Foot-and-Mouth Disease Hazard Specific Plan
1. About this Document

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1.1 Introduction

The diagnostic and management principles contained in this document conform to the Terrestrial Animal Health Code (2011) of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). This plan also draws heavily on the concepts and information found in the Australian Veterinary Emergency Plan (AUSVETPLAN) Version 3.2, 2010 Disease Strategy; the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Foot-and-Mouth Disease Response Plan: The Red Book, November 2010; the New Zealand Technical Response Plan for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (version 9, December 2008); and EU Council Directive 2003/85/EC on community measures for the control of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD).

1.2 Objectives

This Foot-and-Mouth Disease Hazard Specific Plan outlines the response for the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) to undertake, under the authority of the Health of Animals Act (1990), when an outbreak of FMD is suspected or occurs. This hazard specific plan is not a stand-alone document, but part of an overall management plan used by the CFIA to respond to an incursion of an exotic animal disease into Canada.

1.3 Audience

This document is intended to provide CFIA animal health emergency responders with FMD-specific information that is necessary for the control and eradication of the disease in an outbreak. Information about FMD and its epidemiology, as it relates to control activities, is briefly summarized in this document. It is not a comprehensive review of FMD. Readers should refer to current literature if additional information is required.

1.4 Related Documents

The following documents provide information on emergency response organization and procedures related to this strategy:

  • the CFIA Emergency Response Plan;
  • the Meat Hygiene Manual of Procedures, Chapter 9;
  • Foreign Animal Disease Emergency Support [FADES] plans – Area-specific contingency plans and agreements with provincial and industry stakeholders that provide emergency support for FAD eradication;
  • contingency plans as follows:
    • district offices' plans, including AI units, zoos, provincial abattoirs, feedlots, sales barns, and marketing yards (Operations Branch),
    • federal slaughter establishment contingency plans (Operations Branch),
    • the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) Animal Disease Plan,
    • national coordination plans (Import/Export), and
    • industry and stakeholder business continuity plans (e.g. Serecon study 2006)
  • standard operating procedures (SOPs) developed by the following CFIA working groups:
    • diagnostics and surveillance,
    • epidemiology,
    • vaccination,
    • movement and permits,
    • animal health informatics,
    • disposal,
    • compensation,
    • cleaning & disinfection,
    • biocontainment, and
    • destruction;
  • the AAFC contingency plan for FMD;
  • Office of Animal Biosecurity (OAB) fact sheets for FMD;
  • North American Foot-and-Mouth Disease Vaccine Bank (NAFMDVB) Guidelines;
  • Import/Export FMD Outbreak policy/response;
  • National FMD Operating Policy & Procedures for Canadian Animal Health Surveillance Network (CAHSN) Laboratories, version Dec 2008; and
  • the West Hawk Lake Zoning Initiative.

1.5 Amendments and Revisions

The Foot-and-Mouth Disease Hazard Specific Plan should be reviewed regularly by all. Suggestions and recommendations should be forwarded to Dr. Tom Smylie.

1.6 Acknowledgements

This plan was originally drafted in 2003 by Dr. Dorothy W. Geale, BSc (with Honours), PhD, DVM, the then Senior Staff Veterinarian, Foreign Animal Disease, and revised in February 2006 by Dr. Gilles C. Dulac, DMV, MSc, PhD. This 2011 version was updated by Dr. Tom Smylie with contributions by Dr. Dorothy Geale.

The following individuals from the National Centre for Foreign Animal Diseases (NCFAD), Science Branch, are gratefully acknowledged for providing consultation and assistance in the revision process: Dr. Soren Alexandersen, Dr. Chris Kranendonk, and Dr. Zhidong Zhang.

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