Canadian Grade Compendium
Volume 2 - Fresh Fruit or Vegetables

Fresh Fruit or Vegetable Grades and Requirements

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Interpretation

1. The following definition apply in this Volume,

"aggregate area" means an area equivalent to the area of a circle of the diameter specified. (superficie globale)

"condition defect" means any defect that may develop in fresh fruit or vegetables during storage or transit. (défaut d'état)

"decay" means soft, mushy or leaking breakdown of the tissue, from any cause, and commonly known as "soft rot". (pourriture)

"diameter" means the greatest width at right angles to the longitudinal axis. (diamètre)

"miniature vegetable" means a variety of vegetable developed through plant breeding to not exceed a small size when mature but does not include immature or undersize specimens of non-miniature vegetable varieties. (mini-légume)

"permanent defect" means any defect of an unchangeable nature. (défaut permanent)

"properly packaged", in respect of prepackaged fresh fruit or vegetables, means that

  • (a) the fresh fruit or vegetables are packaged in a manner that is not likely to result in damage to the fresh fruit or vegetables during handling or transport, and
  • (b) the container contains not less than the net quantity of fresh fruit or vegetables declared on the label. (convenablement emballés)

General

2. The grade names and grade requirements for fresh fruit or vegetables are set out in Part 1 Grades Requirements for Fresh Fruit and Part 2 Grade Requirements for Fresh Vegetables (See Volume 9 Import Grade Requirements for grade names used for imported fresh fruit or vegetables).

3. The grade names and grade requirements, referred to in section 2, do not apply to miniature vegetables, except in the case of miniature cucumbers.

4. (1) The grade name, referred to in section 2, in the case of prepackaged fresh fruits or vegetables, other than consumer prepackaged fresh fruits or vegetables,

  • (a) must be located on any surface of the container except the bottom;
  • (b) must be shown in characters of a height not less than the height set out column 3 or 4 of the Table of Minimum Type Size based on Principal Display Surface for the area of a principal display surface in column 1 or 2 of that table; and
  • (c) may be shown in only one official language.

(2) Despite subsection (1), in the case of prepackaged fresh fruits or vegetables, other than consumer prepackaged fresh fruits or vegetables, the grade name may, if the container is a reusable plastic container, be in characters that are at least 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) in height.

(3) If prepackaged fresh fruits or vegetables that are labelled in accordance with this volume are placed in another container and the resulting product is prepackaged fresh fruits or vegetables, other than consumer prepackaged fresh fruits or vegetables, the resulting product is not required to be labelled with the grade name if the grade name is readily discernible and legible without having to open the container of the resulting product and is not obscured by the container.

Table of Minimum Type Size Based on Principal Display Surface
Item Column 1
Area of Principal Display Surface in square centimetres
Column 2
Area of Principal Display Surface in square inches
Column 3
Minimum Character Height in millimetres
Column 4
Minimum Character Height in inches
1. ≤ 32 ≤ 5 1.6 1/16
2. > 32 to ≤ 258 > 5 to ≤ 40 3.2
3. > 258 to ≤ 645 > 40 to ≤ 100 6.4 ¼
4. > 645 to ≤ 2,580 > 100 to ≤ 400 9.5
5. > 2,580 > 400 12.7 ½
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