Integrated Agency Inspection Model – Consultation Draft (December 4, 2013)
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Canada has one of the best food, animal and plant inspection systems in the world. With pressures from increased globalization and advances in science and technology, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is modernizing its approach to inspection to maintain a robust approach to human, animal and plant health and consumer protection. The move towards a more preventative and systems-based approach under the integrated Agency Inspection Model enables both the CFIA and regulated parties to more readily adapt to emerging risks and global and scientific trends. Canadians will continue to be protected by an effective system that is both science and risk-based.
The improved food inspection model (iFIM) will become the integrated agency inspection model (iAIM).
The improved food inspection model, finalized June 2013, provides the foundation for the incorporation and integration of the animal and plant commodity inspection programs. The improved food inspection model has been revised to create this Draft integrated Agency Inspection Model. All of the requirements, activities and actions described herein were developed to promote the preparation, importation and exportation of commodities that are safe and healthy and in compliance with federal legislation in Canada.
Animal and plant commodity activities (fertilizer, seed, plant health, feed and animal health) have been incorporated to fully align the strategic outcomes for all CFIA inspection work. This has involved expanding the context of a commodity beyond just food. Broader language has been employed to reflect the full Agency mandate.
Four key areas have been adjusted:
The glossary of terms has been revised, it is a good starting point to promote better understanding.
- The glossary of terms has been revised to improve understanding of the terminology used in the model.
- Permissions, formerly called Licensing, has been modified to provide for permission without a preventive control plan. This was done in recognition of the need for regulatory oversight of one time/low frequency importers or exporters with respect to animal and plant health requirements. The preventive control plan section and annex have had the animal and plant commodity aspects integrated.
- CFIA oversight has been broadened to encompass animal and plant commodities.
- Regulatory response, formerly called Compliance and Enforcement, has been re-organized to better articulate CFIA actions. The first is that initiated by lack of compliance on the part of regulated parties. The second is that initiated by events that are the responsibility of the Agency to control, such as pest and disease incursions and contaminant events.
The model represents the CFIA's vision and its approach to regulatory inspection. The integrated Agency Inspection Model is not a stand-alone initiative. For example, the CFIA is currently redesigning those business functions that are necessary to support the core components of the model, as they relate to Permissions, CFIA Oversight, Inspection, Regulatory Response, and System Performance.
Figure 1 identifies the CFIA functions and the model components.
Since 2013 and continuing in the years thereafter, the CFIA will be phasing the model into operation. More information about implementation and the phased-in approach for the model and proposed commodity regulations will be provided to stakeholders.
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