Canadian Grade Compendium
Volume 2 - Fresh Fruit or Vegetables

Part 1 Grade Requirements for Fresh Fruit

This page has been archived

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or record-keeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Interpretation

5. The following definitions apply in this Part.

"clean" means the fruit is not contaminated and is free from dirt, dust, spray residue, wax marks or other foreign material. (propre)

"fairly well formed" means at least one half of the fruit is well formed and the other half deviates only slightly from being well formed. (passablement bien formé)

"hand-picked" means the fruit shows no evidence of rough handling or of having been on the ground. (cueilli à la main)

"mature" means the fruit has reached the stage of development that ensures completion of the ripening process. (à maturité ou mûr)

"miniature apple" means a variety of apple developed through plant breeding to not exceed 51 mm (2 inches) when mature but does not include immature or undersize specimens of non-miniature apple varieties. (mini-pomme)

"sound" means that, at the time of shipping or repackaging, the fruit is free from condition defects such as decay, breakdown, freezing damage, bitter-pit, soft or shrivelled specimens, overripe specimens, brown core, corky core or other damage adversely affecting the keeping quality of the fruit. (sain)

"wax marks" means a visible wax residue in the form of white streaks, white spots or white areas on the surface of the fruit. (marques de cire)

"well formed" means the fruit is of the shape characteristic of the variety when mature. (bien formé)

Grades and Requirements for Apples

Application

6. The grades and requirements set out in sections 7 to 19 apply to apples of varieties grown from Malus domestica or Malus communis, except for miniature apples, such as Lady apples, of a diameter of 51 mm (2 inches) or less.

Grades and Grade Names

7. The grades and grade names for apples are Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy, Canada Commercial, Canada Hailed, Canada Commercial Cookers, Canada No. 1 Peelers and Canada No. 2 Peelers.

Requirements for All Grades

8. (1) In this section, "sized" means that the apples

  • (a) have a minimum diameter of 60 mm (2 ⅜ inches);
  • (b) in the case of tiered apples, are packaged by count and
    • (i) if they are of the box count size 100 or of a larger size, do not vary in diameter by more than 8 mm (5/16 inch) in any one package, or
    • (ii) if they are of a smaller size than the box count size 100, do not vary in diameter by more than 6 mm (¼ inch) in any one package; or
  • (c) in the case of untiered apples, are packaged in accordance with one of the following diameter size ranges, namely,
    • (i) 60 mm (2 ⅜ inches) to 63 mm (2 ½ inches),
    • (ii) 60 mm (2 ⅜ inches) to 70 mm (2 ¾ inches),
    • (iii) 60 mm (2 ⅜ inches) and up,
    • (iv) 63 mm (2 ½ inches) to 70 mm (2 ¾ inches),
    • (v) 63 mm (2 ½ inches) to 76 mm (3 inches),
    • (vi) 63 mm (2 ½ inches) and up,
    • (vii) 70 mm (2 ¾ inches) to 76 mm (3 inches),
    • (viii) 70 mm (2 ¾ inches) and up, or
    • (ix) 76 mm (3 inches) and up.

(2) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 20(1) and 20(3), apples of all grades, other than Canada Commercial Cookers, Canada No. 1 Peelers and Canada No. 2 Peelers must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be hand-picked, of one variety and sized;
  • (c) be mature, clean and sound;
  • (d) meet the colour requirements set out in section 17;
  • (e) have the colour intensity set out in section 18;
  • (f) be free from bruises that are soft;
  • (g) be free from skin punctures that exceed the tolerances set out in Columns 2 and 3 of an item of the Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Trays or Cells or the Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Retail Bulk Displays or in Containers Other Than Trays or Cells to section 19 for the grade set out in Column 1 of that item and the type of package or display set out in the title of one of the tables;
  • (h) be free from limb rub that is soft;
  • (i) when the apples, with the exception of apples of the Fuji variety, are sold after January 31 following the year in which they were harvested, be free from watercore
    • (i) existing around the core and extending to the circular area formed by the vascular bundles,
    • (ii) surrounding the vascular bundles, where the affected areas surrounding three or more adjacent vascular bundles meet or coalesce, or
    • (iii) existing to more than a slight degree outside the circular area formed by the vascular bundles;
  • (j) be free from insect larvae and red banded leaf roller damage; and
  • (k) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (f) to (i) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination affect the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the apples.

(3) In addition to the requirements for each grade, untiered apples of all grades must have the diameter size range of the apples as set out in paragraph (1)(c) shown on the container's label unless the container

  • (a) is transparent;
  • (b) is an open basket having a capacity of 12.5 L or less; or
  • (c) contains apples of Canada Commercial Cookers grade.

Canada Extra Fancy Grade Requirements

9. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 8, apples graded Canada Extra Fancy must

  • (a) be smooth and well formed;
  • (b) be free from bruises that
    • (i) individually exceed 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter, or
    • (ii) affect an aggregate area per apple exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter;
  • (c) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) has broken the skin,
    • (ii) has caused discolouration,
    • (iii) has caused an individual mark exceeding 3 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter, or
    • (iv) affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (d) be free from limb rub that
    • (i) is depressed,
    • (ii) in the case of apples of the Red Delicious variety, affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter, or
    • (iii) in the case of apples of varieties other than Red Delicious, affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (e) be free from russeting that
    • (i) is within the stem cavity or calyx basin and is rough and readily apparent and materially affects the appearance of an apple, or
    • (ii) is outside the stem cavity or calyx basin and is
      • (A) rough and affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter,
      • (B) slightly rough and affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter,
      • (C) smooth and solid and in the aggregate affects more than 5% of the surface area of an apple, or
      • (D) smooth and net-like and in the aggregate affects more than 10% of the surface area of an apple;
  • (f) be free from scab, including pinpoint scab;
  • (g) when the apples are sold before January 1 following the year in which they were harvested, be free from storage scald;
  • (h) when the apples are sold after December 31 following the year in which they were harvested, be free from storage scald that affects more than
    • (i) 15% of the surface area of an apple, or
    • (ii) 10%, by count, of the apples in a lot;
  • (i) be free from insect damage of any of the following types, namely,
    • (i) pansy spot that affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter,
    • (ii) insect damage other than pansy spot, or
    • (iii) scale and scale spots that
      • (A) exceed two per apple, or
      • (B) affect more than 5%, by count, of the apples in a lot;
  • (j) be free from insects and disease;
  • (k) be free from Jonathan spot, drought spot or marks resembling drought spot;
  • (l) be free from sprayburn and sunscald;
  • (m) be free from skin breaks at the stem;
  • (n) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (b) to (i) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (o) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the apples.

(2) Despite paragraph 8(2)(b), apples of different varieties packaged in approximately equal proportions in packages not exceeding a capacity of 20 kg (44 lb) and labelled with the words "Gift Pack", "Combination Pack" or "Variety Pack", that in all other respects meet the requirements for Canada Extra Fancy grade, may be designated as Canada Extra Fancy.

Canada Fancy Grade Requirements

10. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 8, apples graded Canada Fancy must

  • (a) be smooth and fairly well formed;
  • (b) be free from bruises that
    • (i) individually exceed 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter, or
    • (ii) affect an aggregate area per apple exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter;
  • (c) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) has broken the skin,
    • (ii) affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter, or
    • (iii) has noticeably depressed the affected areas or materially affects the appearance of an apple;
  • (d) be free from limb rub that
    • (i) is noticeably depressed, or
    • (ii) affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (e) be free from russeting that
    • (i) is within the stem cavity or calyx basin and is rough and readily apparent and materially affects the appearance of an apple, or
    • (ii) is outside of the stem cavity or calyx basin and is
      • (A) rough and affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter,
      • (B) slightly rough and affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter,
      • (C) smooth and solid and in the aggregate affects more than 10% of the surface area of an apple, or
      • (D) smooth and net-like and in the aggregate affects more than 25% of the surface area of an apple;
  • (f) be free from pinpoint scab;
  • (g) be free from scab, other than pinpoint scab, that affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inches) in diameter;
  • (h) be free from storage scald that affects more than
    • (i) 15% of the surface of an apple, or
    • (ii) 15%, by count, of the apples in a lot;
  • (i) be free from sprayburn and sunscald
    • (i) in the case of apples failing to meet the colour requirements of Canada Extra Fancy grade, or
    • (ii) in the case of apples meeting the colour requirements of Canada Extra Fancy grade, that does not blend with the normal colour of the apples or that is soft or has caused blistering or cracking of the skin;
  • (j) be free from insect damage of any of the following types, namely,
    • (i) curculio or plant bug damage that is not completely and smoothly healed over or that shows evidence of penetration below the surface of an apple,
    • (ii) leaf roller damage, other than red banded leaf roller damage, that has deformed an apple or affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter,
    • (iii) three or more insect punctures or stings per apple or any insect punctures or stings that exceed 10 mm (⅜ inch) in depth or 3 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter, inclusive of any encircling discoloured ring,
    • (iv) apple maggot punctures or stings that affect more than 5%, by count of the apples in a lot,
    • (v) pansy spot that affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter, or
    • (vi) scale and scale spots that
      • (A) exceed two per apple, or
      • (B) affect more than 5%, by count, of the apples in a lot;
  • (k) be free from insects;
  • (l) be free from Jonathan spot, drought spot or marks resembling drought spot;
  • (m) be free from skin breaks at the stem;
  • (n) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (b) to (j) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (o) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the apples.

11. Despite paragraph 8(2)(b), apples of different varieties packaged in approximately equal proportions in packages not exceeding a capacity of 20 kg (44 lb) and labelled with the words "Gift Pack", "Combination Pack" or "Variety Pack", that in all other respects meet the requirements for Canada Fancy grade, may be designated as Canada Fancy.

Canada Commercial Grade Requirements

12. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 8, apples graded Canada Commercial must

  • (a) be free from bruises that affect an aggregate area per apple exceeding 38 mm (1 ½ inches) in diameter;
  • (b) be free from hail damage that has
    • (i) not broken the skin but affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter,
    • (ii) broken the skin and is not well healed,
    • (iii) broken the skin and is well healed but affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter, or
    • (iv) noticeably depressed the affected areas or seriously affected the appearance of an apple;
  • (c) be free from limb rub that affects more than 5% of the surface area of an apple;
  • (d) be free from russeting that
    • (i) is smooth and solid and affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding one-half of the surface area of the apple, inclusive of the stem cavity and calyx basin, or
    • (ii) is rough or slightly rough and detracts from the appearance of an apple to a greater degree than the maximum amount of smooth, solid russeting permitted under subparagraph (i);
  • (e) be free from scab that affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter;
  • (f) be free from storage scald that affects more than 25% of the surface area of an apple;
  • (g) be free from sprayburn and sunscald that
    • (i) is soft or has caused blistering or cracking of the skin, or
    • (ii) affects more than 10% of the surface area of an apple and does not blend with the normal colour of the apple;
  • (h) be free from drought spot or marks resembling drought spot that
    • (i) exceed three per apple,
    • (ii) affect an aggregate area per apple exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter, or
    • (iii) have noticeably depressed or discoloured the affected areas;
  • (i) be free from insect damage of any of the following types, namely,
    • (i) curculio or plant bug damage that is not completely and smoothly healed over or that shows evidence of penetration below the surface of an apple,
    • (ii) leaf roller damage, other than red banded leaf roller damage, that affects more than 5% of the surface area of an apple,
    • (iii) four or more insect punctures or stings, other than bud moth stings, per apple,
    • (iv) six or more bud moth stings per apple,
    • (v) any insect punctures or stings that exceed 10 mm (⅜ inch) in depth or 3 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter, inclusive of any encircling discoloured ring,
    • (vi) apple maggot punctures or stings that affect more than 25%, by count, of the apples in a lot, or
    • (vii) scale and scale spots that exceed 10 per apple;
  • (j) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (a) to (i) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (k) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the apples.

(2) Apples graded Canada Commercial may be alternatively designated "Canada Cee" or "Canada C".

Canada Hailed Grade Requirements

13. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 8, apples graded Canada Hailed must

  • (a) meet the requirements of Canada Commercial grade except those set out in paragraph 12(1)(b);
  • (b) have not less than the amount of colour required for Canada Fancy grade as set out in section 17; and
  • (c) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) has not broken the skin but affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 38 mm (1 ½ inches) in diameter,
    • (ii) has broken the skin and is not well healed,
    • (iii) has broken the skin and is well healed but exceeds 10 mm (⅜ inch) in diameter or affects an aggregate area per apple exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter, or
    • (iv) exceeds 6 mm (¼ inch) in depth.

Canada Commercial Cookers Grade Requirements

14. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 20(1) and 20(3), apples graded Canada Commercial Cookers must

  • (a) meet the requirements of Canada Commercial grade, except those set out in paragraphs 8(2)(d) and (e);
  • (b) with the exception of apples of the Northern Spy variety and of varieties that mature earlier than Northern Spy, be mature; and
  • (c) have a minimum diameter of 63 mm (2 ½ inches) in the case of apples of the Northern Spy variety and a minimum diameter of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) in the case of apples of other varieties.

Canada No. 1 Peelers Grade Requirements

15. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 20(2) and 20(3), apples graded Canada No. 1 Peelers must

  • (a) be of one variety and fairly well formed;
  • (b) be fairly clean, mature and sound;
  • (c) have a minimum diameter of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches);
  • (d) be free from insect larvae; and
  • (e) be free from any damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that would cause a loss of more than 5%, by weight, of an apple above that which would normally be lost in commercial preparation.

Canada No. 2 Peelers Grade Requirements

16. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsections 20(2) and 20(3), apples graded Canada No. 2 Peelers must

  • (a) be of one variety;
  • (b) be reasonably clean, mature and sound;
  • (c) have a minimum diameter of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches);
  • (d) be free from insect larvae; and
  • (e) be free from any damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that would cause a loss of more than 20%, by weight, of an apple above that which would normally be lost in commercial preparation.

Colour Requirements for Apples

17. Apples graded Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy and Canada Commercial must

Table of Colour Requirements for Major Apple Varieties
Item Column 1
Colour Category
Column 2
Canada Extra Fancy Grade
Column 3
Canada Fancy Grade
Column 4
Canada Commercial Grade
1. Solid red or fully striped varieties 65% 40% 15%
2. Partially red or partially striped varieties 55% 30% 15%
3. Red cheeked or blush varieties Perceptibly blush-cheeked Tinge of colour
4. Green, yellow or russet varieties Colour characteristic of variety when mature Colour characteristic of variety when mature

18. The colour intensity, measured with a colorimeter, in varieties of apples, indicated in column 1 for Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy and Canada Commercial grades must be as set out in an item of column 2, 3, or 4 of the Table of Colour Readings for Major Apple Varieties to this section.

Table of Colour Readings for Major Apple Varieties
Item Column 1
Variety
Column 2
Canada Extra Fancy Grade
Column 3
Canada Fancy Grade
Column 4
Canada Commercial Grade
1. Delicious 4 4 2
2. Idared 4 4 2
3. McIntosh 4 4 2
4. Red Delicious 6 6 2
5. Red Rome 7 7 3
6. Spartan 6 6 3
7. Winesap 6 6 2

Tolerances for Skin Punctures

19. The tolerances for skin punctures in varieties of apples for Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy and Canada Commercial grades set out in column 1, are as set out in columns 2 and 3 of the Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Trays or Cells or of the Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Retail Bulk Displays or in Containers Other Than Trays or Cells to this section.

Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Trays or Cells
Item Column 1
Grade
Column 2
Skin Punctures in Semi-Hard Varieties
Column 3
Skin Punctures in Hard Varieties
1. Canada Extra Fancy (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 10% by count of the apples in a lot
(free from)
2. Canada Fancy (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 15% by count of the apples in a lot
(free from)
3. Canada Commercial (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than two per apple;
(c) affect not more than 20% by count of the apples in a lot
(a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than two per apple;
(c) affect not more than 10% by count of the apples in a lot
Table of Tolerances for Skin Punctures in Apples in Retail Bulk Displays or in Containers Other Than Trays or Cells
Item Column 1
Grade
Column 2
Skin Punctures in Semi-Hard Varieties
Column 3
Skin Punctures in Hard Varieties
1. Canada Extra Fancy (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 15% by count of the apples in a lot
(a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 10% by count of the apples in a lot
2. Canada Fancy (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 20% by count of the apples in a lot
(a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than one per apple;
(c) affect not more than 15% by count of the apples in a lot
3. Canada Commercial (a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than two per apple;
(c) affect not more than 30% by count of the apples in a lot
(a) individually measure not more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
(b) not more than two per apple;
(c) affect not more than 20% by count of the apples in a lot

General Tolerances

20. (1) In the grading of apples into Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy, Canada Commercial, Canada Hailed and Canada Commercial Cookers grades, the requirements set out in sections 8 to 14, 17 and 19, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of apples when not more than

  • (a) 5%, by count, of the apples in the lot have a diameter that is less than 60 mm (2 ⅜ inches), or less than the minimum diameter set out in subparagraphs 8(1)(c)(iv) to (ix), corresponding to the applicable size range;
  • (b) 5%, by count, of the apples in the lot have a diameter that is greater than the maximum diameter, if any, set out in paragraph 8(1)(c), corresponding to the applicable size range;
  • (c) in the case of a lot of tiered apples, 10% of the packages contain more than 10%, by count, of apples that exceed the maximum diameter variation set out in paragraph 8(1)(b);
  • (d) in the case of apples graded Canada Extra Fancy, 5%, by count, of the apples in the lot are fairly well formed;
  • (e) in the case of a lot of apples inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, 10%, by count, of the apples in the lot have defects other than those referred to in paragraphs (a) to (d), including not more than
    • (i) 2% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay; and
  • (f) in the case of a lot of apples inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging, 10%, by count, of the apples in the lot have permanent defects other than those referred to in paragraphs (a) to (d), including not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect.

(2) In the grading of apples into Canada No. 1 Peelers and Canada No. 2 Peelers grades, the requirements set out in sections 15 and 16, as applicable, are considered to be met when

  • (a) in the case of a lot of peeler apples inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than
    • (i) 5%, by count or by weight, of the apples in the lot are affected by bitter-pit;
    • (ii) in the case of apples graded Canada No. 1 Peelers, 7%, by count or by weight, of the apples in the lot are affected by defects other than bitter-pit; and
    • (iii) in the case of apples graded Canada No. 2 Peelers, 10%, by count or by weight, of the apples in the lot are affected by defects other than bitter-pit.
  • (b) in the case of peeler apples inspected at a time other than the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than
    • (i) 7%, by count or by weight, of the apples in the lot are affected by permanent defects, in the case of apples graded Canada No. 1 Peelers; and
    • (ii) 10%, by count or by weight, of the apples in the lot are affected by permanent defects, in the case of apples graded Canada No. 2 Peelers.

(3) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of apples only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Apricots

Application

21. The grades and requirements set out in sections 22 to 26 apply to apricots of varieties grown from Prunus armeniaca.

Grades and Grade Names

22. The grades and grade names for apricots are Canada No. 1, Canada Domestic and Canada Hailed.

Requirements for All Grades

23. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 27, apricots of all grades must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be hand-picked, of one variety and fairly well formed;
  • (c) be sound;
  • (d) be free from bruises that affect an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (e) be free from skin breaks or tears at the stem if
    • (i) more than the outer layer is affected, or
    • (ii) the damage extends outside of the stem bowl;
  • (f) be free from skin checks that are not well healed;
  • (g) be free from insect damage that exceeds 3 mm (⅛ inch) in depth or affects an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (h) be free from insects and insect larvae;
  • (i) be free from skin punctures; and
  • (j) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (d) to (g) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

24. (1) In this section, "of good size", with respect to apricots in a lot, means that not less than 90%, by count, of the apricots are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to materially affect the general appearance of the lot.

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 23, apricots graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be clean;
  • (b) be uniformly mature;
  • (c) be of good size;
  • (d) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) has broken the skin or noticeably depressed the affected areas, or
    • (ii) affects an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (e) be free from skin checks that exceed 3 mm (⅛ inch) in depth or affect an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (f) be free from ink spot, leaf mark, limb rub, physiological spot, other skin discolouration, scab or sprayburn that affects an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (g) be free from russeting that is rough or dark in colour;
  • (h) be free from mildew;
  • (i) be free from coryneum blight that affects an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (j) be free from insect damage that is not thoroughly dry;
  • (k) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (d) to (j) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (l) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the apricots.

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

25. (1) In this section, "of fair size", with respect to apricots in a lot, means that not less than 65%, by count, of the apricots are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to seriously affect the general appearance of the lot. (2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 23, apricots graded Canada Domestic must

  • (a) be fairly clean;
  • (b) be mature;
  • (c) be of fair size;
  • (d) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) has broken the skin or noticeably depressed the affected areas, or
    • (ii) affects an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter;
  • (e) be free from skin checks that affect an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (f) be free from ink spot, leaf mark, limb rub, physiological spot, other skin discolouration, scab or sprayburn that affects an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter;
  • (g) be free from coryneum blight that affects an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (h) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (d) to (g) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (i) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the apricots.

Canada Hailed Grade Requirements

26. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 23, apricots graded Canada Hailed must

  • (a) meet the requirements of Canada Domestic grade except those set out in paragraph 25(2)(d);
  • (b) be free from hail marks exceeding 10 mm (⅜ inch) in diameter or 3 mm (⅛ inch) in depth; and
  • (c) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) has broken the skin and is not well healed, or
    • (ii) has broken the skin and is well healed but affects an aggregate area per apricot exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter.

General Tolerances

27. (1) In the grading of apricots, the requirements set out in sections 24 to 26, as applicable, are considered to be met when not more than 10%, by count, of the apricots in a lot have defects including

  • (a) in the case of a lot of apricots inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than
    • (i) 3% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay; and
  • (b) in the case of a lot of apricots inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect.

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of apricots only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Blueberries

Application

28. The grade and the requirements set out in sections 29 and 30 apply to blueberries of varieties grown from Vaccinium angustifolium, Vaccinium corymbosium or Vaccinium myrtilloides.

Grade and Grade Name

29. (1) The grade and grade name for blueberries is Canada No. 1.

(2) If the grade and grade name set out in subsection (1) are used, the blueberries must conform to the requirements set out in section 30.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

30. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly uniform in size" means that the blueberries in any one package do not vary sufficiently in size to materially affect their general appearance. (d'une grosseur passablement uniforme)

"well coloured" means that not less than 90% of the blueberries in a lot, by weight, are of the colour characteristic of mature blueberries. (bien colorés)

(2) Subject to the general tolerances set out in section 31, blueberries graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be well coloured, well formed and fairly uniform in size;
  • (c) be dry and sound;
  • (d) be free from green berries, leaves, stems, dirt or other foreign material;
  • (e) be apparently free from insects, insect larvae or disease; and
  • (f) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the blueberries.

General Tolerances

31. (1) In the grading of blueberries, the requirements set out in section 30 are considered to be met when not more than 3% by weight of the blueberries in a lot have defects, including

  • (a) in the case of a lot of blueberries inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than
    • (i) 1% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 1% of the weight of the blueberries that is attributable to foreign material; and
  • (b) in the case of a lot of blueberries inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than 1% of the weight of the blueberries that is attributable to foreign material.

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of blueberries only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Cantaloups

Application

32. The grade and the requirements set out in sections 33 and 34 apply to cantaloups of varieties grown from Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis.

Grade and Grade Name

33. (1) The grade and grade name for cantaloups is Canada No. 1.

(2) If the grade and grade name set out in subsection (1) are used, the cantaloups must conform to the requirements set out in section 34.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

34. Subject to the general tolerances set out in section 35, cantaloups graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be of one variety, well-formed and well netted for the variety;
  • (c) be fairly clean, mature and sound;
  • (d) not vary in diameter within each package by more than 38 mm (1 ½ inches);
  • (e) be free from insects, insect larvae, insect damage and disease;
  • (f) be free from cracks, hail marks, moisture damage and sunscald; and
  • (g) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the cantaloups.

General Tolerances

35. (1) In the grading of cantaloups, the requirements set out in section 34 are considered to be met when

  • (a) not more than 10%, by count, of the cantaloups in a lot inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging have defects, including not more than
    • (i) 3% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay;
  • (b) not more than 10% by count of the cantaloups in a lot inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging have defects, including not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect; and
  • (c) in either of the cases referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b), not more than 10% of the packages in the lot contain cantaloups that exceed the maximum diameter variation set out in paragraph 34(d).

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of cantaloups only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Cherries

Application

36. The grades and requirements set out in sections 37 to 41 apply to cherries of varieties grown from Prunus avium or Prunus cerasus and their hybrids.

Grades and Grade Names

37. The grades and grade names for cherries are Canada No. 1, Canada Domestic and Canada Orchard Run.

Requirements for All Grades

38. (1) In this section, "soft" means the skin of the cherry is flaccid and the flesh of the cherry is flabby to the touch and yields readily to a slight pressure.

(2) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 42, cherries of all grades must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be hand-picked and of one variety;
  • (c) be sound;
  • (d) be mature but not soft;
  • (e) be free from bruises other than those incidental to good commercial handling and packaging;
  • (f) be free from insects, insect larvae, insect damage and disease; and
  • (g) be free from dried cherries, gum, leaves and twigs.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

39. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"of fair size", with respect to cherries in a lot, means that not less than 65%, by weight or by count, of the cherries are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to seriously affect the general appearance of the lot. (d'une grosseur passable)

"of good colour" means that the cherries are of a colour characteristic of the variety when mature. (d'une bonne couleur)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 38, cherries graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be fairly clean;
  • (b) be of good colour and of fair size;
  • (c) have, in the case of cherries of Elkhorn and Lambert varieties, not more than 15% of the cherries, by weight or by count, without stems and, in the case of cherries of all other varieties, not more than 10% of the cherries without stems;
  • (d) be free from skin breaks, but may have superficial, well-healed stem-end cracks within the stem cavity that do not exceed 2 mm (1/16 inch) in width and do not extend in length to more than one-half of the circumference of the stem cavity;
  • (e) be free from hail marks;
  • (f) be free from a combination of defects referred to in paragraphs (d) and 38(2)(e) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the maximum area tolerance set out in paragraph (d); and
  • (g) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the cherries.

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

40. (1) In this section, "of fair colour", with respect to cherries in a lot, means that not less than 75%, by weight or by count, of the cherries are of a colour characteristic of the variety when mature and the balance of the cherries are not of a colour characteristic of immature cherries.

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 38, cherries graded Canada Domestic must

  • (a) be reasonably clean;
  • (b) be of fair colour;
  • (c) be free from skin breaks, but may have
    • (i) superficial, well-healed stem-end cracks within the stem cavity that do not exceed 3 mm (⅛ inch) in width and do not extend in length to more than one-half of the circumference of the stem cavity, or
    • (ii) well-healed cracks outside of the stem cavity that affect an aggregate area per cherry not exceeding 3 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter;
  • (d) be free from hail marks exceeding 25% of the surface area;
  • (e) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (c) and (d) and 38 (2)(e) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (f) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the cherries.

Canada Orchard Run Grade Requirements

41. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 38, cherries graded Canada Orchard Run must

  • (a) meet the requirements of Canada Domestic grade except those set out in subparagraph 40(2)(c)(i); and
  • (b) be free from dry circular or horseshoe stem-end cracks extending beyond the stem cavity.

General Tolerances

42. (1) In the grading of cherries, the requirements set out in sections 39 to 41, as applicable, are considered to be met where not more than 10% by weight or by count of the cherries in a lot have defects, including

  • (a) in the case of a lot of cherries inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than
    • (i) 1% that are affected by decay or brown rot, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay or brown rot; and
  • (b) in the case of a lot of cherries inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect.

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of cherries only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Crabapples

Application

43. The grades and requirements set out in sections 44 to 47 apply to crabapples of varieties grown from Pyrus baccata.

Grades and Grade Names

44. (1) The grades and grade names for crabapples are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

(2) If the grades and grade names set out in subsection (1) are used, the crabapples must conform to the requirements set out in sections 45 to 47.

Requirements for All Grades

45. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 48, crabapples of all grades must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be hand-picked and of one variety;
  • (c) be mature and sound; and
  • (d) be free from watercore
    • (i) existing around the core and extending to the circular area formed by the vascular bundles,
    • (ii) surrounding the vascular bundles, where the affected areas surrounding two or more adjacent vascular bundles meet or coalesce, or
    • (iii) existing to more than a slight degree outside the circular area formed by the vascular bundles.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

46. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 45, crabapples graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be fairly clean;
  • (b) have, in the case of crabapples of the Hyslop variety,
    • (i) a minimum of 75% by count of the crabapples in a lot with at least 35% of the surface area of each crabapple of a red colour, and
    • (ii) the balance of the crabapples in the lot with at least 10% of the surface area of each crabapple of a red colour;
  • (c) have a minimum diameter of 32 mm (1 ¼ inches);
  • (d) be free from bruises that affect an aggregate area per crabapple exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (e) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) has noticeably depressed or discoloured the affected areas, or
    • (ii) is of a russet character and affects an aggregate area per crabapple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (f) be free from either limb rub or leaf mark that affects an aggregate area per crabapple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (g) be free from russeting that affects more than 10% of the surface area of a crabapple;
  • (h) be free from sprayburn or sunscald that has caused blistering of the skin or noticeable discolouration;
  • (i) be free from
    • (i) two or more insect punctures or stings per crabapple, or
    • (ii) any insect punctures or stings that exceed 3 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter, inclusive of any encircling discoloured ring;
  • (j) be free from leaf roller damage that
    • (i) has deformed a crabapple, or
    • (ii) affects an aggregate area per crabapple exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (k) be free from insects and insect larvae;
  • (l) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (d) to (j) and 45(d) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (m) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the crabapples.

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

47. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 45, crabapples graded Canada Domestic must

  • (a) be reasonably clean;
  • (b) have a minimum diameter of 25 mm (1 inch); and
  • (c) be free from any damage, defect or combination of damage and defects that seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the crabapples.

General Tolerances

48. (1) In the grading of crabapples, the requirements set out in sections 46 and 47, as applicable, are considered to be met when

  • (a) not more than 10%, by count, of the crabapples in a lot inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging have defects, including not more than
    • (i) 3% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay;
  • (b) not more than 10%, by count, of the crabapples in a lot inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging have defects, including not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect; and
  • (c) in either of the cases referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b), not more than 5%, by count, of the crabapples in the lot have less than the minimum diameter set out in paragraph 46(c) or 47(b).

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of crabapples only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Cranberries

Application

49. The grades and requirements set out in sections 50 to 53 apply to cranberries of varieties grown from Vaccinium macrocarpum or Vaccinium oxycoccos.

Grades and Grade Names

50. (1) The grades and grade names for cranberries are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

(2) If the grades and grade names set out in subsection (1) are used, the cranberries must conform to the requirements set out in sections 51 to 53.

Requirements for All Grades

51. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 54, cranberries of all grades must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be sound;
  • (c) have at least 65% of the surface area of each cranberry as a red colour; and
  • (d) be free from insects and insect larvae.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

52. (1) In this section, "fairly uniform in size" means that the cranberries in any one package do not vary sufficiently in size to materially affect their general appearance.

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 51, cranberries graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be fairly clean;
  • (b) be fairly uniform in size; and
  • (c) be free from any damage, defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the cranberries.

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

53. In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 51, cranberries graded Canada Domestic must

  • (a) be reasonably clean; and
  • (b) be free from any damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the cranberries.

General Tolerances

54. (1) In the grading of cranberries, the requirements set out in sections 52 and 53, as applicable, are considered to be met when not more than 15%, by weight, of the cranberries in a lot have defects, including

  • (a) in the case of a lot of cranberries inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than
    • (i) 5% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay; and
  • (b) in the case of a lot of cranberries inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect.

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of cranberries only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Grapes

Application

55. The grades and requirements set out in sections 56 to 59 apply to grapes of varieties grown from Vitis vinifera or Vitis labrusca and their hybrids.

Grades and Grade Names

56. The grades and grade names for grapes are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

Requirements for All Grades

57. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 60, grapes of all grades must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be sound and free from dried grapes;
  • (c) be free from hail marks; and
  • (d) be free from insects and insect larvae.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

58. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly compact" means that the bunches are well filled but the berries are not closely spaced. (passablement serrés)

"of good colour" means that not less than 90%, by count, of the berries on a bunch are of the colour characteristic of the variety when mature. (d'une bonne couleur)

"of good size", with respect to grapes in a lot, means that not less than 90%, by count, of the berries on a bunch and not less than 90%, by weight, of the bunches are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to materially affect the general appearance of the lot. (d'une bonne grosseur)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 57, grapes graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be fairly clean;
  • (b) be free from crushed, split or shattered berries;
  • (c) be of one variety, of good colour and of good size;
  • (d) have 90%, by weight, of the bunches in a lot of a fairly compact nature for the variety;
  • (e) be free from insect damage;
  • (f) be free from disease, mould and mildew; and
  • (g) be free from any other damage, defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects their appearance, edibility or shipping quality.

(3) Despite paragraph (2)(c), grapes of different varieties and colours packaged in approximately equal proportions and labelled "mixed varieties", that in all other respects meet the requirements of Canada No. 1 grade, may be designated Canada No. 1.

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

59. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"fairly compact" has the same meaning as in subsection 58(1). (passablement serrés)

"of fair colour" means that not less than 75%, by count, of the berries on a bunch are of the colour characteristic of the variety when mature. (d'une couleur passable)

"of fair size", with respect to grapes in a lot, means that not less than 65%, by count, of the berries on a bunch and not less than 65%, by weight, of the bunches are of a size characteristic of the variety when mature and variation in size is not sufficient to seriously affect the general appearance of the lot. (d'une grosseur passable)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 57, grapes graded Canada Domestic must

  • (a) be reasonably clean;
  • (b) be of fair colour, of fair size and have similar varietal characteristics; and
  • (c) have 60%, by weight, of the bunches in a lot be of a fairly compact nature for the variety.

General Tolerances

60. (1) In the grading of grapes, the requirements set out in sections 58 and 59, as applicable, are considered to be met when up to 10% of the grapes by weight in a lot have defects, including

  • (a) in the case of a lot of grapes inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than
    • (i) 3% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay; and
  • (b) in the case of a lot of grapes inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect.

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of grapes only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Peaches

Application

61. The grades and requirements set out in sections 62 to 65 apply to peaches of varieties grown from Prunus persica.

Grades and Grade Names

62. The grades and grade names for peaches are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

Requirements for All Grades

63. (1) In this section, "mature" means the peaches are well developed and have attained sufficient yellow in the ground colour to indicate they will continue to ripen and, in the case of peaches grown in Ontario, also means the pressure test through the skin of the peaches does not exceed 8 kg (18 pounds) as indicated by a pressure tester with an 8 mm (5/16 inch) diameter plunger.

(2) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 66, peaches of all grades must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be hand-picked and of one variety;
  • (c) be uniformly mature and sound;
  • (d) have a minimum diameter
    • (i) in the case of peaches sold before August 15 in any year, of 54 mm (2 ⅛ inches), and
    • (ii) in the case of peaches sold on or after August 15 in any year, of 57 mm (2 ¼ inches);
  • (e) be free from bruises that individually exceed 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter; and
  • (f) be free from insects and insect larvae.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

64. (1) In this section, "sized" means the peaches in a package do not vary in diameter by more than 6 mm (¼ inch). (calibrées)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 63, peaches graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be fairly clean;
  • (b) be well formed and sized;
  • (c) be free from growth cracks and split pits;
  • (d) be free from hail marks;
  • (e) be free from skin punctures or breaks;
  • (f) be free from bruises that affect an aggregate area per peach exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter;
  • (g) be free from marks that are caused by limb rub and that
    • (i) exceed three per peach, or
    • (ii) affect an aggregate area per peach exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (h) be free from russeting that is
    • (i) rough,
    • (ii) dark in colour and affects an aggregate area per peach exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter, or
    • (iii) fine, light in colour and affects more than 15% of the surface area of a peach;
  • (i) be free from plant bug damage that
    • (i) is sunken or pitted,
    • (ii) has deformed a peach, or
    • (iii) affects an aggregate area per peach exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (j) be free from insect damage other than plant bug damage and be free from disease;
  • (k) be free from gum;
  • (l) be free from sunscald;
  • (m) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (f) to (i) and 63(2)(e) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (n) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the peaches.

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

65. (1) In this section, "sized" has the same meaning as in section 64. (calibrées)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 63, peaches graded Canada Domestic must

  • (a) be reasonably clean;
  • (b) be fairly well formed and, if packaged in a peach box or cell pack, sized;
  • (c) be free from bruises that affect an aggregate area per peach exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter;
  • (d) be free from skin punctures or breaks of any kind, including growth cracks or suture cracks other than suture cracks in the J.H. Hale variety in which well-healed suture cracks not exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in length are allowed;
  • (e) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) is not well healed,
    • (ii) has broken the skin and exceeds 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter or 2 mm (1/16 inch) in depth,
    • (iii) has broken the skin, causing marks that exceed three per peach,
    • (iv) affects more than 10% of surface area of a peach, or
    • (v) has noticeably depressed the affected areas;
  • (f) be free from split pits exceeding 3 mm (⅛ inch) in width;
  • (g) be free from ink spot, mildew, oak bug damage, plant bug damage, limb rub, russeting or scab that affects more than 5% of the surface area of a peach;
  • (h) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (c) to (g) and 63(2)(e) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (i) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the peaches.

General Tolerances

66. (1) In the grading of peaches, the requirements set out in sections 64 and 65, as applicable, are considered to be met when

  • (a) not more than 10%, by count, of the peaches in a lot inspected at the time of shipping or repacking have defects, including not more than
    • (i) 3% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay;
  • (b) not more than 10%, by count, of the peaches in a lot inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging have defects, including not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect; and
  • (c) in either of the cases referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b), up to
    • (i) 5%, by count, of the peaches in the lot have less than the minimum diameter set out in paragraph 63(2)(d), and
    • (ii) 10% of the packages in the lot contain more than 10%, by count, of peaches that exceed the maximum diameter variation set out in subsection 64(1).

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of peaches only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Pears

Application

67. The grades and requirements set out in sections 68 to 73 apply to pears of varieties grown from Pyrus communis.

Grades and Grade Names

68. The grades and grade names for pears are Canada Extra Fancy, Canada Fancy and Canada Commercial.

Requirements for All Grades

69. (1) In this section, "sized", with respect to tiered pears, means that the pears are packaged by count and do not vary in diameter by more than 6 mm (¼ inch).

(2) In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in sections 74 and 75, pears of all grades must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be hand-picked, of one variety and sized;
  • (c) be mature and sound;
  • (d) conform to the minimum diameter requirements set out in section 73;
  • (e) be free from bruises that have caused brown discolouration under the skin;
  • (f) be free from insects and insect larvae; and
  • (g) be free from storage scald and black end.

Canada Extra Fancy Grade Requirements

70. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 69, pears graded Canada Extra Fancy must

  • (a) be clean, smooth and well formed;
  • (b) be free from bruises that affect an aggregate area per pear exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter;
  • (c) be free from skin punctures
    • (i) in the case of pears of any variety other than Anjou, or
    • (ii) in the case of pears of the Anjou variety, that
      • (A) exceed one per pear,
      • (B) individually measure more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter, or
      • (C) affect more than 10%, by count, of the pears in a lot;
  • (d) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) has broken the skin,
    • (ii) has caused discolouration,
    • (iii) has caused an individual mark exceeding 3 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter, or
    • (iv) affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (e) be free from limb rub or leaf mark that is
    • (i) soft, rough or dark in colour, or
    • (ii) light brown in colour or of a smooth russet character and affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (f) be free from russeting that is
    • (i) rough, or
    • (ii) smooth but not characteristic of the variety and affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 38 mm (1 ½ inches) in diameter;
  • (g) be free from insect damage of any of the following types:
    • (i) pear psylla residue that
      • (A) affects the appearance of a pear, or
      • (B) affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter, and
    • (ii) scale and scale spots that
      • (A) exceed two per pear, or
      • (B) affect more than 5%, by count, of the pears in a lot;
  • (h) be free from disease;
  • (i) be free from drought spot, sprayburn and sunscald;
  • (j) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (b) to (g) and 69(2)(e) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (k) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the pears.

(2) Despite paragraph 69(2)(b), pears of different varieties packaged in approximately equal proportions in packages not exceeding a capacity of 10 kg (22 lb) and labelled with the words "Gift Pack", "Combination Pack" or "Variety Pack", that in all other respects meet the requirements for Canada Extra Fancy grade, may be designated as Canada Extra Fancy.

Canada Fancy Grade Requirements

71. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 69, pears graded Canada Fancy must

  • (a) be fairly clean, smooth and fairly well formed;
  • (b) be free from bruises that affect an aggregate area per pear exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter;
  • (c) be free from skin punctures
    • (i) in the case of pears of any variety other than Anjou, or
    • (ii) in the case of pears of the Anjou variety, that
      • (A) exceed one per pear,
      • (B) individually measure more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter, or
      • (C) affect more than fifteen 15%, by count, of the pears in a lot;
  • (d) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) has broken the skin and is not well healed, or
    • (ii) has broken the skin, is well healed, and has caused one skin break larger than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter or depth or has caused more than one skin break larger than 3 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter or depth, or
    • (iii) has not broken the skin but affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter, or
    • (iv) has noticeably depressed the affected areas or materially affects the appearance of a pear;
  • (e) be free from limb rub or leaf mark that is
    • (i) soft, rough or dark in colour, or
    • (ii) light brown in colour or of a smooth russet character and affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter;
  • (f) be free from russeting that is
    • (i) rough, or
    • (ii) smooth but not characteristic of the variety and that affects more than 25% of the surface area of a pear;
  • (g) be free from scab spots that affect an aggregate area per pear exceeding 3 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter;
  • (h) be free from drought spot;
  • (i) be free from sunscald or sprayburn that does not blend with the normal colour of a pear or that has caused blistering or cracking of the skin;
  • (j) be free from insect damage of any of the following types, namely,
    • (i) leaf roller damage that has deformed a pear or affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter,
    • (ii) three or more insect punctures or stings per pear or any insect punctures or stings that exceed 3 mm (⅛ inch) in depth or diameter, inclusive of any encircling discoloured ring,
    • (iii) pear psylla residue that affects more than 5% of the surface area of a pear, or
    • (iv) scale and from scale spots that
      • (A) exceed two per pear, or
      • (B) affect more than 5%, by count, of the pears in a lot;
  • (k) be free from stony pit that exceeds one spot per pear;
  • (l) be free from freckled pit that affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (m) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (b) to (l) and 69(2)(e) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (n) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the pears.

(2) Pears graded Canada Fancy may be alternatively designated "Canada No. 1".

Canada Commercial Grade Requirements

72. (1) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 69, pears graded Canada Commercial must

  • (a) be reasonably clean;
  • (b) have no more than 15% of their surface area of an abnormal shape or on which the abnormal shape causes a depression greater than 6 mm (¼ inch);
  • (c) be free from bruises that affect an aggregate area per pear exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter;
  • (d) be free from skin punctures that
    • (i) in the case of pears of
      • (A) any variety other than Anjou, exceed one per pear, and
      • (B) the Anjou variety, exceed two per pear, or
    • (ii) individually measure more than 5 mm (3/16 inch) in diameter;
  • (e) be free from hail damage that has
    • (i) not broken the skin but affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 19 mm (¾ inch) in diameter,
    • (ii) broken the skin and is not well healed,
    • (iii) broken the skin and is well healed but affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter, or
    • (iv) noticeably depressed the affected areas or seriously affects the appearance of a pear;
  • (f) be free from limb rub or leaf mark
    • (i) if the affected area is seriously depressed, or
    • (ii) that affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter;
  • (g) be free from rough russeting that affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter;
  • (h) be free from scab spots that affect an aggregate area per pear exceeding 13 mm (½ inch);
  • (i) be free from drought spots that
    • (i) exceed three per pear, or
    • (ii) have noticeably depressed or discoloured the affected areas;
  • (j) be free from sunscald or sprayburn that
    • (i) is soft or has caused blistering or cracking of the skin, or
    • (ii) affects more than 15% of the surface area of a pear and does not blend with the normal colour of the pear;
  • (k) be free from insect damage of any of the following types, namely,
    • (i) leaf roller damage that affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 25 mm (1 inch) in diameter,
    • (ii) stings that are not well healed,
    • (iii) stings that are well healed but affect an aggregate area per pear exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter, inclusive of any encircling discoloured ring,
    • (iv) pear psylla residue that affects more than 15% of the surface area of a pear, or
    • (v) scale and scale spots that exceed 10 per pear;
  • (l) be free from stony pit that affects an aggregate area per pear exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (m) be free from freckled pit that affects more than 15% of the surface area of a pear or discolours a pear;
  • (n) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (b) to (m) and 69(2)(e) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (o) be free from any other damage, defect or combination of damage or defects that seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the pears.

(2) Pears graded Canada Commercial may be alternatively designated "Canada Cee", "Canada "C" or "Canada Domestic".

Minimum Diameter

73. (1) The minimum diameter for a variety of pears set out in column 1 of an item of the Table of Minimum Diameter Size Requirements for Varieties and Grades of Pears to this section for pears graded Canada Extra Fancy or Canada Fancy is as set out in column 2 of that item.

(2) The minimum diameter for a variety of pears set out in column 1 of an item of the Table of Minimum Diameter Size Requirements for Varieties and Grades of Pears to this section for pears graded Canada Commercial is as set out in column 3 of that item.

Table of Minimum Diameter Size Requirements for Varieties and Grades of Pears
Item Column 1
Variety
Column 2
Canada Extra Fancy Grade and Canada Fancy Grade
Column 3
Canada Commercial Grade
1. Clapps Favourite, Delicious, Deveau, Howel 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) 51 mm (2 inches)
2. Anjou, Flemish Beauty 57 mm (2 ¼ inches) 44 mm (1 ¾ inches)
3. Bartlett, French Bartlett 56 mm (2 3/16 inches) 48 mm (1 ⅞ inches)
4. Bosc 54 mm (2 ⅛ inches) 4 mm (1 ¾ inches)
5. Kieffer 54 mm (2 ⅛ inches) 41 mm (1 ⅝ inches)
6. Gifford 51 mm (2 inches) 38 mm (1 ½ inches)
7. Seckel 32 mm (1 ¼ inches) 25 mm (1 inch)
8. All other varieties 51 mm (2 inches) 38 mm (1 ½ inches)

General Tolerances

74. In the grading of pears, the requirements set out in sections 70 to 73, as applicable, are considered to be met in the case of a lot of pears if not more than

  • (a) 5%, by count, of the pears in the lot have less than the minimum diameter as set out in columns 2 and 3 of the Table of Minimum Diameter Size Requirements for Varieties and Grades of Pears to section 73;
  • (b) in the case of a lot of tiered pears, 10% of the packages contain more than 10%, by count, of pears that exceed the maximum diameter variation set out in subsection 69(1); and
  • (c) in the case of a lot of pears inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, 10%, by count, of the pears in the lot have defects other than those referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b), including not more than
    • (i) 3% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay; and
  • (d) in the case of a lot of pears inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging, 10%, by count, of the pears in the lot have permanent defects other than those referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b), including not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect.

75. Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of pears only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Plums and Prunes

Application

76. The grades and requirements set out in sections 77 to 80 apply to plums and prunes of varieties grown from Prunus domestica, Prunus insititia or Prunus salicina and their hybrids.

Grades and Grade Names

77. The grades and grade names for plums and prunes are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

Requirements for All Grades

78. In addition to the requirements for each grade and subject to the general tolerances set out in section 81, plums and prunes of all grades must

  • (a) be properly packaged,
  • (b) be hand-picked and of one variety,
  • (c) be well formed, mature and sound,
  • (d) be free from skin tears outside of the stem cavity,
  • (e) be free from insects and insect larvae, and
  • (f) be free from disease, purple spot and plum rot.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

79. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"Italian type", with respect to prunes, means prunes that are "free-stone". (du type italien)

"of good colour", with respect to plums and prunes, means that

  • (a) in the case of Italian type prunes, not less than 75% of the surface area of a prune is of a colour characteristic of the variety when mature; and
  • (b) in the case of plums and other varieties of prunes, the fruit is of a colour characteristic of the variety when mature. (d'une bonne couleur)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 78, plums and prunes graded Canada No. 1

  • (a) be fairly clean;
  • (b) be of good colour;
  • (c) conform to the minimum diameter size requirements set out in column 2 of the Table of Diameter Size Requirements for Plum and Prune Varieties to this section;
  • (d) be free from bruises other than those incidental to good commercial handling and packaging;
  • (e) be free from skin breaks outside of the stem cavity;
  • (f) be free from growth cracks
    • (i) in the case of plums of any variety other than Peach plums, and
    • (ii) in the case of Peach plums, that
      • (A) are not at the calyx end,
      • (B) expose the flesh, or
      • (C) exceed 6 mm (¼ inch) in length;
  • (g) be free from russeting that affects more than 10% of the surface area of a plum or prune;
  • (h) be free from drought spot and sunscald;
  • (i) be free from hail marks;
  • (j) be free from limb rub and leaf mark;
  • (k) be free from insect damage;
  • (l) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (d) to (k) and 78(d) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (m) be free from any other damage or defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the plums or prunes.
Table of Diameter Size Requirements for Plum and Prune Varieties
Item Column 1
Variety
Column 2
Minimum diameter
1. Burbank, Ozark, Premier, Vanier 41 mm (1 ⅝ inches)
2. Shiro 38 mm (1 ½ inches)
3. Methley, President, Washington 35 mm (1 ⅜ inches)
4. Bradshaw, Early Golden, all varieties commonly known as Early Blues 32 mm (1 ¼ inches)
5. Reine Claude, Stanley, Italian type prunes 29 mm (1 ⅛ inches)
6. Green Gage, Lombard, German prunes 25 mm (1 inch)
7. Shropshire Damson 19 mm (¾ inch)
8. All other varieties Characteristic of the variety when mature

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

80. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"Italian type" has the same meaning as in subsection 79(1). (du type italien)

"of fair colour", with respect to plums and prunes, means that

  • (a) in the case of Italian type prunes, not less than 50% of the surface area of a prune is of a colour characteristic of the variety when mature; and
  • (b) in the case of plums and other varieties of prunes, not less than 75%, by count, of the plums or prunes in a lot are of a colour characteristic of the variety when mature. (d'une couleur passable)

(2) In addition to meeting the requirements for all grades set out in section 78, plums and prunes graded Canada Domestic must

  • (a) be reasonably clean;
  • (b) be of fair colour;
  • (c) be free from bruises that affect more than 15% of the surface area of a plum or prune;
  • (d) be free from growth cracks that
    • (i) are not well healed,
    • (ii) exceed one per plum or prune, or
    • (iii) are shallow and well healed but exceed 6 mm (1/4 inch) in length;
  • (e) be free from hail damage that
    • (i) is not well healed,
    • (ii) has broken the skin and exceeds 3 mm (⅛ inch) in diameter,
    • (iii) has broken the skin, causing marks that exceed three per plum or prune, or
    • (iv) affects an aggregate area per plum or prune exceeding 13 mm (½ inch) in diameter;
  • (f) be free from limb rub or leaf mark that affects more than 15% of the surface area of a plum or prune;
  • (g) be free from russeting that affects more than 25% of the surface area of a plum or prune;
  • (h) be free from sunscald that does not blend with the normal colour of a plum or prune or has caused blistering or cracking of the skin;
  • (i) be free from drought spot that affects more than 10% of the surface area of a plum or prune;
  • (j) be free from insect stings that
    • (i) exceed three per plum or prune,
    • (ii) extend into the flesh, or
    • (iii) affect an aggregate area per plum or prune exceeding 6 mm (¼ inch) in diameter;
  • (k) be free from a combination of two or more defects referred to in paragraphs (c) to (j) and 78(d) that individually do not exceed their respective tolerances but that in combination exceed the greatest area tolerance set out in any of those paragraphs; and
  • (l) be free from any other damage, defect or combination of damage and defects that seriously affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the plums or prunes.

General Tolerances

81. (1) In the grading of plums and prunes, the requirements set out in sections 79 and 80, as applicable, are considered to be met if

  • (a) not more than 10%, by count, of the plums or prunes in a lot inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging have defects, including not more than
    • (i) 3% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay;
  • (b) not more than 10%, by count, of the plums or prunes in a lot inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging have defects, including not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect; and
  • (c) in either of the cases referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b), not more than 5%, by count, of the plums or prunes in the lot have less than the minimum diameter set out in column 2 the Table of Diameter Size Requirements for Plum and Prune Varieties to section 79.

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of plums or prunes only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grades and Requirements for Field Rhubarb

Application

82. The grades and requirements set out in sections 83 to 85 apply to rhubarb of varieties grown from Rheum rhaponticum, rhubarb grown under protective covering being excluded.

Grades and Grade Names

83. (1) The grades and grade names for field rhubarb are Canada No. 1 and Canada Domestic.

(2) If the grades and grade names set out in subsection (1) are used, the rhubarb must conform to the requirements set out in sections 84 to 85.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

84. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsection 86(1), field rhubarb graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be fresh and not wilted;
  • (c) be trimmed so that
    • (i) the butt of the rhubarb has not been cut,
    • (ii) loose skin has been removed, and
    • (iii) the leafy portion does not exceed 25 mm (1 inch) in length;
  • (d) be free from stalks pulled from the seed stem;
  • (e) have not less than one-third of each stalk of a characteristic red colour;
  • (f) have a minimum diameter of 19 mm (¾ inch) or a minimum circumference of 63 mm (2 ½ inches) at or near the butt;
  • (g) have a minimum length of 254 mm (10 inches);
  • (h) be free from decay;
  • (i) be free from insects or other pests and disease; and
  • (j) be free from dirt, trimmings and other foreign material.

Canada Domestic Grade Requirements

85. Subject to the general tolerances set out in subsection 86(2), field rhubarb graded Canada Domestic must be free from decay.

General Tolerances

86. (1) In the grading of field rhubarb into Canada No. 1 grade, the requirements set out in section 84 are considered to be met where not more than 10%, by count, of the rhubarb in a lot has defects, including

  • (a) in the case of a lot of rhubarb inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than
    • (i) 1% that is affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that has the same defect other than decay; and
  • (b) in the case of a lot of rhubarb inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than 5% that has the same permanent defect.

(2) In the grading of field rhubarb into Canada Domestic grade, the requirements set out in section 85 are considered to be met if, in a lot of rhubarb inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging, not more than 1%, by count, of the rhubarb in the lot is affected by decay.

(3) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of field rhubarb only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Grade and Requirement for Strawberries

Application

87. The grade and the requirements set out in sections 88 and 89 apply to strawberries of varieties grown from the genus Fragaria.

Grade and Grade Name

88. (1) The grade and grade name for strawberries is Canada No. 1.

(2) If the grade and grade name set out in subsection (1) are used, the strawberries must conform to the requirements set out in section 89.

Canada No. 1 Grade Requirements

89. Subject to the general tolerances set out in section 90, strawberries graded Canada No. 1 must

  • (a) be properly packaged;
  • (b) be fairly clean, firm and sound;
  • (c) be well formed and have the calyx attached;
  • (d) be of a colour characteristic of the variety when mature;
  • (e) have a minimum diameter of 16 mm (⅝ inch);
  • (f) be free from bird pecks and bruises;
  • (g) be free from mould and surface moisture; and
  • (h) be free from any other damage, defect or combination of damage and defects that materially affects the appearance, edibility or shipping quality of the strawberries.

General Tolerances

90. (1) In the grading of strawberries, the requirement set out in section 89 is considered to be met if

  • (a) not more than 10%, by count, of the strawberries in a lot inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging have defects, including not more than
    • (i) 2% that are affected by decay, and
    • (ii) 5% that have the same defect other than decay;
  • (b) not more than 10%, by count, of the strawberries in a lot of strawberries inspected at a time other than at the time of shipping or repackaging have defects, including not more than 5% that have the same permanent defect; and
  • (c) in either of the cases referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b), not more than 5%, by count, of the strawberries in the lot have less than the minimum diameter set out in paragraph 89(e).

(2) Condition defects apply against the grade of a lot of strawberries only when the lot is inspected at the time of shipping or repackaging.

Date modified: