed with a ceruminolytic agent to ensure that the sinuses have been cleaned and that no debris was left in the sinuses.

For five consecutive days, the external genitalia and vaginal vestibule, including the clitoral fossa and sinuses, are thoroughly cleaned and washed (with warm water and a mild detergent) to eliminate all organic and extraneous debris. Following the above procedure, on each of the five days, the clitoral fossa and sinuses must be filled, and the external genitalia and vaginal vestibule must be coated with an antibiotic ointment that is effective against the CEM organism (0.2% nitrofurazone).

Foals under Two Years of Age

Horses under two years of age must be certified as follows:

  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, the horse(s) have not been on a premises where CEM has occurred.
  • They have never been bred.
  • Breeding of the horse(s) has never been attempted.

and

  • They have never been commingled and left unattended with adult horses of the opposite sex (other than foals left with their dams).

Geldings

No CEM import requirements.

Andalusian Horses from Spain (Stallions over Two Years of Age)

The horse(s) must be certified as free from contagious equine metritis (CEM) as follows:

  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, they have not been on a premises where CEM has occurred.

and

  • In the country of origin, three sets of three specimens (swabs) must have been collected from the:

    1. prepuce (sheath);
    2. fossa glandis (same as urethral fossa), including the diverticulum (same as urethral sinus); and
    3. terminal (distal) end of the urethra.

    These specimens must have been taken on three separate days with a minimum of three days and a maximum of eight days between the three sets of swabs within 30 days of the date of export to Canada. The specimens must have been refrigerated (not frozen) during transport and cultured for CEM within 48 hours of collection in a laboratory approved by the National Veterinary Service of the country of origin. The specimens must be cultured for at least seven days (starting when the samples are cultured to laboratory media and not when the samples are taken), after which, negative culture results must have been obtained.

    An official copy of the lab report must be attached to the certificate.

Note: The stallions must have never been bred by natural breeding nor collected for the purpose of artificial insemination.

No manipulation and/or treatment of the reproductive tract (except swab collection) was performed during the 30 days preceding export to Canada.

Note: If the animal is undergoing any form of antibiotic treatment, swabbing for culture must not commence until a minimum of seven days post treatment.

and

  • Since reaching two years (731 days) of age, the purebred horses being imported must have been continually resident in Spain and it can be certified that:

    • The Asociación Nacional de Criadores de Caballos de Pura Raza Española (ANCCE) – National Spanish Pure Breed Horses Association – can provide records, showing that the horses have not been used for breeding purposes.
    • Each horse has never been on a farm that is exclusively a breeding premises.
    • Each horse has never been bred.
    • Breeding of each horse has never been attempted.
    • Each horse has never been commingled and left unattended with adult horses of the opposite sex.

No post-entry CEM testing is required.

Andalusian Horses from Spain  (Mares over Two Years of Age)

The horse(s) must be certified as free from CEM as follows:

  • During the 90 days prior to export to Canada, they have not been on a premises where CEM has occurred.

and

  • In the country of origin, three sets of three specimens (swabs) must have been collected from the mucosal surfaces of the:

    1. clitoral fossa;
    2. clitoral lateral and medial sinuses; and
    3. cervix or endometrium (endometrial swab is only required if the mare is in estrus).

    The three sets of swabs must be performed on three separate days, with a minimum of three days and a maximum of eight days between the three sets of swabs within 30 days of the date of export to Canada. The specimens must have been refrigerated (not frozen) during transport and cultured for CEM within 48 hours of collection in a laboratory approved by the National Veterinary Service of the country of origin. The specimens must be cultured for at least seven days (starting when the samples are cultured to laboratory media and not when the samples are taken), after which, negative culture results must have been obtained.

    An official copy of the lab report must be attached to the certificate.

Note: The mares must have never been bred by natural breeding or artificial insemination.

No manipulation and/or treatment of the reproductive tract (except swab collection) was performed during the 30 days preceding export to Canada.

Note: If the animal is undergoing any form of antibiotic treatment, swabbing for culture must not commence until a minimum of seven days post treatment.

and

  • Since reaching two years (731 days) of age, the purebred horses being imported must have been continually resident in Spain and it can be certified that:

    • The Asociación Nacional de Criadores de Caballos de Pura Raza Española (ANCCE) – National Spanish Pure Breed Horses Association – can provide records, showing that the horses have not been used for breeding purposes.
    • Each horse has never been on a farm that is exclusively a breeding premises.
    • Each horse has never been bred.
    • Breeding of each horse has never been attempted.
    • Each horse has never been commingled and left unattended with adult horses of the opposite sex.

No post-entry CEM testing is required.

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