Animal Health Status By Country

The following countries have been officially evaluated by Canada as free of certain diseases listed in the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code.

The evaluation of a country, or a region(s) or zone(s) within a country is reviewed by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) on a case-by-case basis and is dependent on factors such as the epidemiology of the disease for which the country is being evaluated, the geographical or physical barriers which are present in a particular country or zone within the country, surveillance used in relation to the disease of concern, and the veterinary infrastructure of that country.

The recognition of disease freedom by the CFIA is not solely dependent on the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) status or country self-determination. The CFIA utilizes risk assessment methodology in order to determine if a hazard is present in a country, and to evaluate the risk of transmission of that hazard resulting from the importation of animals, animal products or by-products. Please note that Canada accepts OIE country classification for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) risk categorization.

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