Animal Health Status By Disease

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Canada has recognized certain countries as being free from the following transmissible diseases:

These diseases have the potential for very serious and rapid spread, serious socio-economic or public health consequences or are of importance in the international trade of animals and animal products.

The evaluation of a country, or a region(s) or zone(s) within a country is reviewed by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) on a case-by-case basis and is dependent on factors such as the epidemiology of the disease for which the country is being evaluated, the geographical or physical barriers which are present in a particular country or zone within the country, surveillance used in relation to the disease of concern, and the veterinary infrastructure of that country.

The recognition of disease freedom by the CFIA is not solely dependent on the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) status or country self-determination. The CFIA utilizes risk assessment methodology in order to determine if a hazard is present in a country, and to evaluate the risk of transmission of that hazard resulting from the importation of animals, animal products or by-products. Please note that Canada accepts OIE country classification for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) risk categorization.

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