Incorporation by Reference

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has undertaken legislative changes to strengthen how it administers and enforces regulations within its jurisdiction relating to food safety, plant protection, and animal health.

The Safe Food for Canadians Act and the Agricultural Growth Act received Royal Assent in 2012 and 2015 respectively. Both pieces of legislation are designed to encourage innovation in their respective sectors and contain the explicit authority to incorporate any document into regulations, regardless of its source.

The CFIA has developed the Incorporation by Reference Policy to articulate a clear and comprehensive process for identifying documents that could be incorporated by reference.

What is incorporation by reference?

Incorporation of documents by reference is a drafting technique that brings the content of a document into a regulation, without the need to reproduce the document in the regulation itself.

The policy outlines the general principles that the CFIA will follow when identifying documents appropriate for incorporation by reference, as well as the process the CFIA will follow when any changes are made to those documents. It is based on the guiding principles of accessibility, transparency, consistency, reasonableness and clarity.

What information is available?

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