Canadian Grade Compendium
Volume 3 - Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products

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Table of Contents

Part 1 Grades for Fruit or Vegetable Products Packaged in Hermetically Sealed Packages

Sliced Apples

Grade and Grade Names

1. (1) The grade and grade names for sliced apples packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard (See Volume 9 Import Grade Requirements for grade names used for imported processed fruit or vegetable products packaged in hermetically sealed packages).

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of sliced apples that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good apple flavour and aroma typical of well-ripened apples and a good colour;
  • (c) are in good condition with slices practically uniform in size and shape; and
  • (d) are practically free from core, peel, bruised spots, insect injury and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of sliced apples that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour and aroma typical of well-ripened apples and a fairly good colour;
  • (c) are in fairly good condition with slices fairly uniform in size and shape; and
  • (d) are fairly free from core, peel, bruised spots, insect injury and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of sliced apples that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour and aroma and a reasonably good colour;
  • (c) are in reasonably good condition; and
  • (d) are reasonably free from core, peel, bruised spots, insect injury and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that not more than 20% of the pieces show evidence of core and that not more than 5% of the units are damaged by any of the other defects listed. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good colour" means that the slices both inside and out possess a reasonably good colour characteristic of apples of similar varieties that may show some variation to a partly greyish or pinkish cast, with not more than five units per 2.84 kg (100 oz.) that distinctly stand apart in colour. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good condition" means that the individual pieces possess a tender to crispy texture with not more than 15%, by drained weight, of mushy apples. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform in size and shape" means that not less than 85%, by drained weight, consists of whole or practically whole slices conforming to the size and shape of an apparent original whole unit. (grosseur et forme passablement uniformes)

"good colour" means that the slices both inside and out possess a uniform bright colour characteristic of apples of similar varieties with no units that distinctly stand apart in colour. (bonne couleur)

"good condition" means that the individual pieces possess a tender to crispy texture with not more than 5%, by drained weight, of mushy apples. (bon état)

"normal flavour and aroma" means that the product is free from objectionable flavours or odours of any kind. (saveur et arôme normaux)

"practically free" from defects means that not more than 10% of the pieces show evidence of core and that not more than 2% of the units are damaged by any of the other defects listed. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform in size and shape" means that not less than 95%, by drained weight, consists of whole or practically whole slices conforming to the size and shape of an apparent original whole unit. (grosseur et forme à peu près uniformes)

"reasonably free" from defects means that not more than 30% of the pieces show evidence of core and that not more than 10% of the units are damaged by any of the defects listed. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means that the apples may vary somewhat in colour and may possess a slight, but not markedly brown, pink or greyish cast, with not more than 20 units per 2.84 kg (100 oz.) drained that distinctly stand apart in colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good condition" means that the individual pieces possess a tender to crispy texture with not more than 25%, by drained weight, of mushy apples. (raisonnablement bon état)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the apples in any one container are of one or more like varieties undistinguishable in the hermetically sealed packaged product. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

Apple Juice

Grade and Grade Names

2. (1) The grade and grade names for apple juice packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy and Canada Choice.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of apple juice that

  • (a) possesses a very good apple flavour;
  • (b) contains not less than 11.5% soluble solids;
  • (c) contains not less than 0.35% and not more than 0.70% malic acid calculated in terms of weight by volume; and
  • (d) is practically free from defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of apple juice that

  • (a) possesses a good apple flavour;
  • (b) contains not less than 10.5% soluble solids;
  • (c) contains not less than 0.30% and not more than 0.80% malic acid calculated in terms of weight by volume; and
  • (d) is fairly free from defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free from defects" means that the apple juice possesses one or more of the following defects, namely, a slight amount of sediment or residue of an amorphous or non-amorphous nature, dark particles, particles of seed, and coarse particles of pulp, if these defects do not seriously affect the appearance or palatability of the product. (passablement exempt de défauts)

"good apple flavour" means that the apple juice possesses a normal flavour and odour typical of apple juice that may be more than slightly oxidized or may be more than slightly astringent but is free from objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur de pommes)

"practically free from defects" means that the apple juice possesses a slight amount of sediment or residue of an amorphous nature and not more than a trace of dark particles of residue of a non-amorphous nature but is free from particles of seed, coarse particles of pulp or other defects. (à peu près exempt de défauts)

"very good apple flavour" means that the apple juice possesses a fine, distinct apple juice flavour and a typical fruity odour of well-ripened apples that may be slightly oxidized or slightly astringent but is free from any trace of scorching, objectionable oxidation, any flavour of green fruit or over-processing, or any other objectionable flavour or odour. (très bonne saveur de pommes)

Methods of Determination

(5) Soluble solids in apple juice must be determined by a refractometer uncorrected for acidity

  • (a) at a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius; or
  • (b) at a temperature other than 20 degrees Celsius if the applicable temperature correction is made to the refractometer reading obtained.

(6) The malic acid content in apple juice must be determined by titration, as grams of malic acid per 100 mL of juice, using standard tenth normal sodium hydroxide solution as the reagent and phenolphthalein as the indicator.

Concentrated Apple Juice or Apple Juice Concentrate

Grade and Grade Names

3. (1) The grade and grade names for concentrated apple juice are the same as for apple juice, as set out in section 2, on the basis of single strength juice reconstituted according to the product's label directions.

Methods of Determination

(2) Soluble solids in apple juice must be determined by a refractometer uncorrected for acidity

  • (a) at a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius; or
  • (b) at a temperature other than 20 degrees Celsius if the applicable temperature correction is made to the refractometer reading obtained.

Apple Juice from Concentrate

Grade and Grade Names

4. (1) The grades and grade names for apple juice from concentrate are the same as for apple juice, as set out in section 2.

Methods of Determination

(2) Soluble solids in apple juice from concentrate must be determined by the refractometer

  • (a) uncorrected for acidity at a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius; or
  • (b) if the applicable temperature correction is made to the reading of the scale, at a temperature other than 20 degrees Celsius.

Apple Sauce

Grade and Grade Names

5. (1) The grade and grade names for apple sauce packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy and Canada Choice.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of apple sauce that

  • (a) possesses a very good apple flavour and aroma of well-ripened apples;
  • (b) possesses a good colour, a good consistency and a granular appearance; and
  • (c) is practically free from seed specks, skin, bruised portions, carpel tissue and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of apple sauce that

  • (a) possesses a fairly good flavour and aroma of well-ripened apples;
  • (b) possesses a fairly good colour, a fairly good consistency and a reasonably granular appearance; and
  • (c) is reasonably free from seed specks, skin bruised portions, carpel tissue and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly good colour" means that the apple sauce possesses a fairly uniform typical colour that may be somewhat dull, slightly greyish or slightly pink but is not an "off" colour. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good consistency" means a consistency that when emptied at room temperature from a package to a dry flat surface forms a level mound from which at the end of two minutes there is only a small separation of liquid. (consistance passablement bonne)

"good colour" means that the apple sauce possesses a uniform bright colour free from any tinges of pink and free from discoloration due to scorching, oxidation or other causes. (bonne couleur)

"good consistency" means a consistency that when emptied at room temperature from the container to a dry flat surface forms a gently sloping mound from which at the end of two minutes there is little or no separation of liquid. (bonne consistance)

"granular appearance" means that the apple particles are evenly divided and that the product is definitely granular in appearance and is not pasty or "salvy". (apparence granuleuse)

"practically free" from defects means that the number, size and prominence of the defects present do not more than materially affect the appearance or the eating quality of the product and that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents, there are no more than three pieces of carpel tissue. (à peu près exempte)

"reasonably free" from defects means that the number, size and prominence of the defects present do not seriously affect the appearance or the eating quality of the product and that, for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents, there are no more than six pieces of carpel tissue. (raisonnablement exempte)

"reasonably granular appearance" means that although the product may lack granular characteristics, it is not decidedly pasty or decidedly "salvy". (apparence raisonnablement granuleuse)

Apricots (Whole or Halved)

Grade and Grade Names

6. (1) The grade and grade names for whole or halved apricots packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of whole or halved apricots that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of well-ripened properly processed apricots and a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) have units practically uniform in size and in good condition;
  • (d) are practically free from any stems or from pits if halved; and
  • (e) are practically free from surface blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of whole or halved apricots that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened properly processed apricots and a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) have units fairly uniform in size and in fairly good condition;
  • (d) are fairly free from any stems or from pits if halved; and
  • (e) are fairly free from surface blemishes and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of whole or halved apricots that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour and odour and a reasonably good colour;
  • (c) have units that are in reasonably good condition;
  • (d) are reasonably free from stems and from pits if halved; and
  • (e) are reasonably free from surface blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents there are present not more than four units or 20% by count (whichever is greater) showing surface blemishes in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) in the aggregate. (passablement exempts)

"fairly free from stems or from pits" means that in no package are there any pits, if the apricots are halved, and that no package has more than two short stems for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents in either whole or halved apricots. (passablement exempts de pédoncules et de noyaux)

"fairly good condition" means that 90% of the units are intact, possessing a tender, fleshy texture typical of well-ripened apricots with fairly clean cut edges, if halved. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the apricots possess a fairly bright colour typical of well-matured, properly processed apricots and show only slight browning due to oxidation, improper processing or other causes. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that not more than 20%, by count, of units vary more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) if measured at right angles to the longitudinal axis. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"good condition" means that the units are intact and they possess a tender, fleshy texture typical of well-ripened apricots with clean cut edges, if halved. (bon état)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the apricots are free from objectionable flavours and odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents there are present not more than two units, or 10% by count (whichever is greater), showing surface blemishes in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) in the aggregate. (à peu près exempts)

"practically free from stems or from pits" means that in no package are there any pits, if halved, and that no package has more than one short stem for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents in whole or halved apricots. (à peu près exempts de pédoncules ou de noyaux)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the apricots possess a bright colour typical of well-matured, properly processed apricots free from any brownish colour due to oxidation, improper processing or other causes. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that not more than 10%, by count, of units vary more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter if measured at right angles to the longitudinal axis. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents there are present not more than six units or 30%, by count (whichever is greater), showing surface blemishes in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) in the aggregate. (raisonnablement exempts)

"reasonably free from stems or from pits" means that no package has any pits, if the apricots are halved, and that no package has more than three short stems for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents in whole or halved apricots. (raisonnablement exempts de pédoncules et de noyaux)

"reasonably good colour" means that the colour of not more than 50% of the units may vary with some units showing a deeper or lesser colour from partly immature apricots or from browning due to oxidation and improper processing. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good condition" means that the units may be very soft and not more than 25%, by count, are broken down and mushy. (raisonnablement bon état)

"similar varietal characteristics" means apricots possessing the texture and formation of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

Asparagus (Tips or Spears)

Grade and Grade Names

7. (1) There are three size designations of asparagus tips or spears in a hermetically sealed package with the size designations Small, Medium or Large, set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products.

(2) The grade and grade names for asparagus, tips or spears, packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy and Canada Choice.

(3) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of asparagus tips or spears that

  • (a) possess a very good flavour typical of hermetically sealed packaged green asparagus;
  • (b) possess a practically uniform good colour characteristic of the type of asparagus, and are young and tender throughout with 90% of tip heads compact;
  • (c) have spears that are uniform in size unless labelled "assorted or mixed sizes";
  • (d) are free from readily apparent grit or sand; and
  • (e) are practically free from insect or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

(4) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of asparagus tips or spears that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of hermetically sealed packaged green asparagus;
  • (b) possess a fairly uniform good colour characteristic of the type of asparagus;
  • (c) are tender throughout with fairly compact tip heads;
  • (d) have spears that are fairly uniform in size unless labelled "assorted or mixed sizes";
  • (e) are free from readily apparent grit or sand; and
  • (f) are fairly free from insect or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

(5) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of asparagus tips or spears that

  • (a) possess a normal flavour and odour and a reasonably good colour;
  • (b) are reasonably young and tender with no more than a slight amount of grit or sand; and
  • (c) are reasonably free from insect injury or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(6) The following definitions apply in this section.

"compact tip heads" means that the head structure is practically compact and that head and bracts may be somewhat elongated but not so developed as to be open to the extent of exposing curd-like leaf buds. (extrémités des pointes compactes)

"fairly compact tip heads" means that the heads may show a slight seedy appearance and the head and bracts may be elongated somewhat but not so developed as to give a branching appearance. (extrémités des pointes passablement compactes)

"fairly free" from defects means that not more than four units or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), may show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), and none of those blemishes may materially affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the asparagus possesses a fairly typical green, light-green or yellowish-green colour with not more than 20%, by count, of the spears having the bottom portion white or yellowish in excess of 25 mm (1 inch) in length. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product is free from objectionable flavours and odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that not more than two units or 5% by count (whichever is greater) may show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), and none of those blemishes may materially affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the asparagus possesses a typical green, light-green or yellowish-green colour with not more than 10%, by count, of the spears having the bottom portion white or yellowish-white in excess of 25 mm (1  inch) in length. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that not more than six units or 25%, by count (whichever is greater), may show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), and none of those blemishes may seriously affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means a fairly typical green, light-green or yellowish-green colour with not more than 40%, by count, of the spears having the bottom portion white or yellowish in excess of 25 mm (1 inch) in length. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably young and tender" means that not more than four units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), are coarse or tough when chewed. (raisonnablement jeunes et tendres)

"slight amount of grit or sand" means that amount of sand or grit that is quite noticeable upon chewing or, if the liquid portion of the container is emptied into a smooth bottom metal or glass receptacle, evidence of grit or sand is readily discernible by rubbing a spoon along the bottom of the receptacle. (faible quantité de gravier ou de sable)

"uniform in size" means that on 90% of the spears the diameter of the butt end does not vary more than plus or minus 1.6 mm (1/16 inch). (grosseur uniforme)

Asparagus (Cuts or Cuttings)

Grade and Grade Names

8. (1) The grade and grade names for asparagus, cuts or cuttings, packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of asparagus cuts or cuttings that

  • (a) possess a very good flavour typical of hermetically sealed packaged green asparagus;
  • (b) possess a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) are young and tender with not less than 20%, by count, of tip heads;
  • (d) have pieces that are practically uniform in size not exceeding 38 mm (1½ inches) in length;
  • (e) are free from readily apparent grit or sand; and
  • (f) are practically free from insect or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of asparagus cuts or cuttings that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of hermetically sealed packaged green asparagus;
  • (b) possess a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) are fairly tender with not less than 10%, by count, of tip heads;
  • (d) have pieces that are fairly uniform in size not exceeding 38 mm (1½ inches) in length,
  • (e) are free from readily apparent grit or sand; and
  • (f) are fairly free from insect or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of asparagus cuts or cuttings that

  • (a) possess a normal flavour and odour;
  • (b) possess a reasonably good colour;
  • (c) are reasonably young and tender with no more than a slight amount of grit or sand; and
  • (d) are reasonably free from insect injury or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that not more than four units or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), and none of those blemishes materially affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (passablement exempts)

"fairly tender" means that not in excess of 10%, by count, of the pieces are distinctly fibrous, tough or woody when chewed. (passablement tendres)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the product possesses a typical green, light-green or yellowish-green colour with not more than 20%, by count, of the pieces being white or yellowish-white. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that not more than 20%, by count, of the pieces vary more than plus or minus 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in length. (de grosseur passablement uniforme)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product is free from objectionable flavours and odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that not more than two units or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), and none of those blemishes materially affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the product possesses a typical green, light-green or yellow-green colour with not more than 5%, by count, of the pieces being white or yellowish-white. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that not more than 10%, by count, of the pieces vary more than plus or minus 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in length. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that not more than six units or 25%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), and none of those blemishes seriously affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (raisonnablement exempts)

"reasonably good colour" means a fairly typical green, light-green or yellowish-green colour with not more than 40%, by count, of the pieces being white or yellow-white. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably young and tender" means that not more than four units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), are coarse or tough when chewed. (raisonnablement jeunes et tendres)

"slight amount of grit or sand" means an amount of sand or grit that is quite noticeable upon chewing or, if the liquid portion of the package is emptied into a smooth bottomed metal or glass receptacle, evidence of grit or sand is readily discernible by rubbing a spoon along the bottom of the receptacle. (faible quantité de gravier ou de sable)

"tip head" means any portion of the upper third of the asparagus spear from the tip end and measuring not less than 13 mm (½ inch) in length.

"young and tender" means not in excess of two pieces or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), that are fibrous or show any toughness when chewed. (jeunes et tendres)

(6) Asparagus cuts or cuttings may be packed as Canada Choice grade without the 10% tip heads required by subsection (3) if the product is labelled "without tips" or "tips removed".

Green Beans with Seasoning, Wax Beans with Seasoning, Green Beans (without Seasoning) and Wax Beans (without Seasoning)

Grade and Grade Names

9. (1) There are ten size designations of green and wax beans in a hermetically sealed package or green and wax beans in a hermetically sealed package with seasoning with the size designations Size 1, Size 2, Size 3, Size 4, Size 5, Size 6, Small, Medium, Large or Extra Large, set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products.

(2) Size grading, referred to in subsection (1), applies only to cut, cuts, short cut, short cuts, whole, whole vertical pack, or asparagus style,

(3) The grade and grade names for green or wax beans packaged in a hermetically sealed package that are cut, cuts, shoestring, french style, french cut, short cut, short cuts, whole, whole vertical pack, or asparagus style, and green or wax beans with seasoning that are cut, cuts, shoestring, french style, french cut, short cut, short cuts, whole, whole vertical pack, or asparagus style, are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(4) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of beans that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of young tender beans,
  • (c) have a practically uniform good colour and a good brine;
  • (d) are young and tender; and
  • (e) are practically free from units damaged by mechanical or insect injury, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

(5) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of beans that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of fairly young tender beans;
  • (c) have a fairly uniform good colour and a fairly good brine;
  • (d) are fairly young and tender; and
  • (e) are fairly free from units damaged by mechanical or insect injury, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

(6) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of beans that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour for the maturity of beans;
  • (c) have a reasonably uniform good colour and a reasonably good brine;
  • (d) are reasonably young and tender; and
  • (e) are reasonably free from units damaged by mechanical or insect injury, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

Definitions

(7) The following definitions apply in this section.

"cut" or "cuts" means beans packaged in a hermetically sealed package consisting of pods cut transversely into pieces not more than 50.8 mm (2 inches) in length and not less than 19.05 mm (¾ inch) in length, and may contain shorter end pieces that result from cutting. (haricots coupés)

"fairly free" from units damaged or other defects means that the combined weight of all defects or defective units does not exceed 10% of the drained weight of the units, and that for each 340 g (12 oz.) by drained weight, there are present not more than

  • (a) two pieces of extraneous vegetable matter, exclusive of detached stems;
  • (b) five unstemmed units or detached stems in any combination of them; or
  • (c) 15 units damaged by mechanical or insect injury, or showing any rust spot blemishes. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good brine" means that the brine may be cloudy and may contain a small quantity of suspended material or sediment but not to the extent that the liquid is not translucent. (saumure passablement bonne)

"fairly uniform good colour" means beans that possess a colour that is typical of fairly young and tender green or wax beans and are 80% free from any beans that stand apart in colour from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly young and tender" means that the units, to some extent, have lost their fleshy structure, that the seeds may have passed the early stages of maturity but have not become well developed, are not fibrous, and not more than 10%, by count, of the units show evidence of strings. (passablement jeunes et tendres)

"good brine" means that the brine may possess a slight tint of yellow green to green colour and that no more than a trace of suspended material or sediment is present. (bonne saumure)

"practically free" from units damaged or other defects means that the combined weight of all defects or defective units does not exceed 10% of the drained weight of the units, and that for each 340 g (12 oz) by drained weight, there are present not more than

  • (a) one piece of extraneous vegetable matter, exclusive of detached stems;
  • (b) two unstemmed units or detached stems, or one of each; or
  • (c) 10 units damaged by mechanical or insect injury or showing any rust spot blemishes. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means beans that possess a colour that is typical of young tender green or wax beans and are 90% free from any beans that stand apart in colour from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free from units damaged" means that the combined weight of all defects and defective units does not exceed 15% of the drained weight of units, and that for each 340 g (12 oz.) by drained weight there are present not more than

  • (a) three pieces of extraneous vegetable matter, exclusive of detached stems;
  • (b) eight unstemmed units and detached stems in any combination of them; or
  • (c) 20 units damaged by insect or mechanical injury or showing any rust spot blemishes. (raisonnablement exempts de specimens endommagés)

"reasonably good brine" means that the brine may be dull in colour and cloudy or may possess a noticeable amount of suspended material or sediment. (saumure raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably uniform good colour" means beans that possess a colour that is typical of reasonably young and tender green or wax beans and are 70% free from any beans that stand apart in colour from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur raisonnablement uniforme)

"reasonably young and tender" means that the units may have lost, to a considerable extent, their fleshy texture but are not pithy or fibrous, that not more than 10% of the pods contain large well developed seeds, and that not more than 20%, by count, of the units possesses tough strings. (raisonnablement jeunes et tendres)

"shoestring", "french style" or "french cut" means beans packaged in a hermetically sealed package consisting of pods sliced lengthwise. (haricots paille, genre français or coupés à la française)

"short cut" or "short cuts" means beans consisting of pods cut into pieces 13 mm (½ inch) in length of which not more than 25% vary in length by 6.4 mm (¼ inch) from the basic 13 mm (½ inch) size. (haricots coupés court)

"similar varietal characteristics" means beans of similar shape either of the round type or flat type green or wax beans. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"unit" means an individual green or wax bean or a cut portion of either. (spécimen)

"whole" means beans packaged in a hermetically sealed package packaged whole and not arranged in any definite position in the container. (en gousses)

"whole vertical pack" or "asparagus style" means whole beans packaged in a hermetically sealed package of substantially equal length packaged parallel to the sides of the package. (haricots en gousses bottelés ou genre asperges)

"young and tender", in respect of the degree of development of pods and seeds and the tenderness of the pods, means that the units are full-fleshed for the variety, tender and not fibrous, that the seeds are in the early stages of maturity, and that not more than 5%, by count, of the units show evidence of strings. (jeunes et tendres)

Lima Beans

Grade and Grade Names

10. (1) There are five size designations of Lima beans in a hermetically sealed package with the size designations Tiny, Midget, Small, Medium or Large, set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products.

(2) The grade and grade names for Lima beans packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(3) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of Lima beans that

  • (a) possess a very good flavour typical of young tender beans;
  • (b) possess a practically uniform good colour and a good brine;
  • (c) are tender; and
  • (d) are practically free from loose skins, splits, blemished beans and other defects.

(4) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of Lima beans that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of fairly tender beans;
  • (b) possess a fairly uniform good colour and a fairly good brine;
  • (c) are fairly tender; and
  • (d) are fairly free from loose skins, splits, blemished beans and other defects.

(5) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of Lima beans that

  • (a) possess a normal flavour and odour for the maturity;
  • (b) possess a reasonably good colour and a reasonably good brine;
  • (c) are reasonably tender; and
  • (d) are reasonably free from loose skins, splits, broken or blemished beans and other defects.

Definitions

(6) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means not in excess of

  • (a) 5%, by weight, of loose skins, split beans or broken beans;
  • (b) 2%, by count, of beans showing blemishes caused by discolouration, insect injury or by any other means; or
  • (c) two pieces of extraneous vegetable matter in any one package, but if such vegetable matter is found present, it does not occur in more than an additional 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good brine" means that the liquid may be dull and cloudy but that it contains no more than a moderate amount of sediment. (saumure passablement bonne)

"fairly tender" means a texture typical of fairly young tender beans, which may be quite mealy but not firm. (passablement tendres)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that 50% of the beans possess a typical green colour and of the remainder not more than 25% are white beans. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good brine" means that the liquid may be slightly cloudy but that it contains no more than a small amount of sediment. (bonne saumure)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product is free from objectionable flavours and odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means not in excess of

  • (a) 2%, by weight, of loose skins, split beans or broken beans;
  • (b) 1%, by count, of beans showing blemishes caused by discolouration, insect injury or by any other means; or
  • (c) one piece of extraneous vegetable matter in any one package, but if such vegetable matter is found present, it does not occur in more than an additional 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that 90% of the beans possess a typical green colour, and of the remainder, not more than 2% are white beans. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means not in excess of

  • (a) 10%, by drained weight, of loose skins, split beans or broken beans;
  • (b) 4%, by count, of beans showing blemishes caused by discolouration, insect injury or by any other means; or
  • (c) three pieces of extraneous vegetable matter in any one container, but if such vegetable matter is found present, it does not occur in more than an additional 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (raisonnablement exempts)

"reasonably good brine" means that the liquid or brine may be very starchy but does not contain an excessive amount of sediment. (saumure raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good colour" means that the product may be a variable green colour due to uneven maturity, but not more than 60% are white Lima beans. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably tender" means a texture typical of reasonably young beans, which may be firm or mealy but not hard. (raisonnablement tendres)

"tender" means a texture typical of young tender Lima beans. (tendres)

(7) For the purpose of classifying defects in this section

  • (a) a loose skin is a whole detached bean skin or portions of bean skins aggregating in size that of an average whole bean skin;
  • (b) a split bean is a bean from which a half or more of a cotyledon or the equivalent of a cotyledon has become detached, or pieces of cotyledons aggregating the equivalent of an average size whole cotyledon; and
  • (c) a blemished bean is one that shows visible injury or mechanical damage in the form of discolouration but which does not materially affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product.

Beets (Whole)

Grade and Grade Names

11. (1) The grade and grade names for whole beets packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name of the grade for whole beets that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of fresh young beets and a uniform good colour;
  • (c) are tender;
  • (d) are practically uniform in size not over 38 mm (1½ inches) in diameter; and
  • (e) are practically free from insect or mechanical injury, skin, poorly trimmed beets and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of whole beets that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of fresh young beets and a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) are fairly tender,
  • (d) are fairly uniform in size not exceeding 64 mm (2½ inches) in diameter; and
  • (e) are fairly free from insect or mechanical injury, skin, poorly trimmed beets and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of whole beets that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour and odour and a reasonably good colour;
  • (c) are reasonably tender;
  • (d) are reasonably uniform in size; and
  • (e) are reasonably free from insect or mechanical injury, skin, poorly trimmed beets and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that, for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents, there are present not more than two beets or 25%, by count (whichever is greater), that are defective and they do not in any way materially affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly tender" means that the texture is firm and tender but not hard or unduly soft. (passablement tendres)

"fairly uniform in size" means a size not over 64 mm (2½ inches) in diameter if measured through the centre transversely to the longitudinal axis having a size variation from the largest to the smallest that does not exceed 10 mm (⅜ inch) in diameter. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform colour" means that the beets possess a red colour that is fairly bright, fairly uniform and typical of beets of similar varietal characteristics. (couleur rouge passablement uniforme)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the beets are free from objectionable flavours or odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that, for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents, there are present not more than one beet or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), that is defective and they do not in any material way affect the appearance or eating qualities of the product. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform in size" means a size not over 38 mm (1½ inches) in diameter when measured through the centre transversely to the longitudinal axis having a size variation from the largest to the smallest that does not exceed 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that, for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents, there are present not more than three whole beets or 35%, by count (whichever is greater), that are defective and they do not seriously affect the appearance or eating qualities of the product. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means a reddish colour that may be variable but not grey or black. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably tender" means that the texture may be variable but not tough and coarse. (raisonnablement tendres)

"reasonably uniform in size" means a size that is not over 76 mm (3 inches) in diameter if measured through the centre transversely to the longitudinal axis and that has a size variation from the largest to the smallest that does not exceed 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter. (grosseur raisonnablement uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the beets possess the colour, texture and shape of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"tender" means that the beets are firm and tender, yet readily chewed but not hard and fibrous. (tendres)

"uniform good colour" means that the beets possess a red colour that is uniform, bright and typical of beets of similar varietal characteristics. (bonne couleur uniforme)

Beets (Sliced)

Grade and Grade Names

12. (1) The grade and grade names for sliced beets packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of sliced beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole beets, set out in subsection 11(2), except that

  • (a) the slices are practically uniform in size not exceeding 6.4 mm (2½ inches) in diameter and 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) not more than three slices or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of any skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of sliced beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole beets, set out in subsection 11(3), except that

  • (a) the slices are fairly uniform in size not exceeding 76 mm (3 inches) in diameter and 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) not more than seven slices or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of any skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of sliced beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole beets, set out in subsection 11(4), except that

  • (a) the slices are cut from whole beets not exceeding 89 mm (3½ inches) in diameter and the slices are not more than 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) not more than 10 slices or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of any skin blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly uniform in size" means that 80% of the slices are not less than one-half the width or diameter of the largest slice. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that 90% of the slices are not less than one half the width or diameter of the largest slice. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

Beets (Diced or Cubed)

Grade and Grade Names

13. (1) The grade and grade names for diced or cubed beets packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of diced or cubed beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole beets, set out in subsection 11(2), except that

  • (a) the cubes, not exceeding 10 mm (⅜ inch) in measurement, are 90% free from splinters or irregularly shaped units; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 5% of the total drained weight of all units.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of diced or cubed beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole beets, set out in subsection 11(3), except that

  • (a) the cubes, not exceeding 10 mm (⅜ inch) in measurement, are 80% free from splinters or irregular shaped units; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 10% of the total drained weight of all units.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of diced or cubed beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole beets, set out in subsection 11(4), except that

  • (a) the cubes, not exceeding 10 mm (⅜ inch) in measurement, are 70% free from splinters or irregular shaped units; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 15% of the total drained weight of all units.

Definitions

(5) The following definition applies in this section.

"defective units" include all units damaged by staining, black internal discolouration, scab, poor peeling or trimming and insect or mechanical injury.

Beets (Cut or Quartered)

Grade and Grade Names

14. (1) The grade and grade names for cut or quartered beets packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of cut or quartered beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole beets, set out in subsection 11(2), except that

  • (a) the units, cut from whole beets not exceeding 64 mm (2½ inches) in diameter, are practically uniform in size; and
  • (b) not more than two units or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of cut or quartered beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole beets, set out in subsection 11(3), except that

  • (a) the units, cut from whole beets not exceeding 89 mm (3½ inches) in diameter, are fairly uniform in size; and
  • (b) not more than four units or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of cut or quartered beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole beets, set out in subsection 11(4), except that

  • (a) the units, cut from whole beets not exceeding 114 mm (4½ inches) in diameter, are reasonably uniform in size; and
  • (b) not more than six units or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly uniform in size" means that the beets meet the size variation requirements for Canada Choice whole beets. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that the beets meet the size variation requirements for Canada Fancy whole beets. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably uniform in size" means that the beets meet the size variation requirements for Canada Standard whole beets. (grosseur raisonnablement uniforme)

Beets (Julienne or Shoestring)

Grade and Grade Names

15. (1) The grade and grade names for julienne or shoestring beets packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of julienne or shoestring beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole beets, set out in subsection 11(2), except that

  • (a) the strips are practically uniform in length and not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 5% of the total drained weight of all units.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of julienne or shoestring beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole beets, set out in subsection 11(3), except that

  • (a) the strips are fairly uniform in length and not more than 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 10% of the total drained weight of all units.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of julienne or shoestring beets possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole beets, set out in subsection 11(4), except that

  • (a) the strips are reasonably uniform in length and not more than 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 15% of the total drained weight of all units.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"defective units" includes all units damaged by staining, black internal discolouration, scab, poor peeling or trimming and insect or mechanical injury. (spécimens défectueux)

"fairly uniform in length" means that the aggregate weight of all strips less than 38 mm (1½ inches) in length does not exceed 30% of the total weight of all strips. (longueur passablement uniforme)

"practically uniform in length" means that the aggregate weight of all strips less 38 mm (1½ inches) in length does not exceed 20% of the total weight of all the strips. (longueur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably uniform in length" means that the aggregate weight of all strips less than 38 mm (1½ inches) in length does not exceed 40% of the total weight of all strips. (longueur raisonnablement uniforme)

Blueberries

Grade and Grade Names

16. (1) The grade and grade names for blueberries packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of blueberries possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy berries except that, with respect to condition and freedom from defects, there may be present

  • (a) not more than 10% of the berries, by drained weight, in any one container that are crushed, mushy or broken down; and
  • (b) not more than 3.54 g (⅛ oz.) of harmless extraneous material consisting of any whole or parts of leaves, large stems or twigs, cap stems or clusters and any green or undeveloped berries for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of blueberries possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice berries except that, with respect to condition and freedom from defects, there may be present

  • (a) not more than 20% of the berries, by drained weight, in any one container that are crushed, mushy or broken down; and
  • (b) not more than 7 g (¼ oz.) of harmless extraneous material consisting of any whole or parts of leaves, large stems or twigs, cap stems or clusters and any green or undeveloped berries for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of blueberries possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard berries except that with respect to condition and freedom from defects there may be present

  • (a) not more than 30% of the berries, by drained weight, in any one container that are crushed, mushy or broken down; and
  • (b) not more than 14 g (½ oz.) of harmless extraneous material consisting of any whole or parts of leaves, large stems or twigs, cap stems or clusters and any green or undeveloped berries for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"cap stems" are small stems by which the berries are attached to the branches. (pédoncules)

"cluster" means three or more cap stems with or without berries attached. (grappe)

"condition" refers to the wholeness of the blueberries. (état)

"large stems" refers to the branches of the blueberry plant. (grosses tiges)

"undeveloped berries" are partly dried berries with wrinkled or tough skins. (bleuets non développés)

Strawberries

Grade and Grade Names

17. (1) The grade and grade names for strawberries packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of strawberries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a flavour typical of well-ripened properly processed strawberries and a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) are practically uniform in size and in good condition; and, in the case of a container in which the net quantity of food is 398 mL (14 fl. oz) or larger, are each not less than 22 mm (⅞ inch) in diameter; and
  • (d) are practically free from small cap stems, sepal-like bracts or portions of sepal-like bracts, green or dried berries and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of strawberries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened properly processed strawberries and a fairly uniform colour;
  • (c) are fairly uniform in size and in fairly good condition; and
  • (d) are fairly free from small cap stems, sepal-like bracts and portions of sepal-like bracts, green or dried berries and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of strawberries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour and a reasonably good colour;
  • (c) are in reasonably good condition; and
  • (d) are reasonably free from small cap stems, sepal-like bracts and portions of sepal-like bracts, green or dried berries and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that, for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents, there may be present not more than

  • (a) four berries with stems or sepal-like bracts attached as a result of poor hulling;
  • (b) six partly green immature berries and two dried berries; or
  • (c) three pieces of leaf exceeding 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) or any other visible injury materially affecting the appearance or edibility of the product. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good condition" means that not more than five berries or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), in a container are partly or entirely broken down and mushy. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform colour" means that the colour of the berries is a pink to red, characteristic of well-ripened strawberries, and that not more than 10%, by count, of the berries stand apart from the others in colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that 75%, by count, of the berries in a container do not vary in size more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter measured crosswise at the greatest width. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"good condition" means that not more than two berries or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), in a container are partly or entirely broken down and mushy. (bon état)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents there may be present not more than

  • (a) two berries with stems or sepal-like bracts attached as a result of improper hulling;
  • (b) two partly green, immature berries and one dried berry; or
  • (c) two pieces of leaf exceeding 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) or any other visible injury affecting the appearance or edibility of the product. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the colour of the berries is a bright pink to red characteristic of well-ripened strawberries and that not more than 5% of the berries stand apart from the others in colour. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that 90%, by count, of the berries in a container do not vary in size more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter measured crosswise at the greatest width. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents there may be present not more than

  • (a) six berries with stems or sepal-like bracts attached;
  • (b) eight partly green immature berries and four dried berries; or
  • (c) four pieces of leaf exceeding 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) or any other visible injury seriously affecting the appearance and edibility of the product. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means that the colour is generally typical of fairly well-ripened berries with not more than 20%, by count, of the berries different in colour as a result of being immature or shrivelled and seedy. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good condition" means that not more than 30%, by drained weight, of the berries in a container are partly or entirely broken down and mushy. (raisonnablement bon état)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the berries have the colour, shape and other characteristics of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

Carrots (Whole)

Grade and Grade Names

18. (1) The grade and grade names for whole carrots packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of whole carrots that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of fresh young carrots;
  • (c) possess a uniform good colour;
  • (d) are tender;
  • (e) practically uniform in size not over one inch in diameter; and
  • (f) are practically free from insect or mechanical injury, skin, blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of whole carrots that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of fresh young carrots;
  • (c) possess a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (d) are fairly tender;
  • (e) fairly uniform in size not exceeding 38 mm (1½ inches) in diameter; and
  • (f) are fairly free from insect or mechanical injury, skin, blemishes and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of whole carrots that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour and odour;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good colour;
  • (d) are reasonably tender;
  • (e) are reasonably uniform in size not exceeding 50.8 mm (2 inches) in diameter; and
  • (f) are reasonably free from insect or mechanical injury, skin, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present not more than two carrots or 25%, by count (whichever is greater), that are defective but do not in any way materially affect the appearance or edibility of the product. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly tender" means that the carrots possess a fairly tender texture, are firm but not hard or fibrous nor soft and mushy. (passablement tendres)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the carrots possess an orange-yellow colour that is fairly uniform and typical of carrots of similar varietal characteristics, and not more than one unit per 425 g (15 oz.) package may be somewhat but not distinctly different from the overall colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that

  • (a) no units exceed 38 mm (1½ inches) in diameter; and
  • (b) 90%, by count, of the units do not vary more than 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter from the largest to the smallest and the remaining 10% do not vary more than 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter from the largest to the smallest. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product is free from any objectionable flavours or odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present not more than one carrot or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), that is defective but does not in any way affect the appearance or edibility of the product. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform in size" means that

  • (a) no units exceed 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter (taken at the widest diameter at right angles to the longitudinal axis); and
  • (b) 90%, by count, of the units do not vary more than 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter from the largest to the smallest and the remaining 10% do not vary more than 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter from the largest to the smallest. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present not more than three whole carrots or 35%, by count (whichever is greater), that are defective but do not seriously affect the appearance or edibility of the product. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means that the carrots possess an orange-yellow colour that may be dull but is not an off-colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably tender" means that the carrots are reasonably tender and may possess a few stringy or coarse fibres but are not hard or tough nor soft and mushy. (raisonnablement tendres)

"reasonably uniform in size" means that

  • (a) no units exceed 50.8 mm (2 inches) in diameter; and
  • (b) 90%, by count, of the units do not vary more than 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter from the largest to the smallest. (grosseur raisonnablement uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the carrots possess the colour, texture and shape of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"tender" means that the carrots possess a tender texture typical of young carrots, somewhat firm but not hard, nor soft and mushy. (tendres)

"uniform good colour" means that the carrots possess an orange-yellow colour that is uniform, bright and typical of carrots of similar varietal characteristics and have no units present that distinctly stand apart in colour on a general survey. (bonne couleur uniforme)

Carrots (Sliced)

Grade and Grade Names

19. (1) The grade and grade names for sliced carrots packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of sliced carrots possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole carrots, set out in subsection 18(2), except that

  • (a) the slices are cut at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the carrots and the units are not more than 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness and not more than 38 mm (1½ inches) in diameter; and
  • (b) not more than four units or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of skin, blemishes, insect and mechanical injury and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of sliced carrots possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole carrots, set out in subsection 18(3), except that

  • (a) the units are not more than 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness and are not more than 50.8 mm (2 inches) in diameter; and
  • (b) not more than seven units or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of sliced carrots possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole carrots except, set out in subsection 18(4), that

  • (a) the units are not more than 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness and are not more than 89 mm (3½ inches) in diameter; and
  • (b) not more than 10 units or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

Carrots (Diced or Cubed)

Grade and Grade Names

20. (1) The grade and grade names for diced or cubed carrots packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of diced or cubed carrots possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole carrots, set out in subsection 18(2), except that

  • (a) the cubes, not exceeding 10 mm (⅜ inch) in measurement, are 90% free from splinters or irregularly shaped units; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 5% of the total drained weight of all units.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of diced or cubed carrots possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole carrots, set out in subsection 18(3), except that

  • (a) the cubes, not exceeding 10  mm ⅜ inch) in measurement, are 80% free from splinters or irregularly shaped units; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 10% of the total drained weight of all units.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of diced or cubed carrots possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole carrots, set out in subsection 18(4), except that

  • (a) the cubes, not exceeding 10 mm (3/8 inch) in measurement, are 70% free from splinters or irregularly shaped units; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 15% of the total drained weight of all units.

Definitions

(5) Defective units include units damaged by internal or external discolouration, poor peeling, blemishes and insect or mechanical injury.

Carrots (Julienne or Shoestring)

Grade and Grade Names

21. (1) The grade and grade names for julienne or shoestring carrots packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of julienne or shoestring carrots possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole carrots, set out in subsection 18(2), except that

  • (a) the strips are practically uniform in size and are not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 5% of the total drained weight of all units.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of julienne or shoestring carrots possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole carrots, set out in subsection 18(3), except that

  • (a) the strips are fairly uniform in size and are not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of the defective units does not exceed 10% of the total drained weight of all units.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of julienne or shoestring carrots possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole carrots, set out in subsection 18(4), except that

  • (a) the strips are reasonably uniform in size and are not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of the defective units does not exceed 15% of the total drained weight of all units.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"defective units" means units damaged by internal or external discolouration, poor peeling, blemishes and insect or mechanical injury. (spécimens défectueux)

"fairly uniform in size" means that the strips are cut fairly uniformly with not more than 12  units or 10%, by weight (whichever is greater), less than 25 mm (1 inch) in length. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that the strips are cut uniformly with not more than six units or 5%, by weight (whichever is greater), less than 25 mm (1 inch) in length. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably uniform in size" means that the strips are reasonably well cut with not more than 25 units or 20%, by weight (whichever is greater), less than 25 mm (1 inch) in length. (grosseur raisonnablement uniforme)

Cherries (Red, Sour, Pitted)

Grade and Grade Names

22. (1) The grade and grade names for red, sour, pitted cherries packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of red, sour, pitted cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of well-ripened, properly processed cherries;
  • (c) are practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) are in good condition;
  • (e) are practically free from pits or pieces of pit; and
  • (f) are practically free from blemished cherries showing insect or mechanical injury, hail damage and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of red, sour, pitted cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened properly processed cherries;
  • (c) are fairly uniform good colour;
  • (d) are in fairly good condition;
  • (e) are fairly free from pits or pieces of pit; and
  • (f) are fairly free from blemished cherries showing insect or mechanical injury, hail damage and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of red, sour, pitted cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour typical of properly processed cherries;
  • (c) are reasonably good colour;
  • (d) are in reasonably good condition;
  • (e) are reasonably free from pits or pieces of pit; and
  • (f) are reasonably free from blemished cherries showing insect or mechanical injury, hail damage and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means the red, sour, pitted cherries contain not more than

  • (a) 10%, by count, of blemished cherries with the blemish on the cherry being of abnormal appearance, 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) in diameter or larger, and that not more than 4%, by count, show blemishes in excess of 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (b) 20%, by count, of cherries are mutilated, crushed or broken to the extent that the cherry does not conform to the shape and appearance of a properly pitted cherry; and
  • (c) two pieces of harmless extraneous material for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly free from pits or pieces of pit" means not more than two pits or pieces of pit or two unpitted cherries for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (passablement exemptes de noyaux ou de morceaux de noyaux)

"fairly good condition" means that the cherries are fairly firm and possess a fleshy texture but are not soft or flabby. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that 80% of the red, sour, pitted, cherries possess a colour that is fairly bright and typical of red, sour, cherries that have been properly prepared and properly processed from fairly well-ripened sour cherries, and that not more than 5% of the cherries by count are so immature as to be a pale yellow colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good condition" means that the cherries possess a firm fleshy texture, typical of red, sour, pitted cherries that have been properly prepared and properly processed. (bon état)

"practically free" from defects means that the red, sour, pitted cherries contain not more than

  • (a) 5%, by count, of blemished cherries with the blemish on the cherry being of abnormal appearance, 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) in diameter or larger, and that not more than 2%, by count, show blemishes in excess of 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (b) 10%, by count, of cherries are mutilated, crushed or broken to the extent that the cherry does not conform to the shape and appearance of a properly pitted cherry; and
  • (c) one piece of harmless extraneous material for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically free from pits or pieces of pit" means not more than one pit, piece of pit or one unpitted cherry for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (à peu près exemptes de noyaux ou de morceaux de noyaux)

"practically uniform good colour" means that 90% of the red, sour, pitted cherries possess a colour that is bright and typical of red, sour cherries that have been properly prepared and properly processed from well-ripened red, sour cherries, and that none of the cherries are so immature as to be a pale yellow colour. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that the red, sour, pitted cherries contain not more than

  • (a) 15%, by count, of blemished cherries with the blemish on the cherry being of abnormal appearance, 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) in diameter or larger, and that not more than 6%, by count, show the blemishes in excess of 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (b) 30%, by count, of cherries are mutilated, crushed or broken to the extent that the cherry does not conform to the shape and appearance of a properly pitted cherry; and
  • (c) not more than three pieces of harmless extraneous material for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably free from pits or pieces of pit" means that not more than four pits or pieces of pit or four unpitted cherries are contained in each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (raisonnablement exemptes de noyaux ou de morceaux de noyaux)

"reasonably good colour" means that 50% of the red, sour, pitted cherries possess a colour typical of red, sour cherries that have been properly prepared and properly processed, which colour may range from a brownish cast to mottled shades of brown, and that not more than 10% of the cherries, by count, are so immature as to be a pale yellow colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good condition" means that the cherries possess a reasonably fleshy texture and are not overly soft, tough, very thin fleshed, or leathery in character. (raisonnablement bon état)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the cherries possess the size and shape conformation of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

Cherries (Sweet)

Grade and Grade Names

23. (1) The grade and grade names for sweet cherries packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of sweet cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of well-ripened properly processed sweet cherries;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform good colour characteristic of the varietal group;
  • (d) are firm and thick fleshed;
  • (e) are uniform in size; and
  • (f) are practically free from cracked or misshapen cherries, insect or mechanical injury, blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of sweet cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened properly processed sweet cherries;
  • (c) possess a fairly uniform good colour characteristic of the varietal group;
  • (d) are fairly firm and thick fleshed;
  • (e) are fairly uniform in size; and
  • (f) are fairly free from cracked or misshapen cherries, insect or mechanical injury, blemishes and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of sweet cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour typical of properly processed sweet cherries;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good colour characteristic of the varietal group;
  • (d) are reasonably firm and fairly well fleshed; and
  • (e) are reasonably free from cracked or misshapen cherries, insect or mechanical injury, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly firm and thick fleshed" means that there are not be present more than five soft and flabby cherries or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), per 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents. (chair passablement ferme et épaisse)

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than two cherries or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), misshapen or distinctly different in shape;
  • (b) not more than four cherries or 8%, by count (whichever is greater), damaged by cracks, rain checks in which the flesh of the cherry partly exudes and is exposed; or
  • (c) not more than two cherries or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), showing surface blemishes in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (passablement exemptes)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that although the cherries may be slightly dull in appearance, they are 80% uniform in colour that is characteristic of well-ripened properly processed sweet cherries of either the "light" or "dark" varietal groups. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that 80%, by count, of the cherries are of the most uniform diameter with the largest of the cherries not exceeding the smallest by more than 3.2 mm (⅛ inch). (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"firm and thick fleshed", with reference to the fleshiness and the texture of the cherries in relation to their maturity, means that there are not more than two soft and flabby cherries present or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), per 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents. (chair ferme et épaisse)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than one cherry or 2%, by count (whichever is greater), misshapen or distinctly different in shape;
  • (b) not more than two cherries or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), damaged by cracks or rain checks in which the flesh of the cherry partly exudes and is exposed; or
  • (c) not more than one cherry or 2%, by count (whichever is greater),showing surface blemishes in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the cherries are bright in appearance and are 90% uniform in the colour characteristic of well-ripened, properly processed sweet cherries of either the "light" or "dark" varietal groups. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably firm and fairly well fleshed" means that the cherries may lack firmness and may be somewhat lacking in thickness of flesh but not more than 25%, by count, may be very soft and flabby. (raisonnablement fermes et en état passable de chair)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than four cherries or 8%, by count (whichever is greater), that are misshapen or distinctly different in shape; and
  • (b) not more than four cherries or 8%, by count (whichever is greater), showing surface blemishes in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means that the colour and the blush may be variable and somewhat dull but not an off-colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the cherries are of the "light" sweet varietal group or of the "dark" sweet varietal group as described in subsection (6). (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"uniform in size" means that 90%, by count, of the cherries are of the most uniform diameter with the largest of the cherries not exceeding the smallest by more than 1.6 mm (1/16 inch). (grosseur uniforme)

(6) For the purposes of subsection (5), the varietal groups of sweet cherries are as follows

  • (a) "light" type are of the light sweet varietal group and includes, but is not limited to, such varieties as Royal Anne, Napoleon and Windsor; and
  • (b) "dark" type are of the dark sweet varietal group and includes, but is not limited to, such varieties as Bing and Lambert.

Maraschino Cherries, Creme de Menthe Cherries and Cocktail Cherries

Grade and Grade Names

24. (1) The grade and grade names for maraschino, creme de menthe or cocktail cherries packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of maraschino, creme de menthe or cocktail cherries that

  • (a) possess a normal flavour and odour;
  • (b) possess a uniform bright colour;
  • (c) are whole and of a uniform size not less than 17 mm (⅔ inch) in diameter; and
  • (d) are practically free from spotted, cracked or any blemished cherries.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of maraschino, creme de menthe or cocktail cherries that

  • (a) possess a normal flavour and odour;
  • (b) possess a uniform bright colour;
  • (c) are whole and of a fairly uniform size of not less than 15 mm (⅗ inch) in diameter; and
  • (d) are fairly free from spotted, cracked or any blemished cherries.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of maraschino, creme de menthe or cocktail cherries that

  • (a) possess a normal flavour and odour;
  • (b) possess a uniform bright colour;
  • (c) are whole and broken; and
  • (d) are reasonably free from spotted, cracked or any blemished cherries.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present not more than

  • (a) two cherries or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), that are spotted or blemished in excess of 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter; or
  • (b) four cherries showing cracks that are readily discernible. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly uniform in size" means that 90%, by count, of the cherries are of the most uniform diameter with the largest of the cherries not exceeding the smallest by more than 3.2 mm (⅛ inch). (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product possesses no objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present not more than

  • (a) one cherry or 2%, by count (whichever is greater), of cherries spotted or blemished in excess of 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter; or
  • (b) two cherries showing cracks that are readily discernible. (à peu près exemptes)

"reasonably free" from defects means that not more than 10%, by drained weight, of whole and broken cherries may be spotted or blemished in excess of 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"uniform size" means that the cherries are of a uniform diameter with the largest of the cherries not exceeding the smallest by more than 1.6 mm (1/16 inch). (grosseur uniforme)

"whole and broken" cherries means not more than 75%, by drained weight, of contents in any one package may be broken cherries. (cerises entières et brisées)

Whole Corn or Cut Kernel Corn (with or without Seasoning)

Grade and Grade Names

25. (1) The grade and grade names for whole or cut kernel corn packaged in a hermetically sealed package and whole or cut kernel corn with seasoning packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of whole or cut kernel corn that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a very good flavour typical of young, properly processed sweet corn;
  • (c) possesses practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) is tender and well cut; and
  • (e) is practically free from silk, husk, pieces of cob, blemished kernels and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of whole or cut kernel corn that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a good flavour typical of fairly young, properly processed sweet corn;
  • (c) possesses fairly good colour;
  • (d) is fairly tender and fairly well cut; and
  • (e) is fairly free from silk, husk, pieces of cob, blemished kernels and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of whole or cut kernel corn that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a normal flavour for the maturity of the corn;
  • (c) possesses reasonably good colour;
  • (d) is reasonably tender; and
  • (e) is reasonably free from silk, husk, pieces of cob, blemished kernels and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that the combined defects present do not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product and that there are not more than six kernels with cob tissue attached in 2.84 kg (100 oz.) of drained weight. (passablement exempt)

"fairly good colour" means that the product, while it may lack brightness, is not dull or greyish to the extent that the appearance is materially affected. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly tender" means that the kernels have a fairly tender texture offering only slight resistance when chewed. (passablement tendre)

"fairly well cut" means that the kernels are cut fairly evenly and neatly from the cob and that the product is 90%, by weight, free from torn or ragged kernels. (passablement bien coupé)

"practically free" from defects means that the combined defects present do not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product and that there are not more than three kernels with cob tissue attached in 2.84 kg (100 oz.) of drained weight. (à peu près exempt)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the product is bright and of a colour typical of young, tender corn for the variety. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free from defects" means that the combined defects present do not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product and that there are not more than 10 kernels with cob tissue attached in 2.84 kg (100 oz.) of drained weight. (raisonnablement exempt de défauts)

"reasonably good colour" means that the product may be somewhat dull and greyish but not to the extent that the appearance is seriously affected. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably tender" means that the kernels have a reasonably tender texture offering some resistance when chewed but are not hard or firm. (raisonnablement tendre)

"similar varietal characteristics" means whole or cut kernel corn of one colour variety. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"tender" means that the kernels have a tender texture and are in the milk or early cream stage of maturity. (tendre)

"well cut" means that the kernels are cut evenly and neatly from the cob and that the product is 95%, by weight, free from torn or ragged kernels. (bien coupé)

Cream Style Corn

Grade and Grade Names

26. (1) The grade and grade names for cream style corn packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of cream style corn that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a very good flavour typical of young, properly processed sweet corn;
  • (c) possesses a good colour and a good consistency;
  • (d) is tender; and
  • (e) is practically free from silk, husk, pieces of cob, blemished kernels and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of cream style corn that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a good flavour typical of fairly young, properly processed sweet corn;
  • (c) possesses a fairly good colour and a fairly good consistency;
  • (d) is fairly tender; and
  • (e) is fairly free from silk, husk, pieces of cob, blemished kernels and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of cream style corn that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a normal flavour for the maturity of corn;
  • (c) possesses a reasonably good colour and a reasonably good consistency;
  • (d) is reasonably tender; and
  • (e) is reasonably free from silk, husk, pieces of cob, blemished kernels and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) net weight of product there is not more than

  • (a) 0.5 cubic centimetre (0.03 cubic inches) of pieces of cob;
  • (b) 3.23 cm2 (½ square inch) of husk in the aggregate;
  • (c) three discoloured or blemished kernels;
  • (d) 76 mm (3 inches) of silk when placed end to end, each piece being not less than 13 mm (½ inch) in length; or
  • (e) two kernels with attached cob tissue. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good colour" means that the cut kernels possess a fairly uniform colour and that the product, while it may lack brightness, is not dull to the extent that the appearance is materially affected. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good consistency" means that the product possesses a fairly smooth creamy consistency and if emptied from the package to a dry flat surface may flow just enough to level off to a nearly uniform depth or may be moderately mounded and from which, after two minutes, there may be a slight separation of free liquid. (consistance passablement bonne)

"fairly tender" means that the kernels are of a fairly tender texture offering slight resistance when chewed. (passablement tendre)

"good colour" means that the cut kernels possess a practically uniform colour and the product shows no evidence of any greyness or dullness. (bonne couleur)

"good consistency" means that the product possesses a smooth creamy consistency and when emptied from the package to a dry flat surface forms a slightly mounded mass from which, after two minutes, there is practically no separation of free liquid. (bonne consistance)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) net weight of product there is not more than

  • (a) 0.25 cubic centimetre (0.015 cubic inches) of pieces of cob;
  • (b) 2.42 cm2 (⅜ square inch) of husk in the aggregate;
  • (c) two discoloured or blemished kernels;
  • (d) 50.8 mm (2 inches) of silk when placed end to end, each piece of which is not less than 13 mm (½ inch) in length; or
  • (e) one kernel with attached cob tissue. (à peu près exempts)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) net weight of product there is present not more than

  • (a) one cubic centimetre (0.06 cubic inches) of pieces of cob;
  • (b) 6.45 cm2 (1 square inch) of husk in the aggregate;
  • (c) six discoloured or blemished kernels;
  • (d) 152 mm (6 inches) of dark silk; or
  • (f) five kernels with attached cob tissue. (raisonnablement exempts)

"reasonably good colour" means that the cut kernels possess a reasonably uniform colour and that the product may be rather dull and greyish but not to the extent that the appearance is seriously affected. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good consistency" means that the product possesses a consistency that may be thin but not excessively thin, thick and heavy but not excessively dry or pasty and from which, after two minutes, there may be a moderate but not excessive separation of free liquid. (consistance raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably tender" means that the kernels are of a reasonably tender texture offering some resistance when chewed but are not hard or firm. (raisonnablement tendre)

"similar varietal characteristics" means cream style corn from one colour variety. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"tender" means that the kernels are of a tender texture and are in the early to middle cream stage of maturity. (tendre)

(6) For the purposes of subsection (5), the colour varieties of cream style corn are as follows:

  • (a) golden or yellow; and
  • (b) white, which includes, but is not limited to, such varieties as Crosby and Evergreen.

Corn on the Cob

Grade and Grade Names

27. (1) The grade and grade names for corn on the cob packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of corn on the cob that possesses the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole or cut kernel corn except that the well-filled cobs are evenly cut, properly trimmed and are practically uniform in size.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of corn on the cob that possesses the characteristics of Canada Choice whole or cut kernel corn except that the fairly well-filled cobs are evenly cut, properly trimmed and are fairly uniform in size.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of corn on the cob that possesses the characteristics of Canada Standard whole or cut kernel corn except that the cobs are reasonably well trimmed and are reasonably uniform in size.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly uniform in size" means that all the cobs are cut to the height of the hermetically sealed package to within 16 mm (⅝ inch) from the top and the diameter of the largest cob does not exceed the diameter of the smallest cob by more than 13 mm (½ inch) when measured at its widest part. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"fairly well-filled" means that the cobs are 90% filled with well-developed corn kernels that are in the middle cream stage of maturity. (passablement bien remplis)

"practically uniform in size" means that all the cobs are cut to the height of the hermetically sealed package to within 10 mm (⅜ inch) from the top and the diameter of the largest cob does not exceed the diameter of the smallest cob by more than 6.4 mm (¼ inch) when measured at its widest part. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"properly trimmed" means that the ends of the cob are carefully trimmed so that there is no husk and only a small amount of silk remaining on the cob. (parés d'une manière appropriée)

"reasonably uniform in size" means that all the cobs are cut to the height of the hermetically sealed package to within 22 mm (⅞ inch) from the top and the diameter of the largest cob does not exceed the diameter of the smallest cob by more than 19.05 mm (¾ inch) when measured at its widest part. (grosseur raisonnablement uniforme)

"reasonably well trimmed" means that the ends of the cob are reasonably well trimmed and the amount of husk or silk left on the cob does not seriously affect the appearance or edibility of the product. (raisonnablement bien parés)

"well-filled" means that the cobs are 95% filled with well-developed corn kernels that are in the early milk stage of maturity. (bien remplis)

Fruit Cocktail

Grade and Grade Names

28. (1) The grade and grade names for fruit cocktail packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of fruit cocktail that

  • (a) possesses a very good flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a very good colour typical of each of the fruits in the mixture;
  • (c) possesses good character;
  • (d) is of good maturity and texture; and
  • (e) is practically free from skin, blemishes, discoloured units, staining from artificially coloured cherries and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of fruit cocktail that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a fairly good colour typical of each of the fruits in the mixture;
  • (c) possesses fairly good character;
  • (d) is of a fairly good maturity and texture; and
  • (e) is fairly free from skin, blemishes, discoloured units, staining from artificially coloured cherries and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of fruit cocktail that

  • (a) possesses a normal flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a reasonably good colour typical of each of the fruits in the mixture;
  • (c) possesses reasonably good character;
  • (d) is of reasonably good maturity and texture; and
  • (e) is reasonably free from skin, blemishes, staining from coloured cherries, discoloured units and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that the product is 90% free from units showing skin, blemishes or any staining from artificially coloured cherries. (passablement exempt)

"fairly good character" means that the diced units are fairly well cut and fairly uniform in size and with not more than 20%, by drained weight, of soft and mushy fruit. (caractère passablement bon)

"fairly good colour" means that each of the ingredients possesses a fairly uniform colour characteristic of the fruit; some variation in colour may exist between units but no units of any one fruit may stand more than slightly apart in colour other than because of artificial colour staining. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good" texture means a texture characteristic of well-ripened fruit with not more than three units or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), being distinctly hard but with no gritty pear units present. (texture passablement bonne)

"good character" means that the diced units are cleanly cut, practically uniform in size and with not more than 10%, by drained weight, of soft and mushy fruit. (bon caractère)

"good" texture means a texture characteristic of well-ripened fruit with no units distinctly hard and no gritty pear units present. (bonne texture)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free from defects" means that the product is 98% free from units showing skin, blemishes or any staining from artificially coloured cherries. (à peu près exempt de défauts)

"reasonably free" from defects means that the product is 80% free from units showing skin, blemishes and any excessive staining from artificially coloured cherries. (raisonnablement exempt)

"reasonably good character" means that the diced units are reasonably well cut, reasonably uniform in size and with not more than 30%, by drained weight, of broken down or mushy fruit. (caractère raisonnablement bon)

"reasonably good colour" means that each of the ingredients possesses a reasonably uniform colour for the fruit; the colour of the unit may vary but the overall appearance is not dark or greyish in colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good" texture means a texture characteristic of well-ripened fruit with not more than 10 units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), that are hard and immature. (texture raisonnablement bonne)

"very good colour" means that each of the ingredients possesses a practically uniform bright colour characteristic of the fruit and having little or no variation in colour between units of each fruit apart from some very slight colour staining from artificially coloured cherries. (bonne couleur)

Fruits for Salad

Grade and Grade Names

29. The grades and grade names for fruits for salad packaged in a hermetically sealed package, are the same as for fruit cocktail, set out in section 28, except for the nature of cut and the uniformity of count and size of the units.

Fruit Salad

Grade and Grade Names

30. The grades and grade names for fruit salad packaged in a hermetically sealed package, are the same as for fruit cocktail, set out in section 28.

Mixed Vegetables (Macedoine)

Grade and Grade Names

31. If the grades for mixed vegetables (Macedoine), are declared, the grade names for those grades are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard, graded on the basis of the respective vegetables that enter into its composition.

Mushrooms, Whole Mushrooms, Button Mushrooms, Sliced Button Mushrooms and Sliced Mushrooms

Grade and Grade Names

32. (1) The grade and grade names for button, sliced button, sliced, or whole mushrooms packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of button mushrooms or sliced button mushrooms that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of properly processed button mushrooms;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform good colour and a good brine;
  • (d) are young and tender;
  • (e) are practically uniform in size; and
  • (f) are practically free from discolouration, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of whole mushrooms, button mushrooms or sliced mushrooms that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of properly processed mushrooms;
  • (c) possess a fairly uniform good colour and a fairly good brine;
  • (d) are fairly young and tender;
  • (e) are fairly uniform in size; and
  • (f) are fairly free from discolouration, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of whole mushrooms or sliced mushrooms that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour typical of properly processed mushrooms;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good colour and a reasonably good brine;
  • (d) are reasonably tender;
  • (e) are reasonably uniform in size; and
  • (f) are reasonably free from discolouration, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"button mushrooms" are mushrooms with veils completely closed and stems removed immediately below the veil. (champignons en boutons)

"fairly free" from defects means that, for each package containing 10 to 20 mushrooms, there are present not more than three defective units showing discolouration, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury, not more than five defective units in a package containing 21 to 40 mushrooms, and not more than seven defective units in a package containing over 40 mushrooms. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good brine" means a brine that is light in colour and fairly clear with only a slight amount of sediment noticeable. (saumure passablement bonne)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the mushrooms possess a good natural colour and while some colour variation may be present, not more than four units in any one container may be distinctly different in colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that the diameter of the largest cap does not exceed the diameter of the smallest cap by more than 6.4 mm (¼ inch). (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"fairly young and tender" means that the mushrooms are of a fairly tender texture with not more than four units in any one package of a fibrous and rubbery nature and, with respect to whole or button mushrooms, 75%, by count, with completely closed veils. (passablement jeunes et tendres)

"good brine" means a brine that is clear and light in colour. (bonne saumure)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product is free from any objectionable flavour or objectionable odour of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that, in a package containing 10 to 20 mushrooms, there are present not more than two defective units showing discolouration, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury, not more than three defective units in a package containing 21 to 40 mushrooms, and not more than four defective units in a package containing over 40 mushrooms. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the mushrooms possess a good natural colour typical of the variety and while there may be some slight variation in colour present, such variation is not distinctly noticeable in a general survey. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that the diameter of the largest cap does not exceed the diameter of the smallest cap by more than 3.2 mm (⅛ inch). (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each package containing 10 to 20 mushrooms there are present not more than seven defective units showing discolouration, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury, not more than 10 defective units in a package containing 21 to 40 mushrooms, and not more than 15 defective units in a package containing over 40 mushrooms. (raisonnablement exempts)

"reasonably good brine" means a brine that is a light to medium brownish colour but is not an off-colour and contains a moderate amount of sediment. (saumure raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good colour" means that the colour may be dull and variable but not dark grey or black. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably tender" means that the mushrooms are of a reasonably tender texture free from any distinctly fibrous or rubbery units. (raisonnablement tendres)

"reasonably uniform in size" means that the diameter of the largest cap does not exceed the diameter of the smallest cap by more than 10 mm (⅜ inch). (grosseur raisonnablement uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the mushrooms are of one colour variety: white or cream, or brown. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"sliced button mushrooms" are button mushrooms sliced parallel to the longitudinal axis. (champignons en boutons tranchés)

"sliced mushrooms" are whole mushrooms sliced parallel to the longitudinal axis. (champignons tranchés)

"unit" means an individual mushroom or a portion of mushroom in hermetically sealed packaged mushrooms. (spécimen)

"whole mushrooms" are mushrooms with attached stems, the length of which does not exceed the diameter of the cap. (champignons entiers)

"young and tender" means a tender texture free from fibrous or rubbery units and in respect of button mushrooms with veils completely closed. (jeunes et tendres)

Peaches (Whole, Halved, Sliced, Diced or Quartered)

Grade and Grade Names

33. (1) The grade and grade names for whole, halved, sliced, diced or quartered peaches packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard. The grades for peaches outlined in this section apply to both freestone and clingstone type peaches.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of peaches that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of well-ripened peaches;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) have units that are practically uniform in size and in good condition; in the case of halves or quarters, no peaches under 50.8 mm (2 inches) in diameter are packaged in a container in which the net quantity of food is 398 mL (14 fl. oz) or larger; no peaches under 45 mm (1 ¾ inches) in diameter are packaged in any size container; sliced and diced peaches are exempted with regard to size requirements;
  • (e) if halved, sliced, diced or quartered are free from pits or portions of pit; and
  • (f) are practically free from stems, peel, bruised spots, hail damage, insect injury or mechanical injury and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of peaches that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened peaches;
  • (c) possess a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (d) have units that are fairly uniform in size and in fairly good condition; in the case of halves or quarters, no peaches under 45 mm (1 ¾ inches) in diameter are used; sliced and diced peaches are exempt in regard to size requirements;
  • (e) if halved, sliced, diced or quartered are free from pits or portions of pit; and
  • (f) are fairly free from stems, peel, bruised spots, hail damage, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of peaches that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour typical of well-ripened peaches;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good colour;
  • (d) have units that are in reasonably good condition;
  • (e) if halved, sliced, diced or quartered are practically free from pits or portions of pit; and
  • (f) are reasonably free from stems, peel, bruised spots, hail damage, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"diced" peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut into approximate cubes. (en dés)

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 6.45 cm2 (1 square inch) of peel in aggregate, either attached to the flesh of the peach or floating in the syrup;
  • (b) not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing mechanical damage resulting from trimming the peach in which the cutting was over and above that required to half or quarter the peach; or
  • (c) not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), showing discoloured bruising, hail damage or insect injury in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good condition" means that the units possess a texture typical of mature, well-ripened peaches, some definite softening and fraying of the cut edges may be present and with respect to

  • (a) halves or quarters not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), are decidedly soft and flattened out while still retaining their normal shape;
  • (b) sliced peaches, 65% of the slices are well formed and intact with not more than 35% having slivers or broken down pieces; and
  • (c) diced peaches, not more than 20%, by drained weight, of broken down and mushy fruit. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the units possess a fairly bright colour typical of mature, well-ripened peaches that have been properly prepared and which show only some slight browning due to oxidation, improper processing or other causes; in addition, not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), may show a deeper or lesser colour that is readily discernible but no unit is so immature as to be of a distinct greenish colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" with respect to whole, halved or quartered peaches means that not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), vary more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter if measured across the inside center on the shortest axis. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"free from pits or portions of pit" means that if a pit or any pit material is found present in any one package, no further evidence of pit material occurs in an additional 2.84 kg (100 oz.) of net contents. (exemptes de noyaux ou de parties de noyaux)

"good condition" means that the units possess a tender, fleshy texture typical of mature, well-ripened peaches with clean cut edges and, with respect to

  • (a) halves or quarters, not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of definite softening or fraying of edges on the inside cup of the peach half or quarter;
  • (b) sliced peaches, 85% of the slices are well formed and intact with not more than 15% having slivers or broken down pieces; and
  • (c) diced peaches, not more than 10%, by drained weight, of broken down and mushy fruit. (bon état)

"halves" or "halved" peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut approximately in half along the suture from stem to apex. (en moitiés)

"normal flavour" means that the peaches are free from objectionable flavours of any kind. (saveur normale)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 3.23 cm2 (½ square inch) of peel in aggregate either attached to the flesh of the peach or floating in the syrup; or
  • (b) not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing discoloured blemishes, hail damage or insect injury in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (à peu près exemptes)

"practically free from pits or portions of pits" means that if a pit or any pit material is found present in any one package, no further evidence of pit material may occur in an additional 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (à peu près exemptes de noyaux ou de morceaux de noyaux)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the units possess a bright colour typical of mature, well-ripened peaches that have been properly prepared and are free from any slight brownish colour due to oxidation, improper processing or other causes. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" with respect to whole, halved or quartered peaches means that not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), varies more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter if measured across the inside centre on the shortest axis. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"quarters" or "quartered" peaches are halved peaches cut into two approximately equal parts. (en quartiers)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) one stem or portion of a stem;
  • (b) not more than 12.9 cm2 (2 square inches) of peel in the aggregate, either attached to the flesh of the peach or floating in the syrup;
  • (c) not more than four units or 40%, by count (whichever is greater), showing heavy discoloured bruising, hail damage or insect injury in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch); or
  • (d) hail damage, insect or mechanical injury but not to the extent that the appearance and eating quality of the product is seriously affected. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means that the colour may vary up to 50% with units showing a deeper or lesser colour that is readily discernible as a result of immature peaches or from browning due to oxidation, if that discolouration does not seriously affect the appearance of the product. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good condition", with respect to

  • (a) peach halves or quarters, means that the units may be excessively frayed at the edges and quite soft but not cut into and trimmed to the extent that their normal shape is not retained;
  • (b) sliced peaches, means that 50% of the slices are fairly well formed and intact; and
  • (c) diced peaches, means not more than 30%, by drained weight, of broken down and mushy fruit. (raisonnablement bon état)

"similar varietal characteristics" means peaches that possess the texture and formation of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"slices" or "sliced" peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut into sectors smaller than quarters. (en tranches or tranchées)

"sliver" means a unit that is substantially smaller than the general size of slices and does not conform to the general shape of slices. (éclat)

"unit" means an individual half, slice, quarter, cube or a whole peach in hermetically sealed packaged peaches. (spécimen)

"whole" peaches are peeled, unpitted, whole peaches with stems removed. (entières)

Pears (Whole, Halved, Sliced, Diced or Quartered)

Grade and Grade Names

34. (1) The grade and grade names for whole, halved, sliced, diced or quartered pears packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of pears that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of well-ripened pears for the variety;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform good colour and a fleshy tender texture;
  • (d) have units that are in good condition;
  • (e) are practically uniform in size, free from seed cells or carpel tissue; in the case of halves or quarters, no pears under 50.8 mm (2 inches) in diameter are packaged in a container in which the net quantity of food is 398 mL (14 fl. oz) or larger; in the case of whole, no pears under 45 mm (1¾ inches) in diameter are packaged in any size container; sliced pears and diced pears are exempt in regard to size requirements; and
  • (f) are practically free from skin, bruised spots, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of pears that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened pears for the variety;
  • (c) possess a fairly uniform good colour and a fleshy tender texture;
  • (d) have units that are in fairly good condition;
  • (e) are fairly uniform in size; in the case of halves or quarters, no pears under 45 mm (1¾ inches) in diameter are used; diced pears and sliced pears are exempt in regard to size requirements;
  • (f) are practically free from seed cells or carpel tissue; and
  • (g) are fairly free from skin, bruised spots, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of pears that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour and odour;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good colour, and a reasonably tender texture;
  • (d) have units that are in reasonably good condition;
  • (e) are reasonably uniform in size, fairly free from seed cells or carpel tissue; and
  • (f) are reasonably free from skin, bruised spots, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"diced" pears are peeled pears with cores and stems removed and cut into approximate cubes. (en dés)

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing any noticeable carpel tissue or any seed cells;
  • (b) not more than 3.23 cm2 (½ square inch) of skin in the aggregate, either attached to the flesh of the pear or floating in the syrup; or
  • (c) not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), showing discoloured bruising, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good condition" means that the pear units are intact and quite pliable but firm enough to possess fairly clean-cut edges with only a slight visible breakdown of the flesh. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the pear units possess a fairly uniform colour and have no more than a slight variation from the typical white or light yellow-white colour, and not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), show any evidence of slight browning or pinkish discolouration due to oxidation or improper processing. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" with respect to whole, halved or quartered pears means that not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), may vary more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter if measured at right angles to the longitudinal axis at the widest part. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"fleshy tender texture" means the fruit possesses a tender texture free from noticeable graininess or toughness. (texture charnue et tendre)

"good condition" means that the pear units are uniformly intact and are fairly pliable but firm enough to possess clean-cut edges with no visible breakdown of the flesh. (bon état)

"halved" pears are peeled pears with cores and stems removed and cut longitudinally from stem to calyx into approximate halves. (en moitiés)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product possesses no objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) virtually no seed cells or carpel tissue;
  • (b) not more than 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) of skin in the aggregate either attached to the flesh of the pear or floating in the syrup; or
  • (c) not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing discoloured bruising, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the pear units individually and collectively possess a practically uniform colour that is typical white or light yellow-white with no discolouration or browning due to oxidation or improper processing. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" with respect to whole, halved or quartered pears means not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), varies more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter measured at the widest part at right angles to the longitudinal axis. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"quartered" pears are peeled pears with cores and stems removed and cut longitudinally from stem to calyx into approximate quarters. (en quartiers)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), with a completely intact seed cell;
  • (b) not more than 6.45 cm2 (1 square inch) of skin in the aggregate, either attached to the flesh of the pear or floating in the syrup;
  • (c) not more than four units or 40%, by count (whichever is greater), showing discoloured bruises or blemishes in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch); or
  • (d) units showing insect or mechanical injury but not to the extent that it seriously affects the appearance and eating quality of the product. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means that the units possess a reasonably uniform colour that may have a slightly pink or brownish cast but are not a deep pinkish or brownish off-colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good condition" with respect to

  • (a) pear halves or quarters means that the units may be somewhat frayed at the edges and partly trimmed but not cut to the extent that their normal shape is not retained; and
  • (b) sliced or diced pears, not more than 20%, by drained weight, may be broken down and mushy fruit. (raisonnablement bon état)

"reasonably tender texture" means that the texture may be variable ranging from soft with some breakdown of the flesh to quite firm, but no hard units from immature pears must be present. (texture raisonnablement tendre)

"similar varietal characteristics" means pears that possess the texture and formation of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"sliced" pears are halved pears sliced longitudinally. (en tranches)

"unit" means an individual half, slice, quarter, cube or a whole pear in hermetically sealed packaged pears. (spécimen)

"whole" pears are whole peeled pears, with or without stems removed. (entières)

Plums and Prune Plums

Grade and Grade Names

35. (1) The grade and grade names for plums (including prune plums) packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of plums that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of well-ripened properly processed plums;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) are in good condition;
  • (e) are practically uniform in size;
  • (f) are practically free from stems, loose pits, surface blemishes and other defects; and
  • (g) in the case of plums, are at least 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter, and in the case of prune plums, are at least 29 mm (1 ⅛ inches) in diameter.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of plums that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened properly processed plums;
  • (c) possess a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (d) are in fairly good condition;
  • (e) are fairly uniform in size;
  • (f) are fairly free from stems, loose pits, surface blemishes and other defects; and
  • (g) are at least 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of plums that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour and odour;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good colour;
  • (d) are in reasonably good condition; and
  • (e) are reasonably free from stems, loose pits, surface blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) not more than one loose pit per 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents;
  • (b) not more than one stem or small leaf per 850 g (30 oz.) of net contents; or
  • (c) not more than two units or 6%, by count (whichever is greater), showing surface blemishes such as sunburn or scab in excess of 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good condition" means that the plums are fairly thick fleshed and tender and remain substantially whole with not more than 10%, by count, of the units crushed or broken; skin cracks or splits which do not expose the pit cavity may be present. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the plums possess a fairly uniform bright colour typical of well-ripened plums of a single varietal group and that not more than 20%, by count, may possess an overall "dead brown" colour in purple plums; characteristic mottling on the skin for the varietal group is considered as typical colour and not as lacking in uniformity of colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that the plums from the largest to the smallest in any one container do not vary more than 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"good condition" means that the plums are thick fleshed and tender; they may be soft but still hold their apparent original conformation with only minor cracks or splits in the skin evident. (bon état)

"practically free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) not more than one loose pit per 850 g (30 oz.) of net contents;
  • (b) not more than one stem, leaf or part thereof per 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents; or
  • (c) not more than one unit or 3%, by count (whichever is greater), showing surface blemishes such as sunburn or scab in excess of 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the plums possess a practically uniform bright colour typical of well-ripened plums of a single varietal group; characteristic mottling on the skin for the varietal group is considered as typical colour and not as lacking in uniformity of colour. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that the plums from the largest to the smallest in any one container do not vary more than 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) not more than two loose pits per 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents;
  • (b) not more than one stem or small leaf per 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents; or
  • (c) not more than four units or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing surface blemishes such as sunburn or scab in excess of 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means that the plums possess a colour of at least fairly well-matured plums of a single varietal group, which may be markedly variable including an overall "dead brown" colour in purple plums, but are not an off-colour for any reason. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good condition" means that the plums may be very soft, badly split or cracked but with not more than 25%, by count, of units crushed or broken. (raisonnablement bon état)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the plums or prune plums in any one package are of one or more like varieties in the same varietal group. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

(6) For the purposes of subsection (5) the varietal groups of plums are as follows:

  • (a) purple plum group;
  • (b) green plum group; and
  • (c) yellow egg plum group.

Peas

Grade and Grade Names

36. (1) There are eight size designations of peas in a hermetically sealed package with the size designations Size 1, Size 2, Size 3, Size 4, Size 5, Small, Medium or Large as set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products.

(2) The grade and grade names for peas packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(3) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of peas that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform good colour and good brine;
  • (d) are tender; and
  • (e) are practically free from loose skins, splits, broken peas, spotted or otherwise discoloured peas, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

(4) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of peas that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour;
  • (c) possess a fairly uniform good colour and fairly good brine;
  • (d) are fairly tender; and
  • (e) are fairly free from loose skins, splits, broken peas, spotted or otherwise discoloured peas, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

(5) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of peas that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a fairly good flavour;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good colour and a reasonably good brine;
  • (d) are reasonably tender; and
  • (e) are reasonably free from loose skins, splits, broken peas, spotted or otherwise discoloured peas, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

Definitions

(6) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) in approximately 1.42 kg (50 oz.) of net contents not more than one piece or pieces of vegetable material common to the pea plant having an aggregate area of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch), not more than one thistle bud or other spherical piece of vegetable matter from other plants and not more than one cylindrical piece or pieces of vegetable material from other plants exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in length in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than a combined total of 7%, by count of broken peas, split peas or loose skins except that in the case of Sizes 1 and 2 or a blend of those sizes as set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products, not more than a combined total of 15%, by count of peas; and
  • (c) not more than 0.75%, by count, of spotted or otherwise discoloured peas. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good brine" means that the brine surrounding the peas may be slightly cloudy with no more than a small quantity of suspended material or sediment present. (saumure passablement bonne)

"fairly good flavour" means that the product has a characteristic normal flavour and odour for the maturity of the peas and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur passablement bonne)

"fairly tender" means a fairly tender texture of peas that may be slightly mealy but not firm and the skins of not more than 5%, by count, of the peas may be ruptured to a width of 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) or more. (passablement tendres)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the peas possess a fairly uniform colour typical of the type or variety and are 90% free from peas that stand apart in colour from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good brine" means that the brine surrounding the peas is practically clear and, while it may possess a slight tint of green, shows no evidence of cloudiness. (bonne saumure)

"good flavour" means that the product has a good characteristic normal flavour and odour of young tender peas. (bonne saveur)

"practically free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) in approximately 2.84 kg (100 oz.) of net contents not more than one piece or pieces of vegetable material common to the pea plant having an aggregate area of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch), not more than one thistle bud or other spherical piece of vegetable matter from other plants and not more than one cylindrical piece or pieces of vegetable material from other plants exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in length in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than a combined total of 5%, by count, of broken peas, split peas or loose skins except that in the case of Sizes 1 and 2 as set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products or a blend of those sizes, not more than a combined total of 10%, by count, of such peas; and
  • (c) not more than 0.5% , by count, of spotted or otherwise discoloured peas. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the peas possess a practically uniform colour typical of the type or variety and are virtually free from any peas that stand apart in colour from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) in approximately 850 g (30 oz.) of net contents not more than one piece or pieces of vegetable material common to the pea plant having an aggregate area of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch), not more than one thistle bud or other spherical piece of vegetable matter from other plants and not more than one cylindrical piece or pieces of vegetable material from other plants exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in length in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than a combined total of 10%, by count, of broken peas, split peas or loose skins except that in the case of Sizes 1 and 2 as set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products or a blend of those sizes, not more than a combined total of 20%, by count, of peas; and
  • (c) not more than 1%, by count, of spotted or otherwise discoloured peas. (raisonnablement exempts)

"reasonably good brine" means that the brine may be cloudy and dull but not an off colour and may possess a noticeable accumulation of sediment. (saumure raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good colour" means that the peas may show some variation in colour but are 75% free from peas that stand apart in colour from the overall colour appearance of the product. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably tender" means a reasonably tender texture of peas which may be mealy and rather firm but not hard or ripe and that the skins of not more than 25%, by count, of peas may be ruptured to a width of 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) or more. (raisonnablement tendres)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the peas possess the colour and shape of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"tender" means a tender texture typical of very young peas. (tendres)

(7) For the purpose of classifying defects in subsection (6),

"broken pea" means one which, while having little or none of its interior substance separated from it, is crushed or broken from the natural shape but does not include skins and cracked peas which do not materially affect the shape of the pea. (pois brisé)

"loose skin" means a whole detached pea skin or portions of detached pea skin aggregating the approximate equivalent of an average size whole pea skin. (peau lâche)

"split pea" means one from which a cotyledon or a large portion of a cotyledon has become detached or two whole detached cotyledons or pieces of detached cotyledons aggregating the size of an average pea and which can be counted as one. (pois fendu)

"spotted pea" means one which has discoloured markings on its surface distinctly setting it apart from other peas in the container. (pois tacheté)

(8) For the purposes of subsection (6), the varietal groups of peas are as follows:

  • (a) "early peas" are peas of early maturing or other smooth skin varieties; and
  • (b) "sweet peas" or "late peas" are peas of late maturing, sweet, wrinkled varieties.

Peas and Carrots, Carrots and Peas

Grade and Grade Names

37. The grades and grade names for peas and carrots or carrots and peas packaged in a hermetically sealed package, are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard, graded on the basis of the peas and diced carrots for which grades are established in this Part, as set out in section 36 and section 20, respectively.

White Potatoes (Whole)

Grade and Grade Names

38. (1) There are five size designations of whole white potatoes in a hermetically sealed package with the size designations Tiny, Midget, Small, Medium or Large as set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products.

(2) The grade and grade names for whole white potatoes packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(3) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of whole white potatoes that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour and odour typical of fresh potatoes;
  • (c) possess a good colour and a good texture;
  • (d) are practically uniform in size unless labelled "assorted sizes" or "mixed sizes"; and
  • (e) are practically free from skin, untrimmed eyes, mechanical or insect injury and other defects.

(4) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of whole white potatoes that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour and odour typical of fresh potatoes;
  • (c) possess a fairly good colour and a fairly good texture;
  • (d) are fairly uniform in size unless labelled "assorted sizes" or "mixed sizes";
  • (e) are fairly free from skin, untrimmed eyes, mechanical or insect injury and other defects; and
  • (f) have a maximum size of 50.8 mm (2 inches) in diameter with not more than two potatoes in any one package exceeding that size by 6.4 mm (¼ inch).

(5) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of whole white potatoes that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a normal flavour and odour;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good colour and a reasonably good texture;
  • (d) are reasonably uniform in size unless labelled "assorted sizes" or "mixed sizes";
  • (e) are reasonably free from skin, untrimmed eyes, mechanical or insect injury and other defects; and
  • (f) have a maximum size of 64 mm (2½ inches) in diameter with not more than two potatoes in any one package exceeding that size by 6.4 mm (¼ inch).

Definitions

(6) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 3.23 cm2 (½ square inch), in the aggregate, of skin; or
  • (b) not more than three units or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), showing evidence of untrimmed eyes, mechanical damage, insect or any other surface blemishes. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good colour" means that the potatoes possess a fairly uniform colour typical of white potatoes which may be variable, yellow-white to greyish-white indicative of slight oxidation or slight discolouration. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good texture" means that the potatoes are firm, possessing a fairly fine even grain, some sloughing in evidence but not to the extent that pieces greater than 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) are separated from the potatoes. (texture passablement bonne)

"fairly uniform in size" means that 80% of the potatoes are of a uniform size not varying more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch). (de grosseur passablement uniforme)

"good colour" means that the potatoes possess a bright white to creamish-white colour practically free from oxidation and not more than one unit or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), stand apart in colour from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur)

"good texture" means that the potatoes are firm, possessing a fine even grain and showing only a slight amount of sloughing on the outer surface not affecting the appearance of the product in any material way. (bonne texture)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the potatoes possess no objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch), in the aggregate, of skin; or
  • (b) not more than two units or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing evidence of untrimmed eyes, mechanical damage, insect injury or any other surface blemishes. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform in size" means that 90% of the potatoes are of a size not varying more than 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter from the largest to the smallest and that not more than two potatoes in any one container exceed by 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) or more the maximum diameter of 45 mm(1¾ inches). (de grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 6.45 cm2 (1 square inch) in the aggregate of skin; or
  • (b) not more than five units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), showing evidence of untrimmed eyes, serious mechanical damage, insect injury or any other surface blemishes. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means that the potatoes may be variable in colour from yellow-white to dark greyish as a result of oxidation but not an off-colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good texture" means that the units may show considerable sloughing and some disintegration but that not more than two units or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), may be completely broken down, seriously affecting the appearance of the product. (texture raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably uniform in size" means that 70% of the potatoes are of a uniform size, not varying more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch). (de grosseur raisonnablement uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means potatoes that possess the colour, shape and texture of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

(7) For the purpose of classifying defects in subsection (6),

"mechanical damage" means moderate to heavy trimming or gouges due to trimming of a whole potato, that materially affects the appearance of the whole potato; slight cuts or slight indentations due to trimming are not considered mechanical damage. (dégâts causés par les machines)

"serious mechanical damage" means broken units, serious trimming or deep gouges due to trimming the whole potato, that seriously affects the whole potato and destroys the conformation of the unit; and (graves dégâts causés par les machines)

"unit" means an individual potato or a portion of a potato. (spécimen)

White Potatoes (Sliced)

Grade and Grade Names

39. (1) The grade and grade names for sliced white potatoes packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of sliced potatoes possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole potatoes except that

  • (a) the slices are practically uniform in size not exceeding 50.8 mm (2 inches) in diameter and 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) not more than three slices or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of any skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of sliced potatoes possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole potatoes except that

  • (a) the slices are fairly uniform in size not exceeding 64 mm (2½ inches) in diameter and 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) not more than seven units or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of any skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of sliced potatoes possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole potatoes except that

  • (a) the slices are reasonably uniform in size not exceeding 76 mm (3 inches) in diameter and 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness; and
  • (b) not more than 10 units or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), showing evidence of skin, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly uniform in size" means that 80% of the units are not less than one-half the width or diameter of the largest slice. (de grosseur passablement uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that 90% of the units are not less than one-half the width or diameter of the largest slice. (de grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably uniform in size" means that 70% of the units are not less than one-half the width or diameter of the largest slice. (de grosseur raisonnablement)

"unit" means an individual slice cut from a whole potato. (spécimen)

White Potatoes (Diced or Cubed)

Grade and Grade Names

40. (1) The grade and grade names for diced or cubed white potatoes packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of diced or cubed potatoes possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole potatoes except that

  • (a) the cubes do not exceed 10 mm (⅜ inch) in measurement and are 90% free from splinters or irregularly shaped units; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 5% of the total drained weight of all units.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of diced or cubed potatoes possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole potatoes except that

  • (a) the cubes do not exceed 10 mm (⅜ inch) in measurement and are 80% free from splinters or irregularly shaped units; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 10% of the total drained weight of all units.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of diced or cubed potatoes possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole potatoes except that

  • (a) the cubes do not exceed 10 mm ⅜ inch) in measurement and are 70% free from splinters or irregularly shaped units; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 15% of the total drained weight of all units.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"defective units" includes all units damaged by any discolouration, unpeeled eyes, scab, insect or mechanical injury. (spécimens défectueux)

"unit" means an individual dice or cube cut from a whole potato. (spécimen)

White Potatoes (Julienne, Shoestring, Regular Cut or Crinkle Cut)

Grade and Grade Names

41. (1) The grade and grade names for julienne, shoestring, regular cut or crinkle cut white potatoes packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of julienne, shoestring, regular cut or crinkle cut potatoes possessing the characteristics of Canada Fancy whole potatoes except that

  • (a) the strips are practically uniform in length; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 5% of the total drained weight of all units.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of julienne, shoestring, regular or crinkle cut potatoes possessing the characteristics of Canada Choice whole potatoes except that

  • (a) the strips are fairly uniform in length; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 10% of the total drained weight of all units.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of julienne, shoestring, regular or crinkle cut potatoes possessing the characteristics of Canada Standard whole potatoes except that

  • (a) the strips are reasonably uniform in length; and
  • (b) the aggregate weight of defective units does not exceed 15% of the total drained weight of all units.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"crinkle cut" means potatoes cut into strips with corrugated surfaces of cross-sectional dimensions varying from approximately 10 mm (⅜ inch) by 10 mm (⅜ inch) to approximately 13 mm (½ inch) by 13 mm (½ inch). (coupées en morceaux ondulés)

"defective units" means all units damaged by staining, black internal discolouration, scab, poor peeling or trimming and insect or mechanical injury. (spécimens défectueux)

"fairly uniform in length" means that the aggregate weight of all strips less than 38 mm (1½ inches) in length does not exceed 30% of the total weight of all strips. (de longueur passablement uniforme)

"julienne" or "shoestring" means potatoes cut into straight cut strips that are predominantly 6.4 mm (¼ inch) by 6.4 mm (¼ inch) or less in cross-sectional dimensions. (paille or à la française)

"practically uniform in length" means that the aggregate weight of all strips less than 38 mm (1½ inches) in length does not exceed 20% of the total weight of all the strips. (de longueur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably uniform in length" means that the aggregate weight of all strips less than 38 mm (1½ inches) in length does not exceed 40% of the total weight of all strips. (de longueur raisonnablement uniforme)

"regular cut" means potatoes cut into strips of cross-sectional dimensions varying from approximately 6.4 mm (¼ inch) by 6.4 mm (¼ inch) to approximately 13 mm (½ inch) by 13 mm (½ inch). (coupées en morceaux réguliers)

"unit" means an individual strip cut from a whole potato. (spécimen)

Sweet Potatoes (Whole or Cut)

Grade and Grade Names

42. (1) The grade and grade names for whole or cut sweet potatoes packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of sweet potatoes that

  • (a) possess a very good flavour typical of properly processed sweet potatoes;
  • (b) possess a good colour and a good texture;
  • (c) have units that are fairly uniform in size and shape; and
  • (d) are practically free from peel, untrimmed ends, blemished areas and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of sweet potatoes that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of properly processed sweet potatoes;
  • (b) possess fairly good colour and a fairly good texture;
  • (c) have units that are reasonably uniform in size and shape; and
  • (d) are fairly free from peel, untrimmed ends, blemished areas and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of sweet potatoes that

  • (a) possess a normal flavour and odour;
  • (b) possess a reasonably good colour and a reasonably good texture; and
  • (c) are reasonably free from peel, untrimmed ends, blemished areas and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"cut" or "pieces" means packaged sweet potatoes that consist of cut units and include some pieces or broken units. (coupées ou morceaux)

"fairly free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) not more than one unit or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), showing any untrimmed fibrous ends or secondary rootlets; and
  • (b) not more than two units or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing peel or discoloured or blemished areas in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch). (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good colour" means a fairly good characteristic yellow or golden colour which may be somewhat variable in each unit or among the units. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good texture" means that the whole potatoes or the cut units possess a fairly smooth texture, and are practically free from any tough or coarse fibres; some slight disintegration of the outer surface may be present in an amount that does not materially affect the appearance of the product. (texture passablement bonne)

"fairly uniform in size and shape" means that the units may vary moderately in size and shape and that the weight of the largest unit is not more than three times the weight of the smallest unit. (de grosseur et de forme passablement uniformes)

"good colour" means a reasonably bright characteristic yellow or golden colour with some variation of such characteristic colour in the units or in each unit. (bonne couleur)

"good texture" means that the units possess a uniformly smooth texture that is soft to firm but not hard, are practically free from tough or coarse fibres and have no noticeable disintegration of the outer surface. (bonne texture)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) virtually no untrimmed fibrous ends or secondary rootlets; and
  • (b) not more than one unit or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), showing peel or discoloured or blemished areas in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch). (à peu près exemptes)

"reasonably free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) not more than two units or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), with untrimmed fibrous ends or secondary rootlets; and
  • (b) not more than four units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), showing peel or discoloured or blemished areas in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch). (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means a colour that may be dull and quite variable in the units or in each unit but is not an off-colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably uniform in size and shape" means that the units may vary considerably in size and shape and that the weight of the largest unit is not more than four times the weight of the smallest unit. (de grosseur et de forme raisonnablement uniformes)

"reasonably good texture" means a texture which may be somewhat variable ranging from soft to rather firm but not hard and tough, and may possess a few tough or coarse fibres and may also possess some partial disintegration of the units, but not enough to seriously affect the appearance of the product. (texture raisonnablement uniforme)

"unit" means an individual sweet potato or a portion of a sweet potato. (spécimen)

"whole" means packaged sweet potatoes that retain their approximate original conformation after peeling and trimming. (entières)

(6) Whole sweet potatoes and cut sweet potatoes may be packed in combination as "whole and pieces", in which case the product must be assigned a grade that corresponds with the grade specifications for the respective units.

Pumpkin

Grade and Grade Names

43. (1) The grade and grade names for pumpkin packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of pumpkin that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour;
  • (b) possesses a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) possesses a smooth fine finish and a heavy, thick consistency; and
  • (d) is practically free from particles of seed, rind, fibre and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of pumpkin that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour;
  • (b) possesses a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) possesses a fairly smooth finish and a fairly thick consistency; and
  • (d) is fairly free from particles of seed, rind, fibre and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of pumpkin that

  • (a) possesses a normal flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a reasonably good colour;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good finish and a reasonably thick consistency; and
  • (d) is reasonably free from particles of seed, rind, fibre and other defects.

(5) Pumpkin packed in hermetically sealed packages containing more than 796 mL (28 fl. oz) is considered to be

  • (a) of the grade Canada Fancy, if it conforms to all requirements of subsection (2), except that it has a fairly thick consistency or reasonably thick consistency rather than a heavy thick consistency; and
  • (b) of the grade Canada Choice, if it conforms to all requirements of subsection (3), except that it has a reasonably thick consistency rather than a fairly thick consistency.

Definitions

(6) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that, while some minute particles of rind, fibre or seed may be present, they are only slightly noticeable in a general survey, and that defects present do not detract in any material way from the appearance or edibility of the product. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly smooth finish" means that the product possesses a fairly smooth finish but is not pasty and may be somewhat grainy but not coarse. (fini passablement doux)

"fairly thick consistency" means that when the product is emptied at room temperature from the container to a flat dry surface, it more or less retains the general shape of the package with some spreading of the product and at the end of two minutes there is not more than a moderate separation of free liquid. (consistance passablement épaisse)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the pumpkin is fairly bright showing some slight discolouration that is typical of fairly well-matured pumpkin. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good flavour" means that pumpkin has the typical flavour of well-ripened properly matured pumpkin. (bonne saveur)

"heavy thick consistency" means that when the product is emptied at room temperature from the package to a flat dry surface, it practically retains the shape of the package and at the end of two minutes there is only a slight separation of free liquid. (consistance lourde et épaisse)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product does not possess objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind and is not noticeably bitter and unpalatable. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that, while traces of minute particles of rind, fibre or seed may be present, they must not be noticeable in a general survey, and defects present do not in any way detract from the appearance or edibility of the product. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the pumpkin is uniformly bright possessing the typical colour of properly matured pumpkin. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that while small particles of rind, fibre or seed may be present such defects are not prominent to the extent that they seriously affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good colour" means that the product may be somewhat discoloured and variable in colour, showing tinges of dark orange or brown, but is not an off-colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"reasonably good finish" means that the product may be quite grainy but not markedly coarse and is free from any hard particles. (fini raisonnablement doux)

"reasonably thick consistency" means that when the product is emptied at room temperature to a dry flat surface, it forms a spreading mounded mass tending to level itself and from which at the end of two minutes there is not an excessive amount of free liquid. (consistance raisonnablement épaisse)

"smooth fine finish" means that the product is smooth and fine grained. (fini fin et doux)

Squash

Grade and Grade Names

44. The grades and grade names for squash packaged in a hermetically sealed package, are the same as for pumpkin packaged in a hermetically sealed package, as set out in section 43.

Sauerkraut

Grade and Grade Names

45. (1) The grade and grade names for sauerkraut packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy and Canada Choice.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of sauerkraut that

  • (a) possesses a good well developed kraut flavour;
  • (b) possesses a uniform light straw colour;
  • (c) is crisp and firm;
  • (d) shreds well when cut to approximately 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) in thickness; and
  • (e) is practically free from large pieces of core, heavy mid ribs, large pieces of leaves, blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of sauerkraut that

  • (a) possesses a good normal kraut flavour;
  • (b) possesses a fairly good light straw colour;
  • (c) is reasonably crisp and reasonably firm;
  • (d) shreds fairly evenly when cut to approximately 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) in thickness; and
  • (e) is fairly free from large pieces of core, heavy mid ribs, large pieces of leaves, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly evenly" cut means that the shreds are fairly cleanly cut and that the presence of short or irregular cut pieces does not seriously detract from the appearance of the product. (coupée d'une manière passablement uniforme)

"fairly free" from defects means that the product is 90% free from large pieces of core or leaf, heavy mid ribs, spotted shreds or other defects all of which do not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product. (passablement exempte)

"fairly good light straw colour" means that the product possesses a reasonably bright typical cream to light straw general appearance which may be slightly dull but not an off-colour. (couleur paille claire passablement bonne)

"normal kraut flavour" means a characteristic kraut flavour free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind which may seriously affect the eating quality of the product. (saveur de choucroute normale)

"practically free" from defects means that the product is 98% free from large pieces of core or leaf, heavy mid ribs, spotted shreds or other defects, which do not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product. (à peu près exempte)

"reasonably crisp and reasonably firm" means that the product may be lacking somewhat in crispness but is not soft or mushy or in any way tough and chewy. (raisonnablement croustillante et raisonnablement ferme)

"uniform light straw colour" means that the product possesses a bright, practically uniform, typical white to light cream general appearance characteristic of properly prepared and properly processed sauerkraut. (couleur paille claire uniforme)

"well cut" means that the shreds are clean cut and uniform in thickness and that the presence of any short or irregular cut pieces do not in any way detract from the appearance of the product. (bien coupées)

Spinach

Grade and Grade Names

46. (1) The grade and grade names for whole, whole leaf, cut, or chopped spinach packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of spinach that

  • (a) possesses a normal flavour and odour typical of properly prepared and properly processed fresh spinach;
  • (b) possesses a practically uniform typical green colour and has good character;
  • (c) is free from any grit, sand or silt; and
  • (d) is practically free from any harmless extraneous leafy matter, seedy heads, root stubs, blemished or wilted leaves and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of spinach that

  • (a) possesses normal flavour and odour typical of properly prepared and properly processed fresh spinach;
  • (b) possesses a fairly uniform typical green colour and has fairly good character;
  • (c) contains not more than a trace of grit, sand or silt; and
  • (d) is fairly free from any harmless extraneous leafy matter, seedy heads, root stubs, blemished or wilted leaves and other defects.

(4) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of spinach that

  • (a) possesses a normal flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a reasonably good colour and has reasonably good character;
  • (c) contains not more than a slight amount of grit, sand or silt; and
  • (d) is reasonably free from any harmless extraneous leafy matter, seedy heads, root stubs, blemished or wilted leaves and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"cut" or "chopped" spinach consists of the leaf and adjoining portion of the stem which has been cut or chopped into small pieces (coupés, hachés).

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 369 g (13 oz.) of product, by drained weight, there may be present

  • (a) not more than two root stubs or root crowns;
  • (b) not more than four seedy heads;
  • (c) not more than five blemished or wilted leaves; or
  • (d) grass or weeds aggregating not more than 203 mm (8 inches) in length of which none may be more than 13 mm (½ inch) in width measured at the widest point transversely to the long axis. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good character", which has reference to the condition and structural characteristics of the spinach leaf and stems, means that the spinach is tender and is practically free from any coarse or tough leaves, large main stems or parts of stems and that the appearance of the product is not seriously affected by ragged, disintegrated or shredded leaves and stems. (caractère passablement bon)

"fairly uniform typical green colour" means that the spinach possesses a fairly typical green colour of properly prepared and properly processed fresh spinach, and shows not more than a slight variation in green colour from a general survey. (couleur passablement uniforme)

"good character", which has reference to the condition and the structural characteristics of the spinach leaf and stems, means that the spinach is tender and is free from any coarse or tough leaves, large main stems or parts of large main stems and that the appearance of the product is not materially affected by ragged, disintegrated or shredded leaves or stems. (bon caractère)

"normal flavour and odour" means that the product possesses a characteristic flavour and odour of properly processed fresh spinach and is free from any objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur normales)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 369 g (13 oz.) of product, by drained weight, there may be present

  • (a) not more than one root stub or root crown;
  • (b) not more than two seedy heads;
  • (c) not more than three blemished or wilted leaves; or
  • (d) grass or weeds aggregating not more than 102 mm (4 inches) in length of which none may be more than 13 mm (½ inch) in width measured at the widest point transversely to the long axis. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform typical green colour" means that the spinach possesses a green colour of properly prepared and properly processed fresh spinach, free from any distinct variations in colour. (de couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 369 g (13 oz.) of product, by drained weight, there may be present

  • (a) not more than four root stubs or root crowns;
  • (b) not more than eight seedy heads;
  • (c) not more than eight blemished or wilted leaves; or
  • (d) grass or weeds aggregating not more than 305 mm (12 inches) in length of which none may be more than 10 mm (⅜ inch) in width measured at the widest point transversely to the long axis. (raisonnablement exempts)

"reasonably good character" means that the spinach is fairly tender and that the appearance of the product is not seriously affected by ragged or shredded leaves and stems or by large coarse stems and mid ribs or parts of mid ribs. (caractère raisonnablement bon)

"reasonably good colour" means that the spinach possesses a reasonably typical green colour that may be quite variable or dull but is not an off-colour. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"slight amount of grit, sand or silt" means that amount that is readily apparent on chewing but does not seriously affect the eating quality and appearance of the spinach. (légère quantité de terre, sable ou limon)

"trace of grit, sand or silt" means an amount that in no way affects the eating quality or appearance of the spinach. (trace de terre, sable ou limon)

"whole" or "whole leaf" spinach consists substantially of the leaf and adjoining portion of the stem. (entiers, à feuilles entières)

Tomatoes (Whole, Almost Whole, Whole and Pieces, Wedges, Sliced, Diced or Chopped)

Grade and Grade Names

47. (1) The grade and grade names for whole, whole and pieces, wedges, sliced, diced or chopped tomatoes packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy, Canada Choice and Canada Standard.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of tomatoes that

  • (a) possess a very good tomato flavour typical of well-ripened tomatoes;
  • (b) contain not less than 65% drained solids consisting of whole, almost whole or large pieces of tomato;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform good red colour; and
  • (d) are practically free from pieces of skin, core, black spots, sun scald and other defects.

(3) Canada Fancy "Whole" tomatoes are the same as other Canada Fancy hermetically sealed packaged tomatoes except that the drained solids must be entirely made up of either whole or almost whole tomatoes.

(4) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of tomatoes that

  • (a) possess a good tomato flavour typical of fairly well-ripened tomatoes;
  • (b) contain not less than 60% drained solids consisting of whole, almost whole or large pieces of tomato;
  • (c) possess a fairly good red colour; and
  • (d) are fairly free from pieces of skin, core, black spots, sun scald and other defects.

(5) Canada Standard is the name for the grade of tomatoes that

  • (a) possesses a normal tomato flavour and odour;
  • (b) contain not less than 50% drained solids consisting of whole, almost whole, large or small pieces of tomato;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good red colour; and
  • (d) are reasonably free from pieces of skin, core, black spots, sun scald and other defects.

Definitions

(6) The following definitions apply in this section.

"almost whole" tomatoes are those in which each unit, regardless of weight, is a tomato that has been peeled and cored in the same manner as whole tomatoes but may be slightly cracked or split and have a seed cavity partly opened by trimming, provided that the tomato can be restored to practically its original shape. (tomates presque entières)

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 2.5 cm2 (1 square inch) of skin in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than 5.67 g (⅕ oz.) of core material; or
  • (c) not more than an aggregate area of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch) that is blemished. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good red colour" means to have a colour typical of red or reddish varieties of tomatoes, to not have more than 30% by count that stand apart from the general colour, and to not have any units that are green or yellow. (couleur rouge passablement bonne)

"large pieces" means pieces of tomato that weigh not less than 42.5 g (1½ oz.). (gros morceaux)

"per cent (%) drained solids", calculated on the basis of a full package, means the percentage of tomatoes that remains on the screen after draining the sample for ½ minute over a screen containing 1 mesh per 12.7 mm (two meshes per inch) made of wire of uniform thickness 1 mm (1/20 inch) in diameter. (pourcentage d'extraits égouttés)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 1.25 cm2 (one half of one square inch) of skin in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than 2.84 g (1/10 oz.) of core material; and
  • (c) no blemished portions. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good red colour" means to have the bright colour of well-ripened red or reddish varieties of tomatoes, to not have more than 10% by count that stands apart from the general colour, and to not have any units that are green or yellow. (bonne couleur rouge à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 9.68 cm2 (1½ square inches) of skin in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than one small piece of harmless extraneous material;
  • (c) not more than 11.34 g (⅖ oz.) of core material; or
  • (d) not more than an aggregate area of 3.23 cm2 (½ square inch) that is blemished. (raisonnablement exemptes)

"reasonably good red colour" means to have a generally red or reddish colour, and to not have more than half of the units showing a greenish or yellowish hue. (couleur rouge raisonnablement bonne)

"small pieces" means pieces of tomato that weigh less than 42.5 g (1½ oz.) and do not pass through the screen used for determining drained solids. (petits morceaux)

"whole" tomatoes are those in which each unit, regardless of weight, is a tomato that has been peeled and cored in such a manner that the rounded contour of the stem end is not destroyed, no seed cavity has been opened by trimming and the general contour of the tomato has been preserved. (tomates entières)

Stewed Tomatoes

Grade and Grade Names

48. If the grades for stewed tomatoes are declared, the grade names for those grades are the same as for tomatoes packaged in a hermetically sealed package, as set out in section 47 except that per cent drained solids is not a grade factor.

Tomato Juice

Grade and Grade Names

49. (1) The grade and grade names for tomato juice packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy and Canada Choice.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of tomato juice that

  • (a) possesses a very good flavour typical of well-ripened tomatoes;
  • (b) possesses a good colour and a good consistency; and
  • (c) is practically free from any skin, minute seed particles and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of tomato juice that:

  • (a) possesses a fairly good flavour;
  • (b) possesses a reasonably good colour and a fairly good consistency; and
  • (c) is fairly free from any skin, minute seed particles and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that the defects present may be noticeable but not so prominent or so numerous as to seriously affect the appearance and drinking quality of the product. (passablement exempt)

"fairly good consistency" means that the product flows readily and has a normal amount of insoluble solids in suspension and there is not a marked tendency for such solids to settle out. (consistance passablement bonne)

"fairly good flavour" means a characteristic tomato juice flavour not adversely affected by stems, leaves, immature tomatoes or the effects of improper trimming or processing. (assez bonne saveur)

"good consistency" means that the tomato juice flows readily, has a normal amount of insoluble solids in suspension and there is little tendency for such solids to settle out. (bonne consistance)

"good colour" means a colour that is typical of tomato juice made from well-ripened tomatoes. (bonne couleur)

"practically free" from defects means that defects present do not in any way affect the appearance or drinking quality of the product. (à peu près exempt)

"reasonably good colour" means a colour that is typical of tomato juice made from fairly well-ripened tomatoes. (couleur raisonnablement bonne)

"very good flavour" means a distinct tomato juice flavour characteristic of good quality, ripe tomatoes. (très bonne saveur)

Concentrated Tomato Juice or Tomato Juice Concentrate

Grade and Grade Names

50. (1) The grade and grade names for concentrated tomato juice packaged in a hermetically sealed package are Canada Fancy and Canada Choice.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of concentrated tomato juice that, when properly reconstituted

  • (a) possesses a very good flavour typical of well-ripened tomatoes;
  • (b) possesses a good colour and a good consistency; and
  • (c) is practically free from skin, minute seed particles and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of concentrated tomato juice that, when properly reconstituted

  • (a) possesses a fairly good flavour typical of well-ripened tomatoes;
  • (b) possesses a fairly good colour and fairly good consistency; and
  • (c) is fairly free from skin, minute seed particles and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that the defects present in the reconstituted tomato juice may be noticeable but not so prominent or so numerous as to seriously affect the appearance and drinking quality of the product. (passablement exempt)

"fairly good colour" means that the concentrated tomato juice, when properly reconstituted, has a colour that is typical of tomato juice made from fairly well-ripened tomatoes. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good consistency" means that the reconstituted tomato juice flows readily, has a normal amount of insoluble solids in suspension and there is not a marked tendency for the solids to settle out. (consistance passablement bonne)

"fairly good flavour" means that the concentrated tomato juice, when properly reconstituted, has a characteristic tomato juice flavour not adversely affected by stems, leaves, immature tomatoes or the effects of improper trimming or processing. (saveur passablement bonne)

"good colour" means that the concentrated tomato juice, when properly reconstituted, has a colour that is typical of tomato juice made from well-ripened red tomatoes. (bonne couleur)

"good consistency" means that the reconstituted tomato juice flows readily, has a normal amount of insoluble solids in suspension and there is little tendency for such solids to settle out. (bonne consistance)

"practically free" from defects means that defects present in the reconstituted tomato juice do not in any way affect the appearance or drinking quality of the product. (à peu près exempt)

"very good flavour" means that the concentrated tomato juice, when properly reconstituted, has a distinct tomato juice flavour characteristic of good quality, ripe tomatoes. (très bonne saveur)

Tomato Puree

Grade and Grade Names

51. (1) If the grades for tomato puree packaged in a hermetically sealed package are declared, the grade names for those grades are Canada Fancy and Canada Choice.

(2) Canada Fancy is the name for the grade of tomato puree that

  • (a) possesses a typical tomato puree flavour of well-ripened tomatoes;
  • (b) possesses a good red, ripe tomato colour; and
  • (c) is practically free from skin, seed particles, black specks, core material and other defects.

(3) Canada Choice is the name for the grade of tomato puree that

  • (a) possesses a typical tomato puree flavour of fairly well-ripened tomatoes;
  • (b) possesses a fairly good red, ripe tomato colour; and
  • (c) is fairly free from skin, seed particles, black specks, core material and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that defects present may be quite noticeable but are not so prominent as to seriously affect the appearance and use of the product for remanufacturing purposes. (passablement exempte)

"fairly good red, ripe tomato colour" means a colour typical of fairly well-ripened tomatoes. (couleur rouge passablement bonne de tomates mûres)

"good red, ripe tomato colour" means a colour typical of well-ripened tomatoes.(bonne couleur rouge de tomates mûres)

"practically free" from defects means that defects present do not materially affect the appearance and use of the product for remanufacturing purposes. (à peu près exempte)

"typical tomato puree flavour" means that the product is free from scorched, bitter, green tomato flavours or other objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur typique de purée de tomates)

Tomato Pulp

Grade and Grade Names

52. If the grades for tomato pulp packaged in a hermetically sealed package are declared, the grade names for those grades are the same as for tomato puree packaged in a hermetically sealed package, as set out in section 51.

Tomato Paste and Concentrated Tomato Paste

Grade and Grade Names

53. If the grades for tomato paste and concentrated tomato paste packaged in a hermetically sealed package are declared, the grade names for those grades are the same as for tomato puree packaged in a hermetically sealed package, as set out in section 51.

Tomato Catsup, Catsup, Tomato Ketchup or Ketchup

Grade and Grade Names

54. If the grades for tomato catsup, catsup, tomato ketchup, or ketchup packaged in a hermetically sealed package are declared, the grade names for those grades are the same as for tomato puree packaged in a hermetically sealed package, as set out in section 51.

Tomato Chili Sauce

Grade and Grade Names

55. If the grades for tomato chili sauce packaged in a hermetically sealed package are declared, the grade names for those grades are the same as for tomato puree packaged in a hermetically sealed package, as set out in section 51.

Part 2 Grades for Frozen Fruit or Vegetable Products

Interpretation

56. For the purposes of the grades in this Part,

  • (a) the grades for frozen fruits must be determined after complete thawing in unopened small packages, or when samples are drawn from large containers, and the product must be sufficiently free from ice crystals to permit the handling of the fruit as individual units; and
  • (b) the grades for frozen vegetables must be determined in the following manner:
    • (i) such factors as colour, uniformity of size, condition and the absence of defects must be considered immediately after thawing, to the extent that the product is substantially free from ice crystals and can be handled as individual units; and
    • (ii) factors such as flavour, degree of tenderness and freedom from fibre must be considered only after the product is cooked for the required length of time.

Frozen Sliced Apples

Grade and Grade Names

57. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen sliced apples are Canada A and Canada B (See Volume 9 Import Grade Requirements for grade names used for imported for frozen fruit or vegetable products).

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen sliced apples that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good apple flavour and aroma typical of well-ripened apples;
  • (c) possess a good colour;
  • (d) are in good condition, with slices practically uniform in size and shape; and
  • (e) are practically free from core, peel, bruised spots, insect injury and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen sliced apples that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour and aroma typical of well-ripened apples;
  • (c) possess a fairly good colour;
  • (d) are in fairly good condition, with slices fairly uniform in size and shape; and
  • (e) are fairly free from core, peel, bruised spots, insect injury and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that not more than 20% of the pieces may show evidence of core and that not more than 5% of the units may be damaged by any other defects. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good colour" means that the slices both inside and out possess a reasonably good colour characteristic of apples of similar varieties, which may show some variation to a slightly greyish or slightly pinkish cast, but that not more than five units per 2.84 kg (100 oz.) may distinctly stand apart in colour. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good condition" means that the individual pieces possess a tender to crispy texture with not more than 15% by drained weight of mushy apples. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform in size and shape" means that not less than 85% by drained weight consists of whole or practically whole slices conforming to the size and shape of an apparent original whole unit. (grosseur et forme passablement uniformes)

"good colour" means that the slices both inside and out possess a uniform bright colour characteristic of apples of similar varieties with no units that distinctly stand apart in colour. (bonne couleur)

"good condition" means that the individual pieces possess a tender to crispy texture with not more than 5%, by drained weight, of mushy apples. (bon état)

"good flavour" means that the product has a good, characteristic normal flavour and aroma of well-ripened apples and is free from any objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"mushy apples" means that the fruit is a pulpy mass and of a consistency approximating apple sauce. (pommes baveuses)

"practically free" from defects means that not more than 10% of the pieces may show evidence of core and that not more than 2% of the units may be damaged by any of the other defects listed. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform in size and shape" means that not less than 95% by drained weight consists of whole or practically whole slices conforming to the size and shape of an apparent original whole unit. (grosseur et forme à peu près uniformes)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the apples in any one container are of one or more like varieties undistinguishable in the frozen product. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"unit" means an individual slice of apple in frozen sliced apples. (spécimen)

Frozen Concentrated Apple Juice

Grade and Grade Names

58. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen concentrated apple juice are Canada A and Canada B, and the requirements applicable to those grades of juice after the juice has been reconstituted according to label directions are the same as for Canada Fancy and Canada Choice hermetically sealed packaged apple juice respectively, as set out in section 2.

Methods of Determination

(2) Soluble solids in frozen concentrated apple juice must be determined by a refractometer

  • (a) uncorrected for acidity at a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius; or
  • (b) if the applicable temperature correction is made to the reading of the scale, at a temperature other than 20 degrees Celsius.

Frozen Apricots

Grade and Grade Names

59. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen apricots are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen apricots that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a very good flavour typical of well-ripened apricots;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) have units that are practically uniform in size;
  • (e) are in good condition, free from any stems or from pits;
  • (f) are practically free from surface blemishes and other defects; and
  • (g) have a minimum diameter of 38 mm (1½ inches).

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen apricots that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened apricots;
  • (c) possess a fairly good uniform colour;
  • (d) have units that are fairly uniform in size;
  • (e) are in fairly good condition, free from any stems or from pits;
  • (f) are fairly free from surface blemishes and other defects; and
  • (g) have a minimum diameter of 32 mm (1¼ inches).

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents there may be present not more than four units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), showing surface blemishes in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) in the aggregate. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good condition" means that 90% of the units are intact, possess a tender, fleshy texture typical of well-ripened apricots and have fairly clean cut edges. (passablement bon état)

"fairly good uniform colour" means that the frozen apricots possess a fairly bright colour typical of properly prepared, well-ripened apricots that may show only some slight browning due to oxidation or other causes. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that not more than 20%, by count, of units vary more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) if measured at right angles to the longitudinal axis. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"free from any stems or from pits" means that if a stem or pit is found in any one container, such stems or pits must not be found in more than 2% of additional containers examined. (exempts de pédoncules et de noyaux)

"good condition" means that the units are intact and they possess a tender, fleshy texture typical of well-ripened apricots with clean cut edges. (bon état)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents there must be present not more than two units or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing surface blemishes in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) in the aggregate. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the frozen apricots possess a bright colour typical of properly prepared, well-ripened apricots free from any brown colour resulting from oxidation or other causes. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means not more than 10%, by count, of units vary more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter when measured at right angles to the longitudinal axis. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the apricots possess the texture and formation of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"unit" means a pitted, unpeeled apricot half in frozen apricots. (specimen)

Frozen Asparagus (Tips, Spears)

Grade and Grade Names

60. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen asparagus, tips or spears are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen asparagus, tips or spears that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of fresh asparagus;
  • (b) possess a practically uniform good colour characteristic of the type of asparagus;
  • (c) are young and tender throughout with 90% of tip heads compact;
  • (d) have stalks that are uniform in size unless labelled "assorted or mixed sizes";
  • (e) are free from readily apparent grit or sand; and
  • (f) are practically free from insect or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen asparagus, tips or spears that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of fresh asparagus;
  • (b) possess a fairly uniform good colour characteristic of the type of asparagus;
  • (c) are tender throughout with fairly compact tip heads;
  • (d) have stalks that are fairly uniform in size unless labelled "assorted or mixed sizes";
  • (e) contain no more than a trace of grit or sand; and
  • (f) are fairly free from insect or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"compact tip heads" means that the head structure is practically compact and that the heads and the bracts may be somewhat elongated but not so developed as to be open to the extent of exposing curd-like leaf buds. (extrémités des pointes compactes)

"fairly compact tip heads" means that the heads may show a slight seedy appearance and that the heads and bracts may be elongated somewhat but not so developed as to give a branching appearance. (extrémités des pointes passablement compactes)

"fairly free" from defects means that not more than four units per package or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), may show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), but no such blemishes materially affecting the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the asparagus possesses a fairly typical green colour with not more than 20%, by count, of the tips or spears having the bottom portion white or yellowish-white in excess of 25 mm (1 inch) in length. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that at least 80% of the individual tips or spears do not vary more than 25 mm (1 inch) in length and that the diameter of the butt ends do not vary more than 3.2 mm (⅛ inch). (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"good flavour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good characteristic normal flavour of fresh asparagus and is free from any objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"practically free from defects" means that not more than two units per package or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), may show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), but no such blemishes materially affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (à peu près exemptes de défauts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the asparagus possesses a typical green colour with not more than 10%, by count, of the tips or spears having the bottom portion white or yellowish-white extending over 25 mm (1 inch) in length. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"spears" or "frozen asparagus" is the style of frozen asparagus that consists of the head and adjoining portion of the stalk that is over 127 mm (5 inches) in length. (turions ou asperges congelées)

"tips" is the style of frozen asparagus that consists of the head and adjoining portion of the stalk having an overall length not in excess of 127 mm (5 inches). (pointes)

"trace of grit or sand" means that whatever grit or sand is present does not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product. (trace de gravier ou de sable)

"uniform in size" means that at least 90% of the individual tips or spears do not vary more than 25 mm (1 inch) in length and that the diameter of the butt ends do not vary more than 3.2 mm (⅛ inch). (grosseur uniforme)

Frozen Asparagus (Cuts or Cuttings)

Grades and Grade Names

61. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen asparagus, cuts or cuttings are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen asparagus cuts or cuttings that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of fresh asparagus;
  • (b) possess a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) are young and tender with not less than 20%, by count, of tip heads;
  • (d) have pieces that are practically uniform in size not exceeding 38 mm (1½ inches) in length;
  • (e) are free from readily apparent grit or sand; and
  • (f) are practically free from insect or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen asparagus cuts or cuttings that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of fresh asparagus;
  • (b) possess a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) that are fairly tender with not less than 10%, by count, of tip heads;
  • (d) have pieces that are fairly uniform in size not exceeding 38 mm (1½ inches) in length;
  • (e) contain not more than a trace of grit or sand; and
  • (f) are fairly free from insect or mechanical injury, rust spots, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that not more than four units per package or 15%, by count (whichever is greater), may show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), but no such blemishes materially affect the appearance or eating qualities of the product. (passablement exempts)

"fairly tender" means that not in excess of 10%, by count, of the pieces are distinctly fibrous, tough or woody when chewed. (passablement tendres)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the product possesses a typical green colour with not more than 20%, by count, of the pieces white or yellowish-white in colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that not more than 20%, by count, of the pieces may vary more than plus or minus 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in length. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"good flavour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good characteristic normal flavour of fresh asparagus and is free from any objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"pieces" means portions of an asparagus stalk cut transversely into units 38 mm (1½ inches) or less in length. (morceaux)

"practically free" from defects means that not more than two units per package or five per cent by count (whichever is greater) may show evidence of insect injury, rust spots, discoloured blemishes or other surface defects in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch), but no such blemishes materially affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the product possesses a typical green colour with not more than 5%, by count, of the pieces white or yellowish-white in colour. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that not more than 10%, by count, of the pieces may vary more than plus or minus 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in length. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"tip head" means any portion of the upper ⅓ of the asparagus spear from the tip end and measuring not less than 13 mm (½ inch) in length.

"trace of grit or sand" means that whatever grit or sand is present does not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product. (trace de gravier ou de sable)

"young and tender" means not in excess of two pieces of cuts or cuttings per package or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), that are fibrous or show any toughness when chewed. (jeunes et tendres)

Frozen Beans (Green or Wax)

Grade and Grade Names

62. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen green or wax beans, cut, cuts, french style, french cut, short cut, or whole asparagus style, are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen beans that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of young and tender beans;
  • (c) are practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) are young and tender; and
  • (e) are practically free from units damaged by mechanical or insect injury, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen beans that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour of young tender beans;
  • (c) are fairly uniform good colour;
  • (d) are fairly young and tender; and
  • (e) are fairly free from units damaged by mechanical or insect injury, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"cut" or "cuts" means frozen beans consisting of pods cut transversely into pieces not more than 50.8 mm (2 inches) in length and not less than 19.05 mm (¾ inch) in length, and may contain shorter end pieces which result from cutting. (haricots coupés)

"fairly free" from defects means that the combined weight of all defects or defective units does not exceed 10% of the weight of all the units, and that for each 284 g (10 oz.) of product there may be present

  • (a) not more than two pieces of extraneous vegetable matter, exclusive of detached stems;
  • (b) not more than three unstemmed units and three detached stems or any combination of unstemmed units and detached stems; or
  • (c) not more than 15 units damaged by mechanical or insect injury, or showing any rust spot blemishes. (passablement exempts)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the frozen beans possess a colour that is typical of fairly young and tender green or wax beans and are 80% free from any beans that stand apart in colour from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly young and tender" means that the units to some extent have lost their fleshy structure, that the seeds may have passed the early stages of maturity but have not become well developed, that the units are not fibrous, and that not more than 10%, by count, of the units show evidence of strings. (passablement jeunes et tendres)

"french style" or "french cut" means frozen beans consisting of pods sliced lengthwise; (genre français or coupés à la française)

"good flavour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good characteristic normal flavour of tender beans and is free from objectionable flavour and odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"practically free" from defects means that the combined weight of all defects or defective units does not exceed 10% of the weight of all units, and that for each 284 g (10 oz.) of product there may be present

  • (a) not more than one piece of extraneous vegetable matter, exclusive of detached stems;
  • (b) not more than two unstemmed units and two detached stems, or one of each; or
  • (c) not more than 10 units damaged by mechanical or insect injury or showing rust spot blemishes. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the frozen beans possess a colour that is typical of young tender green or wax beans and are 90% free from any beans that stand apart in colour from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"short cut" or "short cuts" means frozen beans consisting of pods cut into pieces 13 mm (½ inch) in length and not more than 25% shall vary in length by 6.4 mm (¼ inch) from the basic 13 mm (½ inch) size. (haricots coupés court)

"similar varietal characteristics" means beans of similar shape either of the round type or flat type green or wax beans. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"unit" means an individual green or wax bean or a cut portion of either in frozen beans. (spécimen)

"young and tender", referring to the degree of development of pods and seeds and the tenderness of the pods, means that the units are full-fleshed for the variety, tender and not fibrous; that the seeds are in the early stages of maturity; and that not more than 5%, by count, of the units show evidence of strings. (jeunes et tendres)

"whole asparagus style" means frozen whole beans of substantially equal lengths packed parallel to the sides of a carton or container. (haricots en gousse, genre asperges)

Frozen Lima Beans

Grade and Grade Names

63. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen Lima beans are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen Lima beans that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of young tender beans;
  • (b) possess a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) are tender; and
  • (d) are practically free from loose skins, splits, blemished beans and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen Lima beans that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of fairly young tender beans;
  • (b) possess a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) are fairly tender; and
  • (d) are fairly free from loose skins, splits, blemished beans and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) not more than 5%, by weight, of loose skins, split beans or broken beans;
  • (b) not more than 2%, by count, of beans showing blemishes caused by discolouration, insect injury or any other means; or
  • (c) not more than two pieces of extraneous vegetable matter in any one package but if such pieces are found present, they must not occur in an additional 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (passablement exempts)

"fairly tender" means a texture typical of fairly young tender beans which may be slightly mealy but not firm. (passablement tendres)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that not less than 75%, by count, of the beans possess a typical green colour with the remaining 25% being a lighter green shade, with not more than 5% of the total being white Lima beans. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good flavour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good characteristic normal flavour and odour of green Lima beans, free from objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"practically free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) not more than 2%, by weight of loose skins, split beans or broken beans;
  • (b) not more than 1%, by count, of beans showing blemishes caused by discolouration, insect injury or by any other means; or
  • (c) not more than one piece of extraneous vegetable matter
    • (i) per six 340 g (12 oz.) packages of beans; or
    • (ii) per three 907 g (2 lb) packages of beans. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that not less than 90% of the beans possess a typical green colour with the remaining 10% of a lighter green shade, with not more than 1% being white Lima beans. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"tender" means a texture typical of young tender Lima beans. (tendres)

(5) For the purposes of classifying defects in subsection (4),

  • (a) a loose skin is a whole detached bean skin or any portion aggregating in size that of an average whole bean skin;
  • (b) a split bean is a bean from which a half or more of a cotyledon or the equivalent of a cotyledon has become detached, or pieces of cotyledons aggregating the equivalent of an average size whole cotyledon; and
  • (c) a blemished bean is one that shows visible injury or mechanical damage in the form of discolouration, but which does not materially affect the appearance or edible qualities of the product.

Frozen Blueberries

Grade and Grade Names

64. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen blueberries are Canada A, Canada B and Canada C.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen blueberries that

  • (a) possess a good flavour characteristic of well-ripened blueberries;
  • (b) possess a uniform colour characteristic of well-ripened blueberries;
  • (c) are in good condition;
  • (d) are practically free from cap stems; and
  • (e) are practically free from defects including clusters, whole leaves or any portion of clusters and whole leaves, large stems, green berries, undeveloped blueberries, harmless extraneous material or other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen blueberries that

  • (a) possess a good flavour characteristic of well-ripened blueberries;
  • (b) possess a fairly uniform colour characteristic of well-ripened blueberries;
  • (c) are in fairly good condition;
  • (d) are fairly free from cap stems; and
  • (e) are fairly free from defects including clusters, whole leaves or any portion of clusters and whole leaves, large stems, green berries, undeveloped blueberries, harmless extraneous material or other defects.

(4) Canada C is the name for the grade of frozen blueberries that

  • (a) possess a flavour characteristic of well-ripened blueberries;
  • (b) possess a reasonably uniform colour characteristic of well-ripened blueberries;
  • (c) are in reasonably good condition;
  • (d) are reasonably free from cap stems; and
  • (e) are reasonably free from defects including clusters, whole leaves or any portion of clusters and whole leaves, large stems, green berries, undeveloped blueberries, harmless extraneous material or other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"cap stems" means

  • (a) small stems by which the berries are attached to the branches; and
  • (b) single or joined double cap stems with or without berries attached. (pédoncules)

"cluster" means three or more joined cap stems with or without berries attached. (grappe)

"condition" means the character and wholeness of the berries. (état)

"fairly free from cap stems" means that not more than 40 cap stems may be present in a 500 g (17.64 oz.) sample of frozen blueberries. (passablement exempts de pédoncules)

"fairly free from defects" means that for each 500 g (17.64 oz.) of net weight of frozen blueberries, there may be present

  • (a) whole leaves or any portion of leaves or large stems, if the total surface of that material together with any other harmless extraneous material does not exceed 9.68 cm2 (sq. in.) in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than a total of 60 berries that are green berries or undeveloped blueberries or edible berries other than blueberries, if not more than 20 of the 60 berries are undeveloped blueberries or edible berries other than blueberries; and
  • (c) not more than an average of 15 clusters in all sample units or containers comprising a sample, if there are not more than 25 clusters in any single sample unit or single package. (passablement exempts de défauts)

"fairly good condition" means that the blueberries are fairly firm and fairly fleshy and fairly whole and intact with not more than 20%, by weight, of blueberries that may be crushed, mushy or broken. (état passablement bon)

"fairly uniform colour" means that the blueberries possess a fairly uniform blue-purple or red-purple colour characteristic of well-ripened blueberries, excluding green berries. (couleur passablement uniforme)

"good condition" means that the blueberries are firm and fleshy and practically intact with not more than 10%, by weight, of blueberries that may be crushed, mushy or broken. (bon état)

"green berries" means blueberries that are not completely ripened and have a green colour anywhere on their surface. (bleuets verts)

"large stems" means the branches of the blueberry plant. (grosses tiges)

"practically free from cap stems" means that not more than 20 cap stems are present in a 500 g (17.64 oz.) sample of frozen blueberries. (à peu près exempts de pédoncules)

"practically free from defects" means that for each 500  g (17.64 oz.) of net weight of frozen blueberries there may be present:

  • (a) whole leaves or any portion of leaves or large stems, if the total surface of that material together with any other harmless extraneous material does not exceed 3.23 cm2 (½ sq. in.) in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than a total of 15 berries that are green berries or undeveloped blueberries or edible berries other than blueberries, if not more than 5 of the 15 berries are undeveloped blueberries, or edible berries other than blueberries; and
  • (c) not more than an average of five clusters in all sample units or containers comprising a sample, if there are not more than 10 clusters in any single sample unit or single package. (à peu près exempts de défauts)

"reasonably free from cap stems" means that not more than 60 cap stems may be present in a 500 g (17.64 oz.) sample of frozen blueberries. (raisonnablement exempts de pédoncules)

"reasonably free from defects" means that for each 500 g (17.64 oz.) of net weight of frozen blueberries there may be present

  • (a) whole leaves or any portion of leaves or large stems, if the total surface of that material together with any other harmless extraneous material does not exceed 16.13 cm2 (sq. in.) in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than a total of 100 berries that are green berries or undeveloped blueberries or edible berries other than blueberries, if not more than 50 of the 100 berries are undeveloped blueberries or edible berries other than blueberries; and
  • (c) not more than an average of 20 clusters in all sample units or containers comprising the sample, if there are not more than 30 clusters in any single sample unit or single package. (raisonnablement exempts de défauts)

"reasonably good condition" means that the blueberries are reasonably firm and reasonably fleshy and reasonably whole and intact with not more than 30%, by weight, of blueberries that may be crushed, mushy or broken. (état raisonnablement bon)

"reasonably uniform colour" means that the blueberries possess a reasonably uniform blue-purple or red-purple colour characteristic of ripe blueberries, excluding green berries. (couleur raisonnablement uniforme)

"red-purple" means the colour of berries that is between the blue-purple colour of well-ripened blueberries and green berries. (rouge violet)

"undeveloped blueberries" means dried or mummified blueberries that have wrinkled or toughened skins. (bleuets non développés)

"uniform colour" means that the blueberries possess a blue-purple colour characteristic of well-ripened blueberries, that there are not more than 5%, by weight, of blueberries present that are a red-purple colour, and there are no green berries. (couleur uniforme)

Frozen Whole Strawberries

Grade and Grade Names

65. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen whole strawberries are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen whole strawberries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened strawberries;
  • (c) have a practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) are practically uniform in size;
  • (e) are in good condition;
  • (f) are practically free from small cap stems, sepal-like bracts or portions of sepal-like bracts, green or dried berries and other defects;
  • (g) are at least 22 mm (⅞ inch) in diameter.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen whole strawberries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened strawberries;
  • (c) have a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (d) are fairly uniform in size;
  • (e) are in fairly good condition; and
  • (f) are fairly free from small cap stems, sepal-like bracts or portions of sepal-like bracts, green or dried berries and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than four uncapped berries with stems or sepal-like bracts attached as a result of poor hulling;
  • (b) not more than six green-tipped berries and two dried berries;
  • (c) not more than three pieces of leaf exceeding 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch);
  • (d) not more than 10%, by count, of berries showing any visible mechanical or insect injury; or
  • (e) a combination of the defects described in paragraphs (a) to (d), but if any two defects described in paragraphs (a) to (d) are present in the maximum quantity permitted by this definition, no other defects are present. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good condition" means not more than five berries or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), of the berries in a container are partly or entirely broken down and mushy. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the colour of the berries is a pink to red, characteristic of well-ripened strawberries of one or more like varieties and that not more than 10%, by count, of the berries stand apart from the others in colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that 75%, by count, of the berries in a package do not vary in size more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter measured cross-wise at the greatest width. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"good condition" means not more than two berries or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), in any one container are partly or entirely broken down and mushy. (bon état)

"good flavour" means that the product has a good characteristic, normal flavour and odour, and is free from any objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"practically free" from defects means that, for each 567 g (20 oz.) of net contents

  • (a) there may be present
    • (i) not more than two uncapped berries with stems or sepal-like bracts attached;
    • (ii) not more than three green-tipped berries and one dried berry;
    • (iii) not more than two pieces of leaf exceeding 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch); or
    • (iv) not more than 5%, by count, of the berries showing any visible mechanical or insect injury; or
  • (b) if any two of the defects described in subparagraphs (a)(i) to (iv) inclusive reach the allowable maximum tolerance prescribed in that subparagraph, all other defects are absent. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the colour of the berries is a bright pink to red, characteristic of well-ripened strawberries of one or more like varieties and that not more than 5% of the berries stand apart from the others in colour. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" means that 90%, by count, of the berries in a package do not vary in size more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter measured cross-wise at the greatest width. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the berries have the colour, shape and other characteristics of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

Frozen Sliced Strawberries

Grade and Grade Names

66. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen sliced strawberries are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen sliced strawberries that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened, properly prepared strawberries;
  • (b) have a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) have slices that possess good character and are in fairly good condition; and
  • (d) are practically free from small cap stems, sepal-like bracts or portions of sepal-like bracts, blemishes, dried berries and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen sliced strawberries that

  • (a) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened, properly prepared strawberries;
  • (b) have a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) have slices that possess fairly good character and are in reasonably good condition; and
  • (d) are fairly free from small cap stems, sepal-like bracts or portions of sepal-like bracts, blemishes, dried berries and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents

  • (a) there may be present
    • (i) not more than four stems, including not more than one stem exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in length;
    • (ii) an area of not more than 3.23 cm2 (½ square inch) of harmless extraneous material such as leaves, caps, and loose sepal-like bracts; or
    • (iii) not more than a total of 5%, by weight, of blemished, dried or damaged berries; or
  • (b) if any two of the defects described in subparagraphs (a)(i) to (iii) reach the allowable maximum tolerance, prescribed in that subparagraph, other defects are absent. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good character" means that the strawberry slices are reasonably firm and that the appearance and eating quality of the product are not seriously affected by disintegration or seediness of the fruit. (caractère passablement bon)

"fairly good condition" means that not more than 20%, by weight, in any one container consists of broken down and mushy strawberries. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the colour is a fairly uniform pink to red, characteristic of fairly well-ripened strawberries, and not more than 20% of the slices show white centres, in which less than one-half the surface area is a good characteristic pink to red colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good character" means that the strawberry slices are fairly firm and that the appearance and eating quality of the product are not materially affected by disintegration or seediness of the fruit. (bon caractère)

"good flavour" means that the product has a good characteristic normal flavour and odour and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents

  • (a) there may be present
    • (i) not more than two stems, including not more than one stem exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in length;
    • (ii) an area of not more than 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch) of harmless extraneous material such as leaves, caps and loose sepal-like bracts; or
    • (iii) not more than a total of 3%, by weight, of blemished, dried or damaged berries; or
  • (b) if any two of the defects described in subparagraphs (a)(i) to (iii) reach the allowable maximum tolerance prescribed in that subparagraph, other defects are absent. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the colour is a bright pink to red, characteristic of well-ripened strawberries, and not more than 10% of the slices show white centres, in which less than one-half of the surface area is a good characteristic pink to red colour. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably good condition" means that not more than 30%, by weight, in any one package consists of broken down and mushy strawberries. (raisonnablement bon état)

Frozen Broccoli (Cut or Chopped), Broccoli Spears

Grade and Grade Names

67. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen broccoli spears and frozen broccoli (cut or chopped) are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name of the grade of frozen broccoli that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour;
  • (b) possesses a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) consists of units that are practically uniform in size;
  • (d) consists of units that are young and tender; and
  • (e) are practically free from insect or mechanical injury, blemished portions and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen broccoli that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour;
  • (b) possesses a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) consists of units that are fairly uniform in size;
  • (d) consists of units that are fairly young and tender; and
  • (e) are fairly free from insect or mechanical injury, blemished portions and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"chopped broccoli" is the style of broccoli that consists of broccoli stalks or shoots not more than 19.05 mm (¾ inch) in length, cut or diced from broccoli stalks with or without any head material. (brocoli haché)

"cut broccoli" is the style of broccoli that consists of broccoli stalks or shoots not less than 19.05 mm (¾ inch) in length and head material in sufficient quantity to make up not less than 35%, by weight, of the finished product. (brocoli coupé)

"fairly free" from defects means not more than three units per package or 30%, by count (whichever is greater), of spears, cuts or pieces show damage caused by poor trimming, pithiness or hollow stems, insect or pathological injury. (passablement exempts)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the frozen broccoli possesses a characteristic green colour, which may be variable but is not an off-colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size", with reference to broccoli spears or frozen broccoli, means that not more than one unit per package or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), is less than 76 mm (3 inches) or more than 152 mm (6 inches) in length; and with reference to cut broccoli, it means that not more than 20%, by weight, of the units is less than 19.05 mm (¾ inch) or more than 50.8 mm (2 inches) in length. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"fairly young and tender", with reference to broccoli spears and cut broccoli, means that not less than 90% of the head material shows fairly compact head clusters with buds enlarged but not flowered or in the open stage and the remainder is fairly tender and free from any coarse, fibrous stalk portions; with reference to chopped broccoli, the pieces must be fairly tender and free from any coarse, stringy or fibrous development. (passablement jeunes et tendres)

"frozen broccoli" or "broccoli spears" must consist of the heads and the adjoining portions of the stems of fresh, clean, sound stalks or shoots of the broccoli plant, with or without attached leaves and ranging in length from not less than 76 mm (3 inches) to not more than 152 mm (6 inches). (brocoli congelé or pousses de brocoli)

"good flavour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good characteristic normal flavour and odour and is free from any objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"head material" means the buds or bud clusters of the broccoli plant, whether or not attached to stalks, and includes any attached portions of the stalks. (parties de la pomme)

"practically free" from defects means not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), of spears, cuts or pieces show damage caused by poor trimming, pithiness or hollow stems, insect or pathological injury. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the frozen broccoli possesses a characteristic green colour, which may include lighter coloured areas typical of young and tender broccoli that do not materially affect the appearance of the product. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size", with reference to broccoli spears or frozen broccoli, means that at least 80% of the stalks do not vary more than 50.8 mm (2 inches) in length and the diameter of the stalk, measured 25 mm (1 inch) from the bottom does not vary by more than 19.05 mm (¾ inch); with reference to cut broccoli, it means that not more than 10%, by weight, of the units must be less than 19.05 mm (¾ inch) or more than 50.8 mm (2 inches) in length. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"unit" means an individual stalk, trimmed spear or cut portion of frozen broccoli. (spécimen)

"young and tender", with reference to broccoli spears and cut broccoli, means that not less than 90% of the head material shows practically compact head clusters and individual bud clusters all practically closed and the remainder tender; with reference to chopped broccoli, the pieces are tender. (jeunes et tendres)

Frozen Brussels Sprouts

Grade and Grade Names

68. (1) There are four size designations of frozen Brussels sprouts with the size designations Small, Baby, Medium or Large as set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products.

(2) The grade and grade names for frozen Brussels sprouts are Canada A and Canada B.

(3) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen Brussels sprouts that

  • (a) possess a good flavour and odour;
  • (b) possess a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) possess a good character; and
  • (d) are practically free from poorly trimmed heads, mechanical or insect injury, blemishes and other defects.

(4) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen Brussels sprouts that

  • (a) possess a fairly good flavour and odour;
  • (b) possess a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) possess a reasonably good character; and
  • (d) are fairly free from poorly trimmed heads, mechanical or insect injury, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means

  • (a) not more than a slight trace of grit or silt;
  • (b) not more than 20%, by count, of the units are poorly trimmed; or
  • (c) not more than 10%, by count, of all the units may be damaged by mechanical, insect or pathological injury or by any other means to the extent that the appearance or eating quality is seriously affected. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good flavour and odour" means that the product, after cooking, may be lacking in good flavour and odour but is free from objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur passablement bonnes)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that not less than 80% of the heads are green to yellow-green colour on the outer surfaces and not more than two heads or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), may be partially or entirely yellow. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good character", in reference to the degree of development, texture and tenderness of the sprout heads, means that not less than 90%, by count, of the units are well formed, compact and reasonably firm and of the remainder not more than an occasional head may be soft and light in weight in comparison to its size. (bon caractère)

"good flavour and odour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good characteristic normal flavour and odour and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur et bonne odeur)

"poorly trimmed heads" means that

  • (a) the butt end is not trimmed smoothly and closely at the approximate point of attachment of the outer leaves; or
  • (b) the appearance of the unit is materially damaged by excessive cutting into the head. (spécimens parés imparfaitement)

"practically free" from defects means that

  • (a) no grit or silt is present that in any way affects the appearance or eating quality of the product;
  • (b) not more than 10%, by count, of units may be poorly trimmed; or
  • (c) not more than 5%, by count, of all the units are damaged by mechanical, insect or pathological injury or by any other means to the extent that the appearance or eating quality is materially affected. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that not less than 95% of the heads are green to yellow-green in colour on the outer surfaces and not more than one head or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), may be partially or entirely yellow. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably good character" means that not less than 50%, by count, of the heads are well formed, compact and reasonably firm and of the remainder not more than 10%, by count, may be soft and loose-structured. (caractère raisonnablement bon)

Frozen Carrots (Cut Carrots-Baby Whole Style, Cut Carrots-Whole Style, Diced Carrots, Sliced Carrots, Whole Carrots or Whole Baby Carrots)

Grade and Grade Names

69. (1) There are seven size designations of frozen carrots with the size designations Very Small, Small, Petite, Regular, Medium, Large or Extra Large as set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products.

(2) The grade and grade names for frozen carrots, including cut carrots-baby whole style, cut carrots-whole style, diced carrots, sliced carrots, whole carrots, and whole baby carrots, are Canada A and Canada B.

(3) Canada A is the name for the grade of cut carrots-baby whole style, cut carrots-whole style, diced carrots, sliced carrots, whole baby carrots or whole carrots that

  • (a) possess a good characteristic flavour;
  • (b) possess a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) consist of units that are tender;
  • (d) are practically uniform in size and shape; and
  • (e) are practically free from defects.

(4) Canada B is the name for the grade of cut carrots-baby whole style, cut carrots-whole style, diced carrots, sliced carrots, whole baby carrots or whole carrots that

  • (a) possess a good characteristic flavour;
  • (b) possess a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) consist of units that are tender;
  • (d) are fairly uniform in size and shape; and
  • (e) are fairly free from defects.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"cut carrots-baby whole style" means cut carrots-whole style that meet the size grading requirements set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products for the sizes "Very Small", "Small or Petite" or "Regular". (carottes coupées en forme de mini-carottes entières)

"cut carrots-whole style" means frozen units prepared by cutting whole carrots into shorter pieces and forming them to resemble whole carrots. (carottes coupées en forme de carottes entières)

"diced carrots" means frozen units prepared by cutting whole carrots into approximate cube-shaped units with no side exceeding 13 mm (½ inch). (carottes en dés)

"fairly free from defects" means

  • (a) in the case of cut carrots-baby whole style, cut carrots-whole style, whole baby carrots or whole carrots, that not more than 25%, by count, of all units are dirty, show evidence of blemishes, incomplete peeling, insect or mechanical injury or contain cracks that seriously affect the appearance or the edibility of the product;
  • (b) in the case of cut carrots-baby whole style, cut carrots-whole style, whole baby carrots or whole carrots, that not more than 35%, by count, of all units show cracks that are clean, not healed and do not seriously affect the appearance or the edibility of the product;
  • (c) in the case of diced carrots, that not more than 10%, by weight, of all units are dirty or show evidence of internal or external discolouration, incomplete peeling, blemishes or insect or mechanical injury; and
  • (d) in the case of sliced carrots, that not more than seven units per package, or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), of all units are dirty or show evidence of blemishes, incomplete peeling or insect or mechanical injury. (passablement exempts de défauts)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the units possess an orange-yellow colour that is fairly uniform and typical of carrots of similar varietal characteristics and that not more than 10%, by weight, for diced carrots and not more than 10%, by count, for all other styles of carrots, of the units in any one package, may be somewhat but not distinctly different from the overall colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size and shape" means

  • (a) in the case of cut carrots-baby whole style or whole baby carrots, that not more than 20%, by count, of the units are more than 22 mm (⅞ inch) in diameter and 130 mm (5 inches) in length and that no units exceed 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter and 140 mm (5 ½ inches) in length;
  • (b) in the case of cut carrots-whole style or whole carrots,
    • (i) that not more than 10%, by count, of the units are more than 38 mm (1 ½ inches) in diameter and that no unit exceeds 42 mm (1 ⅔ inches) in diameter; and
    • (ii) that 85%, by count, of the units do not vary more than 13 mm (⅓ inch) in diameter, from the largest to the smallest, and that the remaining 15% do not vary more than 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter, from the largest to the smallest,
  • (c) in the case of diced carrots, that the aggregate weight of all irregular shaped units and splinters does not exceed 20% of the weight of all the units; and
  • (d) in the case of sliced carrots, that the units are not more than 50.8 mm (2 inches) in diameter and not more than 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness and that the aggregate weight of all irregular shaped units and splinters does not exceed 10% of the weight of all units. (de grosseur et de forme passablement uniformes)

"good characteristic flavour" means the units, after cooking, have the typical flavour and odour of fresh young carrots and are free from objectionable flavours and odours of any kind. (bonne saveur caractéristique)

"irregular shaped units and splinters", means

  • (a) in the case of sliced carrots and diced carrots, large units in excess of normal size and units not shaped in accordance with the requirements set out in the respective definition, and the style declared; and,
  • (b) in the case of diced carrots, units smaller than one-half the volume of an average size cube of carrot. (spécimens de forme irrégulière et éclats)

"practically free from defects" means

  • (a) in the case of cut carrots-baby whole style, cut carrots-whole style, whole baby carrots or whole carrots, that not more than 15%, by count, of all units are dirty, show evidence of blemishes, incomplete peeling, insect or mechanical injury or defects containing cracks that seriously affect the appearance or the edibility of the product;
  • (b) in the case of cut carrots-baby whole style, cut carrots-whole style, whole baby carrots or whole carrots, that not more than 25%, by count, of all units show cracks that are clean, not healed and do not seriously affect the appearance or edibility of the product;
  • (c) in the case of diced carrots, that not more than 5%, by weight of all units, are dirty or show evidence of internal or external discolouration, incomplete peeling, blemishes, insect or mechanical injury; and
  • (d) in the case of sliced carrots, that not more than three units per package or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), are dirty or show evidence of blemishes, incomplete peeling or insect or mechanical injury. (à peu près exempts de défauts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the units possess an orange-yellow colour that is uniform, bright and typical of carrots of similar varietal characteristics and that not more than 5%, by weight, for diced carrots and not more than 5%, by count, for all other styles of carrots of the units in any one package may be somewhat but not distinctly different from the overall colour. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size and shape" means

  • (a) in the case of cut carrots-baby whole style or whole baby-carrots, that not more than 20%, by count, of the units are more than 22 mm (⅞ inch) in diameter and 100 mm (4 inches) in length and that no unit exceeds 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter and 110 mm (4 ⅓ inches) in length;
  • (b) in the case of cut carrots whole style or whole carrots,
    • (i) that not more than 5%, by count, of the units are more than 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter and that no units exceed 27 mm (1 1/12 inches) in diameter, and
    • (ii) that 85%, by count, of the units do not vary more than 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter, from the largest to the smallest, and the remaining 15% do not vary more than 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter, from the largest to the smallest;
  • (c) in the case of diced carrots, that the aggregate weight of all irregularly shaped units and splinters does not exceed 10% of the weight of all units; and
  • (d) in the case of sliced carrots, that the units are not more than 38 mm (1 ½ inches) in diameter and not more than 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness and that the aggregate weight of all irregular shaped units and splinters does not exceed 5% of the weight of all units. (de grosseur et de forme à peu près uniformes)

"similar varietal characteristics" means possessing the colour, texture and shape of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"sliced carrots" means frozen units prepared by cutting whole carrots in either a smooth or corrugated manner at right angles to the longitudinal axis into slices not more than 10 mm (⅜ inch) in thickness. (carottes tranchées)

"tender" means possessing a texture, typical of fresh young carrots, with units that may be somewhat firm but not fibrous. (tendres)

"unit" means an individual frozen piece of carrot in the case of cut carrots-baby whole style or cut carrots-whole style, an individual frozen cube of carrot in the case of diced carrots, an individual frozen slice of carrot in the case of sliced carrots, and an individual frozen carrot in the case of whole baby carrots or whole carrots. (spécimen)

"whole baby carrots" means whole carrots which meet the size grading requirements set out in Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products for the sizes "Very Small", "Small or Petite" or "Regular". (mini-carottes entières)

"whole carrots" means frozen original whole carrots. (carottes entières)

Frozen Cauliflower

Grade and Grade Names

70. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen cauliflower are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen cauliflower that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour and odour;
  • (b) has a practically uniform good colour and good character; and
  • (c) is practically free from blemished areas, mechanical or insect injury and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen cauliflower that

  • (a) possesses a fairly good flavour and odour;
  • (b) has a fairly good colour and fairly good character; and
  • (c) is fairly free from blemished areas, mechanical or insect injury and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that

  • (a) not more than a total of 30%, by weight, are poorly trimmed clusters; or
  • (b) not more than a total of 15%, by weight, are seriously damaged clusters showing visible blemished areas, insect or pathological injury in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch). (passablement exempts)

"fairly good character", when referring to the texture and development of the head, means that not less than 60%, by weight, of the cauliflower are at least reasonably firm with fairly compact clusters of buds or buttons and that the remainder of the units may be soft and ricey but not more than 10%, by weight, of the cauliflower may be broken down or mushy. (caractère passablement bon)

"fairly good colour" means that the buds or buttons may possess a slightly variable characteristic colour ranging from white or light cream to a rather dull white over the tops but that not less than two units per container or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), distinctly stand apart in colour from all other units in the container. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good flavour and odour" means that the product, after cooking, may be lacking in good flavour but is free from objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur et odeur passablement normales)

"good character", when referring to the texture and development of the head, means that not less than 80%, by weight, of the cauliflower are firm and compact clusters of buds or buttons and that the remainder of the units may be quite firm or slightly soft and slightly ricey. (bon caractère)

"good flavour and odour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good characteristic flavour free from any "off" flavours and odour and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur et bonne odeur)

"practically free" from defects means that

  • (a) not more than a total of 15%, by weight, are poorly trimmed clusters; or
  • (b) not more than a total of 10%, by weight, are damaged clusters showing visible blemished areas, insect or pathological injury in excess of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch). (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the buds or buttons possess a characteristic white to light cream colour over the tops, which colour may be slightly variable, but that not more than one unit per container or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), distinctly stands apart in colour from all other units in the container. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"unit" means an individual portion or section of a head which is not less than 19.05 mm (¾ inch) in the greatest dimension measured across the top of the cluster. (spécimen)

(5) For the purpose of classifying defects in subsection (4),

"clusters" means an individual portion or section of a head made up of buds or buttons and the adjoining stems or portions of stems and attached modified leaves or bracts. (grappe)

"poorly trimmed cluster" means that the appearance of the cluster is seriously affected by ragged cutting or gouging, or both, or is seriously affected by attached modified leaves or bracts; and (grappe mal parée)

"ricey units" are sections of a head on which the branches have become elongated, causing flower clusters to separate and present a loose or open appearance. (spécimens riziformes)

Frozen Cherries (Red, Sour, Pitted)

Grade and Grade Names

71. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen red, sour, pitted cherries are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen red, sour, pitted cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened cherries;
  • (c) have a practically uniform colour and maturity;
  • (d) possess a good character;
  • (e) are practically free from pits or pieces of pit; and
  • (f) are practically free from blemished cherries, mutilated cherries, hail damage, insect injury and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen red, sour, pitted cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened cherries;
  • (c) have a fairly uniform colour and maturity;
  • (d) possess a fairly good character;
  • (e) are fairly free from pits or pieces of pit; and
  • (f) are fairly free from blemished cherries, mutilated cherries, hail damage, insect injury and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) not more than 10% by count of blemished cherries with the blemish on the cherry being of abnormal appearance 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) in diameter or larger, and not more than 6%, by count, showing blemishes in excess of 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (b) not more than 20%, by count, of cherries that are mutilated, crushed or broken to the extent that the cherry does not conform to the shape and appearance of a properly pitted cherry; or
  • (c) not more than six pieces of harmless extraneous material per 13.61 kg. (30 lbs.) of net weight. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly free from pits or pieces of pit" means that there are not more than two pits or pieces of pit or two unpitted cherries for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net weight. (passablement exemptes de noyaux ou de morceaux de noyaux)

"fairly good character" means that the cherries possess a fairly firm, fleshy texture but are not soft, very thin fleshed or tough skinned. (caractère passablement bon)

"fairly uniform colour and maturity" means that 80%, by count, of the frozen red, sour, pitted cherries possess a colour that is bright and typical of fairly well-ripened cherries, not more than 5%, by count, of the cherries are so immature as to be yellow or light pink in colour and not more than 8%, by weight, of the cherries are discoloured due to oxidation. (couleur et maturité passablement uniformes)

"good character" means that the cherries possess a firm, fleshy texture typical of properly prepared, properly ripened red sour cherries. (bon caractère)

"good flavour" means that the product has a good normal, characteristic flavour of ripe cherries and is free from any objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"practically free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) not more than 5%, by count, of blemished cherries with the blemish on the cherry being of abnormal appearance 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) in diameter or larger, and not more than 2%, by count, showing blemishes in excess of 6.4 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (b) not more than 10%, by count, of cherries that are mutilated, crushed or broken to the extent that the cherry does not conform to the shape and appearance of a properly pitted cherry; or
  • (c) not more than four pieces of harmless extraneous material per 13.61  kg. (30 lbs.) of net weight. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically free from pits or pieces of pit" means that there is not more than one pit, piece of pit or one unpitted cherry for each 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net weight. (à peu près exemptes de noyaux ou de morceaux de noyaux)

"practically uniform colour and maturity" means that 90%, by count, of the frozen red, sour, pitted, cherries possess a colour that is bright and typical of well-ripened cherries, none of the cherries are so immature as to be yellow or light pink in colour and not more than 5%, by weight, of the cherries are discoloured due to oxidation. (couleur et maturité à peu près uniformes)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the cherries possess the size and shape conformation of one or more like varieties of the red sour varietal group. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

Frozen Cherries (Sweet)

Grade and Grade Names

72. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen sweet cherries are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen sweet cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened sweet cherries;
  • (c) have a practically uniform good colour characteristic of the varietal group;
  • (d) are firm and thick fleshed;
  • (e) are uniform in size;
  • (f) are practically free from pits or pieces of pit if the cherries are pitted; and
  • (g) are practically free from cracked or misshapen cherries, insect or mechanical injury, blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen sweet cherries that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened sweet cherries;
  • (c) have a fairly uniform good colour characteristic of the varietal group,
  • (d) are fairly firm and thick fleshed;
  • (e) are fairly uniform in size;
  • (f) are practically free from pits or pieces of pit if the cherries are pitted; and
  • (g) are fairly free from cracked or misshapen cherries, insect or mechanical injury, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 ounces) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than two cherries or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), that are misshapen or distinctly different in shape;
  • (b) not more than four cherries or 8%, by count (whichever is greater), that are damaged by cracks, rain checks in which the flesh of the cherry partly exudes and is exposed; or
  • (c) not more than two cherries or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), that are showing surface blemishes in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (passablements exemptes)

"fairly firm and thick fleshed", with reference to the character of the cherries, means that there are present not more than five soft and flabby cherries or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), per 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents. (chair passablement ferme et épaisse)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that although the cherries may be slightly dull in appearance, they are 80% uniform in colour, characteristic of the varietal group, and in addition, not more than 8%, by weight, are discoloured due to oxidation. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size" means that 80%, by count, of the cherries are of the most uniform diameter with the largest of the cherries not exceeding the smallest by more than 1.6 mm (1/16  inch). (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"firm and thick fleshed", with reference to the fleshiness and the texture of the cherries in relation to their maturity, means that there are present not more than two soft and flabby cherries or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), per 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents. (chair ferme et épaisse)

"good flavour" means that the product has a good normal characteristic flavour for the varietal group and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 ounces) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than one cherry or 2%, by count (whichever is greater), that is misshapen or distinctly different in shape;
  • (b) not more than two cherries or 4%, by count (whichever is greater), that are damaged by cracks, rain checks in which the flesh of the cherry partly exudes and is exposed; or
  • (c) not more than one cherry or 2%, by count (whichever is greater), that is showing surface blemishes in excess of 1.61 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (à peu près exemptes)

"practically free from pits or pieces of pit" means not more than one pit, piece of pit or one unpitted cherry in 1.7 kg (60 oz.) of net contents. (à peu près exemptes de noyaux ou de morceaux de noyaux)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the cherries are bright in appearance and are 90% uniform in colour characteristic of well-ripened sweet cherries of either the

"light" or "dark" varietal group and in addition not more than 5%, by weight, are discoloured due to oxidation. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the cherries are of the "light" sweet varietal group or of the "dark" sweet varietal group as described in subsection (5). (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"uniform in size" means that 90%, by count, of the cherries are of the most uniform diameter with the largest of the cherries not exceeding the smallest by more than 1.6 mm (1/16 inch). (grosseur uniforme)

(5) For the purposes of subsection (4), the varietal groups of frozen sweet cherries are as follows:

  • (a) "light" sweet type such as Napoleon or Royal Anne variety; and
  • (b) "dark" sweet type such as Bing or Lambert varieties.

Frozen Whole Kernel Corn

Grade and Grade Names

73. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen whole kernel corn are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen whole kernel corn that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a very good flavour typical of young tender sweet corn;
  • (c) possesses a practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) is tender;
  • (e) is well cut; and
  • (f) is practically free from silk, husk, pieces of cob, blemished kernels and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen whole kernel corn that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a fairly good flavour typical of fairly young tender sweet corn;
  • (c) possesses a fairly good colour;
  • (d) is fairly tender;
  • (e) is fairly well cut; and
  • (f) is fairly free from silk, husk, pieces of cob, blemished kernels and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that the combined defects present do not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product and that there are not more than six kernels with cob tissue attached in 2.84 kg (100 oz.) of net contents. (passablement exempt de défaut)

"fairly good colour" means that the product, while it may lack brightness, is not dull or greyish to the extent that the appearance is materially affected. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good flavour" means that the product, after cooking, may be lacking in good flavour but is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur passablement bonne)

"fairly tender" means that the kernels have a fairly tender texture offering only slight resistance when chewed. (passablement tendre)

"fairly well cut" means that the kernels are cut fairly evenly and neatly from the cob and are 90%, by weight, free from torn or ragged kernels. (passablement bien coupé)

"practically free" from defects means that the combined defects present do not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product and that there are not more than three kernels with cob tissue attached in 2.84 kg (100 oz.) of net contents. (à peu près exempt)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the product is bright and of a colour typical of young, tender corn of the variety. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means whole kernel corn of one colour variety. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"tender" means that the kernels have a tender texture and are in the milk or early cream stage of maturity. (tendre)

"very good flavour" means that the product, after cooking, has the flavour and odour of young tender corn free from any objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (très bonne saveur)

"well cut" means that the kernels are cut evenly and neatly from the cob and that the product is 95%, by weight, free from torn or ragged kernels. (bien coupé)

Frozen Corn on Cob

Grade and Grade Names

74. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen corn on cob are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen corn on cob that

  • (a) possesses the characteristics of Canada A frozen whole kernel corn with respect to flavour, colour and tenderness;
  • (b) are evenly cut and practically uniform in size;
  • (c) are well developed; and
  • (d) are practically free from poorly trimmed ears, damaged kernels and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen corn on cob that

  • (a) possesses the characteristics of Canada  B frozen whole kernel corn with respect to flavour, colour and tenderness;
  • (b) are evenly cut and fairly uniform in size;
  • (c) are fairly well developed; and
  • (d) are fairly free from poorly trimmed ears, damaged kernels and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that there may be

  • (a) not more than a trace of husk or a small amount of silk remaining on the cob;
  • (b) not more than one poorly trimmed ear in the sample unit in which the end or ends of the cob are rough or ragged in appearance; and
  • (c) not more than 10%, by count, of kernels in the sample unit damaged by discolouration, mechanical or pathological injury seriously affecting the appearance or eating quality of the product. (passablement exempts)

"fairly uniform in size" means that the cobs are cut fairly evenly with the length of the longest cob not exceeding the length of the shortest cob by more than 13 mm (½ inch) and the diameter of the largest cob not exceeding the diameter of the smallest cob by more than 13 mm (½ inch) if measured at its widest part. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"fairly well developed" means that the ears are at least 90% filled with kernels and the appearance is not seriously affected by missing or shrunken kernels. (passablement bien développés)

"practically free" from defects means that there may be

  • (a) no husk and not more than a small amount of silk remaining on the cob;
  • (b) no poorly trimmed ears in which the end or ends of a cob are rough or ragged in appearance; and
  • (c) not more than 5%, by count, of kernels in the sample unit damaged by discolouration, mechanical or pathological injury. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform in size" means that the cobs are cut evenly with the length of the longest cob not exceeding the length of the shortest cob by more than 13 mm (½ inch) and the diameter of the largest cob not exceeding the diameter of the smallest cob by more than 6.4 mm (¼ inch) if measured at its widest part. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"well developed" means that the ears are well filled with kernels and the appearance is not materially affected by missing or shrunken kernels. (bien développés)

Frozen Fruit Cocktail

Grade and Grade Names

75. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen fruit cocktail are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen fruit cocktail that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a good colour typical of each of the fruits in the mixture;
  • (c) possesses good character;
  • (d) is of a good maturity and texture; and
  • (e) is practically free from skin, blemishes, discoloured units, staining from artificially coloured cherries and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen fruit cocktail that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a fairly good colour typical of each of the fruits in the mixture;
  • (c) possesses fairly good character;
  • (d) is of a fairly good maturity and texture; and
  • (e) is fairly free from skin, blemishes, discoloured units, staining from artificially coloured cherries and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that the product is 90% free from units showing skin, blemishes or any heavy staining from artificially coloured cherries. (passablement exempt)

"fairly good character" means that the diced units are fairly well cut and fairly uniform in size and with not more than 20%, by drained weight, of soft mushy fruit. (caractère passablement bon)

"fairly good colour" means that each of the ingredients possesses a fairly uniform colour characteristic of the fruit; some variation in colour may exist between units but no units of any one fruit may stand more than slightly apart in colour other than because of artificial colour staining. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good texture" means a texture characteristic of well-ripened fruit with not more than three units per package or 5%, by count (whichever is greater), distinctly hard and no gritty pear units present. (texture passablement bonne)

"good character" means that the diced units are cleanly cut, practically uniform in size and with not more than 10%, by drained weight, of soft and mushy fruit. (bon caractère)

"good colour" means that each of the ingredients possesses a practically uniform bright colour characteristic of the fruit and there is little or no variation in colour between units of each fruit apart from some very slight colour staining from artificially coloured cherries. (bonne couleur)

"good flavour and odour" means that the product has a good, normal characteristic flavour and odour and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur et bonne odeur)

"good texture" means a texture characteristic of well-ripened fruit with no distinctly hard or gritty pear units present. (bonne texture)

"practically free" from defects means that the product is 98% free from units showing skin, blemishes or any noticeable staining from artificially coloured cherries. (à peu près exempt)

Frozen Fruits for Salad

Grade and Grade Names

76. The grade and grade names for frozen fruits for salads are the same as for frozen fruit cocktail, set out in section 75, except for the nature of cut and uniformity of count and size of the units.

Frozen Fruit Salad

Grade and Grade Names

77. The grade and grade names for frozen fruit salad are the same as for frozen fruit cocktail, set out in section 75.

Frozen Mixed Vegetables

Grade and Grade Names

78. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen mixed vegetables are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen mixed vegetables if every vegetable included in the mixture is of the grade Canada A.

(3) Canada B, is the name for the grade of frozen mixed vegetables if at least one vegetable included in the mixture is of the grade Canada B and the other vegetables are of that grade or the grade Canada A.

Special Blends of Frozen Vegetables

General Requirements

79. (1) Special blends of frozen vegetables are the products prepared by combining one or more vegetables for which grades are established in this Part with one or more vegetables for which grades are not established in this Part and by freezing and storing the combined vegetables at temperatures necessary for the preservation of the product.

Grade and Grade Names

(2) The grade and grade names for special blends of frozen vegetables are Canada A and Canada B.

(3) Canada A is the name for the grade of a special blend of frozen vegetables if every vegetable that is in the blend and for which grades are established in this Part is of the grade Canada A and the other vegetables in the blend

  • (a) have a good flavour and odour;
  • (b) are free from objectionable flavours and odours; and
  • (c) have a tender texture with units that may be somewhat firm but not fibrous; and

(4) Canada B is the name for the grade of a special blend of frozen vegetables if

  • (a) at least one vegetable that is in the blend and for which grades are established in this Part is of the grade Canada B;
  • (b) the other vegetables that are in the blend and for which grades are established in this Part are of the grade Canada B or of the grade Canada A; and
  • (c) the vegetables that are in the blend and for which grades are not established in this Part are
    • (i) free from objectionable flavours and odours; and
    • (ii) have a fairly tender texture with units that may be firm but are not distinctly fibrous, tough or woody.

Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice

Grade and Grade Names

80. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen concentrated orange juice are Canada A, Canada B and Canada C.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen concentrated orange juice in prepackaged product form that, when reconstituted

  • (a) has the appearance of fresh orange juice;
  • (b) shows no separation or coagulation of material;
  • (c) has a very good colour;
  • (d) has a very good flavour;
  • (e) is practically free from defects;
  • (f) has a Brix content of not less than 11.8;
  • (g) has a Brix/acid ratio minimum of 12.5/1; and
  • (h) has a recoverable oil percentage by volume of 0.010 to 0.035.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen concentrated orange juice in prepackaged product form that, when reconstituted

  • (a) has the appearance of fresh orange juice;
  • (b) shows no separation or coagulation of material;
  • (c) has a good colour;
  • (d) has a good flavour;
  • (e) is reasonably free from defects;
  • (f) has a Brix content of not less than 10.6;
  • (g) has a Brix/acid ratio minimum of 12.5/1; and
  • (h) has a maximum recoverable oil percentage by volume of 0.035.

(4) Canada C is the name for the grade of frozen concentrated orange juice in prepackaged product form that, when reconstituted

  • (a) has the appearance of fresh orange juice;
  • (b) shows no separation or coagulation of material;
  • (c) has a good colour;
  • (d) has a good flavour;
  • (e) is reasonably free from defects;
  • (f) has a Brix content of not less than 9.7;
  • (g) has a Brix/acid ratio minimum of 10.0/1; and
  • (h) has a maximum recoverable oil percentage by volume of 0.040.

Definitions

(5) The following definitions apply in this section.

"acid" means the percentage by weight of the total acidity, calculated as anhydrous citric acid, as determined by titration. (acide)

"Brix content" means the refractometric sucrose content to which the applicable correction for acid is added, and determined in accordance with a refractometric method. (valeur Brix)

"Brix/acid ratio" means the ratio of Brix content of the juice to the grams of anhydrous citric acid per 100 g. (3.53 oz.) of the juice. (rapport Brix/acide)

"defects" means any seeds or portion of seeds, specks, particles of membrane, core, peel or any other distinctive features that adversely affect the appearance or drinking quality of the orange juice. (défauts)

"good colour" means that colour that is characteristic of orange juice. (bonne couleur)

"good flavour" means the flavour that is characteristic of orange juice extracted from fresh, mature, sweet oranges that may be slightly affected by processing, packaging or storage conditions. (bonne saveur)

"practically free from defects" means the presence of defects that do not detract from the appearance or drinking quality of the orange juice. (à peu près exempt de défauts)

"reasonably free from defects" means the presence of defects that do not seriously affect the appearance or the drinking quality of the orange juice. (raisonnablement exempt de défauts)

"reconstituted" with respect to frozen concentrated orange juice, means the form of orange juice that results when frozen concentrated orange juice is thoroughly mixed with the amount of water indicated on the label of the container. (reconstitué)

"recoverable oil" means the volume of oil that may be recovered from the reconstituted juice (huile recouvrable).

"separation" means the separation of orange juice whereby lighter suspended material rises upward and heavier suspended material sinks downward leaving between the two materials a clear or transparent liquid. (séparation)

"very good colour" means that colour of orange juice which is better than good colour. (très bonne couleur)

"very good flavour" means the flavour that is fine, distinct and characteristic of orange juice that is extracted from fresh, mature, sweet oranges. (très bonne saveur)

Frozen Peaches (Halved, Sliced, Diced or Quartered)

Grade and Grade Names

81. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen peaches, halves, halved, slices, sliced, diced, quarters, or quartered, are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen peaches that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened peaches;
  • (c) have practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) have units that are practically uniform in size;
  • (e) are in good condition;
  • (f) are free from pits or portions of pit; and
  • (g) are practically free from stems, peel, bruised spots, hail damage, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen peaches that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour typical of well-ripened peaches;
  • (c) have fairly uniform good colour;
  • (d) have units that are fairly uniform in size;
  • (e) are in fairly good condition;
  • (f) are practically free from pits or portions of pit; and
  • (g) are fairly free from stems, peel, bruised spots, hail damage, insect or mechanical injury and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"diced" frozen peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut into approximate cubes. (en dés)

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 6.45 cm2 (1 square inch) of peel in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing mechanical damage resulting from trimming the peach in which the unit shows that the trimming occurred over and above that required to halve or quarter the peach; or
  • (c) not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), showing discoloured bruising, hail damage or insect injury in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good condition" means that the units possess a texture typical of mature, well-ripened peaches; some definite softening and fraying of the cut edges may be present and, with respect to halves or quarters, not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), are decidedly soft and flattened out while still retaining their normal shape; with respect to sliced peaches, 65% of the slices are well formed and intact with not more than 35% slivers or broken down pieces; with respect to diced peaches, not more than 20%, by drained weight, of broken down and mushy fruit. (passablement bon état)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the units possess a fairly bright colour typical of mature, well-ripened, properly prepared frozen peaches and show only some slight browning due to oxidation or any other cause; and in addition not more than two units or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), may show a deeper or lesser colour readily discernible but no unit is so immature as to be a distinct greenish colour. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size", with respect to frozen halved or quartered peaches, means that not more than two units per package or 20%, by count (whichever is greater), vary more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter; with respect to sliced peaches, 70%, by count, of the slices are of the same general size and shape of an average slice in the package; frozen diced peaches are exempt in regard to size requirements. (grosseur passablement uniforme)

"free from pits or portions of pit" means that if a pit or pit material is present in any one package, no further evidence of pit material is present in an additional 2.84 kg (100 oz.) of net contents. (exemptes de noyaux ou de parties de noyaux)

"good condition" means that the units possess a tender, fleshy texture typical of mature, well-ripened peaches with clean cut edges, and with respect to halves or quarters, not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), show evidence of definite softening or fraying of edges on the inside cup of the peach half or quarter; with respect to sliced peaches, 85% of the slices are well formed and intact with not more than 15% slivers or broken down pieces; with respect to diced peaches, not more than 10%, by drained weight, of broken down and mushy fruit. (bon état)

"good flavour" means a good, normal flavour characteristic of well-ripened peaches and free from any objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"halves" or "halved" frozen peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut approximately in half along the suture from stem to apex. (en moitiés)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 425 g (15 oz.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) not more than 3.23 cm2 (½ square inch) of peel in aggregate; or
  • (b) not more than one unit or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), showing discoloured blemishes, hail damage or insect injury in excess of 0.81 cm2 (⅛ square inch). (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the units possess a bright colour typical of mature, well-ripened, properly prepared frozen peaches that are free from any slight brownish colour due to oxidation or other causes. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size" with respect to halved or quartered frozen peaches means that not more than one unit per package or 10%, by count (whichever is greater), vary more than plus or minus 3.2 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter if measured across the inside centre on the shortest axis; with respect to sliced peaches, 90%, by count, of the slices are of the same general size and shape of an average slice in the package; frozen diced peaches are exempt in regard to size requirements. (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"quarters" or "quartered" frozen peaches are halved peaches cut into two approximately equal parts. (en quartiers)

"similar varietal characteristics" means peaches that possess the texture and formation of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"slices" or "sliced" frozen peaches are peeled and pitted peaches cut in sectors smaller than quarters. (en tranches)

"unit" means an individual half, a slice, a quarter or a cube in frozen peaches. (spécimen)

Frozen Peas

Grade and Grade Names

82. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen peas are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen peas that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a good flavour;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform good colour;
  • (d) are tender; and
  • (e) are practically free from loose skins, splits, broken peas, spotted or otherwise discoloured peas, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen peas that

  • (a) possess similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possess a fairly good flavour;
  • (c) possess a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (d) are fairly tender; and
  • (e) are fairly free from skins, splits, broken peas, spotted or otherwise discoloured peas, harmless extraneous vegetable matter and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) in approximately 1.41 kg (50 oz.) of net contents not more than one piece or pieces of vegetable material common to the pea plant having an aggregate area of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch), or not more than one thistle bud or other spherical piece of vegetable matter from other plants, and not more than one cylindrical piece or pieces of vegetable material from other plants not exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in length in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than a combined total of 10%, by count, of broken peas, split peas or loose skins; or
  • (c) not more than 0.75%, by count, of spotted or otherwise discoloured peas. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good flavour" means that although the peas may be lacking in good flavour, they are characteristic of the maturity and are free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (saveur passablement bonne)

"fairly tender", as determined in the cooked product, means that the frozen peas, after cooking, are fairly tender or not more than slightly mealy upon eating, and when determined on the basis of the brine flotation test, "fairly tender" means that the peas are in such a stage of maturity that not more than 12%, by count, of the peas (skins removed) may sink in a solution containing 15%, by weight, of salt. (passablement tendres)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the frozen peas possess a fairly bright and fairly uniform, green colour typical for the variety, that any peas which vary markedly from such typical green colour do not materially affect the overall colour appearance, and that not more than 1%, by count, of the peas may be "blond", or cream coloured or seriously detract from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good flavour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good characteristic flavour and odour of young tender peas and is free from objectionable flavours or objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"practically free" from defects means that there may be present

  • (a) in approximately 2.84 kg (100 oz.) of net contents not more than one piece or pieces of vegetable material common to the pea plant having an aggregate area of 1.61 cm2 (¼ square inch), or not more than one thistle bud or other spherical piece of vegetable matter from other plants, and not more than one cylindrical piece or pieces of vegetable material from other plants not exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in length in the aggregate;
  • (b) not more than a combined total of 7%, by count, of broken peas, split peas or loose skins; or
  • (c) not more than 0.5%, by count, of spotted or otherwise discoloured peas. (à peu près exempts)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the frozen peas possess a bright, practically uniform, good green colour that is typical for the variety, that any peas which may noticeably vary from that typical green colour do not more than slightly affect the overall colour appearance, and that not more than 0.5%, by count, of the peas are "blond" or cream coloured or seriously detract from the overall colour appearance of the product. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the peas possess the colour and shape of one or more like varieties. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

"tender" as determined in the cooked product, means that the frozen peas after cooking are very tender upon eating, and when determined on the basis of the brine flotation test, "tender" means that the peas are in such a stage of maturity that not more than 10%, by count, of the peas (skins removed) sink in a solution containing 13%, by weight, of salt. (tendres)

(5) For the purposes of classifying defects in subsection (4),

"broken pea" means one that, while having little or none of its interior substance separated from it, is crushed or broken from the natural shape, but does not include a skin or a cracked pea that does not materially affect the shape of the pea. (pois brisé)

"loose skin" means a whole detached pea skin or portions of detached pea skin aggregating the approximate equivalent of an average size whole pea skin. (peau lâche)

"split pea" means one from which a cotyledon or a large portion of a cotyledon has become detached or two whole detached cotyledons or pieces of detached cotyledons aggregating the size of an average pea and that can be counted as one. (pois fendu)

"spotted pea" means one that has discoloured markings on its surface distinctly setting it apart from other peas in the container. (pois tacheté)

(6) For the purposes of evaluating tenderness in frozen peas on the basis of brine flotation test, the following procedure is used:

  • (a) brine solutions are based on the percentage by weight of pure salt (NaCl) in a solution at 20 degrees Celsius;
  • (b) brine solutions are standardized to the proper specific gravity equivalent to the specified "per cent of salt in solution" by using a salometer spindle accurately calibrated at 20 degrees Celsius;
  • (c) a glass beaker or similar receptacle is filled with the brine solution to a depth of approximately 50.8 mm (2 inches);
  • (d) this brine solution and the sample for testing are at the same temperature, which closely approximates 20 degrees Celsius;
  • (e) after the skins are carefully removed from the peas, the peas are placed in the solution;
  • (f) pieces of peas and loose skins are not be used in making the brine flotation test;
  • (g) only peas that sink to the bottom of the receptacle within 10 seconds after immersion are counted as "peas that sink"; and
  • (h) if cotyledons divide, both cotyledons are used in the test and the two separated cotyledons are considered as one pea, and if an odd cotyledon sinks, it is considered as one pea.

Frozen Peas and Carrots (Diced, Sliced or Whole), Frozen Carrots (Diced, Sliced or Whole) and Peas

Grade and Grade Names

83. The grade and grade names for frozen peas and diced, sliced or whole carrots are Canada A and Canada B, graded on the basis of the frozen peas and frozen diced, sliced or whole carrots for which grades are set out in section 82 and section 69, respectively .

Frozen French Fried Potatoes (Straight Cut or Regular Cut, Shoestring or Julienne, Crinkle Cut, Crinkle Cut Shoestring or Crinkle Cut Julienne)

Grade and Grade Names

84. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen french fried potatoes that are straight cut or regular cut, shoestring or julienne, crinkle cut, crinkle cut shoestring or crinkle cut julienne are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the grade name for the grade of frozen french fried potatoes that

  • (a) are practically free from defects;
  • (b) are practically uniform in size and shape;
  • (c) possess a practically uniform colour; and
  • (d) when prepared according to label instructions, possess a good texture and a good characteristic flavour and aroma.

(3) Canada B is the grade name for the grade of frozen french fried potatoes that

  • (a) are fairly free from defects;
  • (b) are fairly uniform in size and shape;
  • (c) possess a fairly uniform colour; and
  • (d) when prepared according to label instructions, possess a fairly good texture and a fairly good characteristic flavour and aroma.

(4) For the purpose of this section,

  • (a) freedom from defects and uniformity in size and shape is evaluated while the product is in the frozen state;
  • (b) colour is evaluated initially while the product is in a frozen state and confirmed after it has been prepared according to label instructions; and
  • (c) texture, flavour and aroma is evaluated after the product has been prepared according to label instructions.

(5) The factors referred to in subsection (4) are evaluated in the order set out in that subsection.

(6) If, in respect of one of the factors referred to in subsection (4), the unit does not meet the applicable requirement set out in subsection (2) or (3), the unit is defective.

Definitions

(7) The following definitions apply in this section.

"crinkle cut" means cut into strips with corrugated surfaces, and generally having cross-sectional dimensions not less than 7 mm (9/32 inch) by 7 mm (9/32 inch) and not more than 13 mm (½ inch) by 13 mm (½ inch). (coupe ondulée)

"crinkle cut shoestring" or "crinkle cut julienne" means cut into strips with corrugated surfaces and generally having cross-sectional dimensions less than 7 mm (9/32 inch) by 7 mm (9/32 inch). (paille en coupe ondulée or julienne en coupe ondulée)

"fairly free from defects" means that in 1 kg (2.21 lbs.) of net contents of the product there may be present

  • (a) not more than seven serious defects;
  • (b) not more than a total of 21 serious and major defects; and
  • (c) not more than a total of 60 serious, major and minor defects. (passablement exemptes de défauts)

"fairly good characteristic flavour and aroma" means that the product possesses a flavour and aroma that may be slightly scorched or caramelized but does not detract from the edibility of the product and is not off-flavour or off-odour. (saveur et arôme caractéristiques passablement bons)

"fairly good texture" means that while the product is still hot

  • (a) the external surfaces of the units may be slightly hard or slightly tough, with not more than a moderate separation from the inner portion and the units are fairly free of excess oil; and
  • (b) not more than 10%, by weight, of the units are soggy. (texture passablement bonne)

"fairly uniform colour" means that the colour is fairly even, may be slightly dull and must range from a very light cream colour to a brown colour and that not more than 10% by weight of the units may distinctly stand apart from the general colour. (couleur passablement uniforme)

"fairly uniform in size and shape" means that not more than 12%, by weight, of the units are small pieces and slivers. (grosseur et forme passablement similaires)

"good characteristic flavour and aroma" means that the product possesses flavour and aroma typical of properly prepared frozen french fried potatoes and is free from rancidity, bitterness, a scorched or caramelized flavour, or other off-flavour or off-odour. (bonne saveur et arôme caractéristiques)

"good texture" means that while the product is still hot

  • (a) the external surfaces of the units are moderately crisp, show no noticeable separation from the inner portion and are almost free of excess oil; and
  • (b) not more than 3%, by weight, of the units are soggy. (bonne texture)

"major defect" means a unit affected by disease, dark or intense discolouration, or dark peel, which in the aggregate covers an area of 40 mm2 (6¼ square inches) to 125 mm2 (19 ⅜ square inches). (défaut majeur)

"minor defect" means a unit

  • (a) affected by disease, dark or intense discolouration, or dark peel, which in the aggregate covers an area of 8 mm2 (1 ¼ square inches) to 40 mm2 (6¼ square inches); or
  • (b) having a pale brown peel or light discolouration equivalent to an area equal or greater than 8 mm2 (1 ¼ square inches). (défaut mineur)

"practically free from defects" means that in 1 kg (2.21 lbs.) of net contents there may be present

  • (a) in the case of frozen french fried potatoes straight cut or regular cut or crinkle cut
    • (i) not more than four serious defects;
    • (ii) not more than a total of 12 serious and major defects;
    • (iii) not more than a total of 36 serious, major and minor defects; and
  • (b) in the case of frozen french fried potatoes shoestring, or julienne or crinkle cut shoestring or crinkle cut julienne
    • (i) not more than four serious defects;
    • (ii) not more than a total of 16 serious and major defects; and
    • (iii) not more than a total of 45 serious, major and minor defects. (à peu près exemptes de défauts)

"practically uniform colour" means that the colour is practically even, bright and typical of properly prepared frozen french fried potatoes and must range from a very light cream colour to a deep golden colour and that not more than 5%, by weight, of the units may distinctly stand apart from the general colour. (couleur à peu près uniforme)

"practically uniform in size and shape" means that

  • (a) not more than 6%, by weight, of the units are small pieces and slivers; and
  • (b) 90%, by weight, of the units are not less than 37 mm (1 ½ inches) in length. (grosseur et forme à peu près similaires)

"serious defect" means a unit affected by disease, dark or intense discolouration, or dark peel, which in the aggregate covers an area greater than 125 mm2 (19 ⅜ square inches). (défaut grave)

"shoestring" or "julienne" means cut into strips, with smooth surfaces, and generally having cross-sectional dimensions less than 7 mm (9/32 inch) by 7 mm (9/32 inch). (paille or julienne)

"sliver" means a very thin unit, generally an edge piece, that has substantially smaller average cross-sectional dimensions than the predominant size of the units and that has less than one third of the weight of an average unit of the same length. (éclat)

"small piece" means a unit less than 25 mm (1 inch) in length. (petit morceau)

"soggy" means that the unit is limp, doughy or waterlogged or any combination being limp, doughy or waterlogged, and lacks body or character. (flasque)

"straight cut" or "regular cut" means cut into strips with smooth surfaces and generally having cross-sectional dimensions not less than 7 mm (9/32 inch) by 7 mm (9/32 inch) and not more than 13 mm (½ inch) by 13 mm (½ inch). (coupe droite or coupe régulière)

"unit" means one of the pieces comprising the product. (spécimen)

Frozen Cooked Squash

Grade and Grade Names

85. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen cooked squash are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen cooked squash that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour typical of well-matured fresh squash;
  • (b) possesses a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) possesses a smooth fine finish and a heavy thick consistency; and
  • (d) is practically free from particles of seed, rind, fibre and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen cooked squash that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour typical of well-matured fresh squash;
  • (b) possesses a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) possesses a fairly smooth finish and a reasonably thick consistency; and
  • (d) is fairly free from particles of seed, rind, fibre and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that while particles of rind, fibre and seeds may be present, such particles do not appear in sufficient quantity or numbers to seriously affect the appearance or edibility of the product. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly smooth finish" means that the product possesses a fairly smooth finish that may be somewhat grainy but not coarse. (fini passablement doux)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the frozen product is fairly bright and possesses a fairly uniform colour typical of reasonably well-matured fresh squash. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good flavour" means that the product, after heating, has a good normal characteristic flavour and odour of ripe squash and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur)

"heavy thick consistency" means that the product is thick and heavy and from it there is no more than a slight separation of free liquid. (consistance lourde et épaisse)

"practically free" from defects means that while traces of minute particles of rind, fibre or seed may be present, such particles must not be noticeable in a general survey and that defects present do not in any way detract from the appearance or edibility of the product. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the frozen product is uniformly bright and possesses a colour typical of well-matured fresh squash. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably thick consistency" means that the product is reasonably heavy and from it there is not an excessive amount of free liquid. (consistance raisonnablement épaisse)

"smooth fine finish" means that the product is smooth and fine grained. (fini fin et doux)

Frozen Uncooked Squash (Diced or Cubed)

Grade and Grade Names

86. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen uncooked diced or cubed squash are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen uncooked squash that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a practically uniform good colour;
  • (c) possesses a good character;
  • (d) is of a tender texture; and
  • (e) is practically free from skin, blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen uncooked squash that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a fairly uniform good colour;
  • (c) possesses a fairly good character;
  • (d) is of a reasonably tender texture; and
  • (e) is fairly free from skin, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"defective units" are cubes showing any skin, blemishes or discoloured areas that materially affect the appearance and edibility of the product. (spécimens défectueux)

"fairly free" from defects means that the aggregate weight of all defective units does not exceed 10% of the total weight of all the units. (passablement exemptes)

"fairly good character" means that the cubes are fairly clean cut not exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in measurement and with not more than 10%, by weight, of chips, splinters or irregularly shaped units. (caractère passablement bon)

"fairly uniform good colour" means that the product is fairly bright and possesses a colour fairly typical of fresh squash. (bonne couleur passablement uniforme)

"good character" means that the cubes are clean cut not exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in measurement and with not more than 5%, by weight of chips, splinters or irregularly shaped units. (bon caractère)

"good flavour and odour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good normal flavour and odour of fresh squash and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur et bonne odeur)

"practically free" from defects means that the aggregate weight of all defective units does not exceed 5% of the total weight of all the units. (à peu près exemptes)

"practically uniform good colour" means that the product is uniformly bright and possesses a colour typical of fresh squash. (bonne couleur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably tender" means a texture that may be quite firm but not hard or overly soft. (raisonnablement tendres)

"tender" means that the product has a tender texture that may be slightly firm but not hard or soft. (tendres)

"unit" means an individual cube in frozen uncooked squash. (spécimen)

Frozen Rhubarb (Cut)

Grade and Grade Names

87. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen cut rhubarb are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen rhubarb that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a good flavour and odour;
  • (c) possesses a good colour;
  • (d) has a good texture;
  • (e) has units or pieces that are practically uniform in size; and
  • (f) are practically free from root ends, leaf ends, ragged irregular units, blemishes and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen rhubarb that

  • (a) possesses similar varietal characteristics;
  • (b) possesses a good flavour and odour;
  • (c) possesses a fairly good colour;
  • (d) has a fairly good texture;
  • (e) has units or pieces that are reasonably uniform in size; and
  • (f) are fairly free from root ends, leaf ends, ragged irregular units, blemishes and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly free" from defects means that the frozen rhubarb possesses not more than a total of 20%, by count, of stem or root ends that are not properly trimmed or are damaged to the extent that the appearance and edibility is seriously affected. (passablement exempte)

"fairly good colour" means that the product has a fairly bright appearance and a colour characteristic of the type or variety which may be slightly dull or greyish but is not an off-colour. (couleur passablement bonne)

"fairly good texture" means that the frozen rhubarb possesses a tender texture with not more than 20%, by count, of pieces that are tough, pithy or stringy differing distinctly in tenderness from the general texture of the product. (texture passablement bonne)

"good colour" means that the product has a bright appearance and a colour that is characteristic of the type or variety. (bonne couleur)

"good flavour and odour" means that the product has a good, normal characteristic flavour of fresh rhubarb and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur et bonne odeur)

"good texture" means that the frozen rhubarb possesses a tender texture with not more than 10%, by count, of the units that are pithy, spongy or stringy differing noticeably in tenderness from the general texture of the product. (bonne texture)

"practically free" from defects means that the frozen rhubarb possesses not more than a total of 10%, by count, of root or stem ends that are not properly trimmed or units that are damaged in any way. (à peu près exempte)

"practically uniform in size" means that the units are cleanly cut, not more than 38 mm (1½ inches) and not less than 13 mm (½ inch) in length and with 90% of the units not varying in length by more than 13 mm (½ inch). (grosseur à peu près uniforme)

"reasonably uniform in size" means that the units are cleanly cut, not more than 38 mm (1½ inches) and not less than 13 mm (½ inch) in length and with 80% of the units not varying in length by more than 13 mm (½ inch). (grosseur raisonnablement uniforme)

"similar varietal characteristics" means that the rhubarb is of one type, either the crimson type that is predominately reddish pink in colour or the green type that is predominately green in colour. (caractéristiques variétales analogues)

Frozen Spinach (Whole Leaf, Cut or Chopped)

Grade and Grade Names

88. (1) The grade and grade names for frozen whole leaf, cut, or chopped spinach are Canada A and Canada B.

(2) Canada A is the name for the grade of frozen spinach that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour and odour typical of fresh spinach;
  • (b) possesses a uniform typical green colour;
  • (c) has good character;
  • (d) is free from any grit, sand or silt; and
  • (e) is practically free from any harmless extraneous leafy matter, seedy heads, root stubs, blemished or wilted leaves and other defects.

(3) Canada B is the name for the grade of frozen spinach that

  • (a) possesses a good flavour and odour;
  • (b) possesses a fairly good colour;
  • (c) has fairly good character;
  • (d) contains not more than a trace of grit, sand or silt; and
  • (e) is fairly free from any harmless extraneous leafy matter, seedy heads, root stubs, blemished or wilted leaves and other defects.

Definitions

(4) The following definitions apply in this section.

"chopped" spinach is the style of frozen spinach that consists of the leaf and adjoining portion of the stem that has been chopped into small pieces less than 19.05 mm (¾ inch) in the longest dimension. (hachés)

"cut leaf" spinach is the style of frozen spinach that consists of the leaf and adjoining portion of the stem that has been cut into pieces 19.05 mm (¾ inch) or more in the longest dimension. (en feuilles coupées)

"fairly free" from defects means that for each 340 g (12 oz.) of net contents, there may be present

  • (a) not more than two root stubs or root crowns;
  • (b) not more than four seedy heads;
  • (c) not more than five blemished or wilted leaves; or
  • (d) grass or weeds aggregating not more than 203 mm (8 inches) in length of which none may be more than 13 mm (½ inch) in width measured at the widest point transversely to the long axis. (passablement exempts)

"fairly good character" means that the spinach is mostly tender and may possess a few coarse or tough leaves and stems or portions of stems and that the appearance of the product is not seriously affected by shredded, torn or ragged leaves and stems. (caractère passablement bon)

"fairly good colour" means that the frozen spinach possesses a fairly uniform characteristic green colour which may be somewhat dull and variable in colour but not to the extent that the appearance of the frozen product is seriously affected. (couleur passablement bonne)

"good character" means that the spinach is tender and free from any coarse or tough leaves and stems or portions of stems and is practically free from any ragged and torn leaves and stems that materially affect the appearance of the product. (bon caractère)

"good flavour and odour" means that the product, after cooking, has a good characteristic, normal flavour and odour and is free from objectionable flavours and objectionable odours of any kind. (bonne saveur et bonne odeur)

"practically free" from defects means that for each 340 g (12 oz.) of net contents, there may be present

  • (a) not more than one root stub or root crown;
  • (b) not more than two seedy heads;
  • (c) not more than three blemished or wilted leaves; or
  • (d) grass or weeds aggregating not more than 102 mm (4 inches) in length of which none may be more than 13 mm (½ inch) in width measured at the widest point transversely to the long axis. (à peu près exempts)

"trace of grit, sand or silt" means an amount that is noticeable but does not seriously affect the appearance or the eating quality of the product. (trace de terre, sable ou gravier)

"uniform typical green colour" means that the frozen spinach possesses a good, bright, uniform characteristic green colour typical of young spinach. (couleur uniforme)

"whole leaf" spinach is the style of frozen spinach that consists substantially of the leaf and adjoining portion of the stem. (à feuilles entières)

Part 3 Size Grading for Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products

89. For the vegetables that are set out in Column 1 of an item of the Table of Size Designations of Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products to this section, which have a size designation as set out in Columns 2 or 3, the sizes corresponding to those size designations are set out in Column 4 of the item.

Table of Size Designations of Processed Fruit or Vegetable Products
Item Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4
Processed fruit or vegetable product Size Designation Optional Size Designation Size
1 Beans (Green or Wax) in a hermetically sealed package – Rounded (Diameter)Footnote 1 Size 1 SmallFootnote 2 Less than 5.8 mm
Size 2 5.8 mm but less than 7.3 mm
Size 3 MediumFootnote 3 7.3 mm but less than 8.3 mm
Size 4 8.3 mm but less than 9.5 mm
Size 5 Large 9.5 mm but less than 10.7 mm
Size 6 Extra Large 10.7 mm or more
2 Beans (Green or Wax) in a hermetically sealed package – Flat (Thickness)Footnote 4 Size 2 Small 5.8 mm but less than 7.3 mm
Size 3 Medium 7.3 mm but less than 8.3 mm
Size 4 LargeFootnote 5 8.3 mm but less than 9.5 mm
Size 5 9.5 mm but less than 10.7 mm
Size 6 Extra Large 10.7 mm or more
3 Peas in a hermetically sealed package (Diameter) Size 1 SmallFootnote 6 Less than 7.1 mm
Size 2 7.1 mm but less than 7.9 mm
Size 3 MediumFootnote 7 7.9 mm but less than 8.7 mm
Size 4 8.7 mm but less than 9.5 mm
Size 5 Large 9.5 mm but less than 10.3 mm
4 Lima Beans in a hermetically sealed package (Width)Footnote 8 Tiny Midget 11.9 mm or less
Small Over 11.9 mm to 13.5 mm
Medium Over 13.5 mm to 15.1 mm
Large Over 15.1 mm
5 Asparagus (Tips or Spears) in a hermetically sealed package (Diameter)Footnote 9 Small 9.5 mm but less than 12.7 mm
Medium 12.7 mm but less than 15.9 mm
Large 15.9 mm or more
6 Whole White Potatoes in a hermetically sealed package (Diameter) Tiny Midget 25 mm or less
Small Over 25 mm but not over 44.5 mm
Medium Over 44.5mm but not over 51 mm
Large Over 51 mm
7 Frozen Carrots (Cut carrots-baby whole style, Cut carrots-whole style, Whole baby carrots, Whole carrots) – cylindrical or conical (Diameter)Footnote 10 Very SmallFootnote 11 Less than 10 mm
SmallFootnote 11 PetiteFootnote 11 mm to 14 mm
RegularFootnote 11 Over 14 mm to 22 mm
Medium Over 22 mm to 27 mm
Large Over 27 mm to 35 mm
Extra Large Over 35 mm
8 Frozen Carrots (Cut carrots-baby whole style, Cut carrots-whole style, Whole baby carrots, Whole carrots) – spherical (Diameter)Footnote 12 Very SmallFootnote 11 Less than 10 mm
SmallFootnote 11 PetiteFootnote 11 mm to 18 mm
RegularFootnote 11 Over 18 mm to 22 mm
Medium Over 22 mm to 27 mm
Large Over 27 mm to 35 mm
Extra Large Over 35 mm
9 Frozen Brussels Sprouts (Diameter)Footnote 13 Small Baby 22.2 mm or less
Medium Over 22.2 mm but not over 31.8 mm
Large Over 31.8 mm
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