A New Regulatory Framework for Federal Food Inspection: Discussion Document
CFIA Food Regulations – Today and Tomorrow

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CFIA is responsible for the enforcement of the CAPA, FIA, MIA, and the food-related provisions of the CPLA and the FDA. These Acts are supported by fourteen regulations:

  • Dairy Products Regulations
  • Egg Regulations
  • Processed Egg Regulations
  • Processed Products Regulations
  • Fresh Fruit & Vegetable Regulations
  • Honey Regulations
  • Maple Products Regulations
  • Licensing and Arbitration Regulations
  • Organic Products Regulations, 2009 (OPR)
  • Livestock & Poultry Carcass Grading Regulations
  • Meat Inspection Regulations, 1990 (MIR)
  • Fish Inspection Regulations (FIR)
  • Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations (CPLR)
  • Food and Drug Regulations (FDR)

While current regulations have served Canadians well, the SFCA presents an opportunity to modernize and consolidate the regulations under CAPA, FIA, MIA, and the food-related provisions of the CPLR to ensure that they are more comprehensive, consistent and reduce duplication and gaps, where possible. The provisions in the FDR, under the FDA, will not change as a result of this exercise.

The proposed regulatory framework will create food inspection regulations with consistent, internationally recognized requirements for all food commodities imported or traded inter-provincially. It builds on the policy direction articulated in the Improved Food Inspection Model on which consultations were concluded in May 2013.

International standards such as Codex Alimentarius and the legislative schemes of other countries, such as Australia and the United States, were also considered to ensure optimal alignment with Canada's key trading partners. CFIA also looked to its own examples of best practices, such as the Food Safety Enhancement Program Manual and CFIA's General Principles of Food Hygiene, Composition and Labelling to identify requirements that should be applied more generally to all food commodities.

The proposed food inspection regulations will be supported by a suite of new guidance documents, including "model systems", which will provide examples of how outcomes could be achieved. The majority of these "model systems" will be drawn from existing CFIA programs and manuals, proven to be effective at addressing hazards, but re-written and presented in more accessible formats for industry. In addition, CFIA is considering new approaches to assist industry to achieve regulatory compliance. Readers are encouraged to review a CFIA discussion document on this issue entitled Compliance Promotion: Formalizing an Approach to Stakeholder Compliance.

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